By Maimonides, the Apostle John, J. Jury, and the unknown author of Ani Ma’amin.
The “Thirteen Principles,” originally composed by Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (RaMBaM) in the twelfth century C.E., are a very basic (but fundamental) set of beliefs that best define the Jewish faith. These principles were later developed by an unknown author into a series of poetic declarations called the Ani Ma’amin.
In studying the original Thirteen Principles, it is easy to recognize a distinct correlation with the teachings of Yeshua and the writings of His followers- specifically, those attributed to the Apostle John. In fact, for all thirteen principles, a relating passage can be found in the Gospel of John, the 1st Letter of John, and the Revelation of John. I have compiled these passages as follows, and have appended them to the original text of the Ani Ma’amin.
So without further ado, I present the Thirteen Principle, according to the Nazarene faith.
Thirteen Principles of the Nazarene Faith
1. I believe with perfect faith that the Creator is the Author and Ruler of all things that have been created, and that He alone has made, does make, and will make all things. All things were made through Him, and without Him, nothing was made that has been made. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not overcome it. He was in the world, and the world was made through Him. (John 1:3-5,10)
2. I believe with perfect faith that the Creator is a Unity, and that there is no unity that is at all like His; for He alone is our God, who was, is, and will be. Holy, holy, holy, is YHWH, God Almighty, who was, and is, and is to come. (Revelation 4:8)
3. I believe with perfect faith that Creator is not a body, and that He is free from the rules of physical existence, and that He does not have any form whatsoever. No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, has declared Him. No one has seen the Father, except he who is from God. He has seen the Father. (John 1:18, 6:46)
4. I believe with perfect faith that the Creator is the Alef and the Tav, the beginning and the end, the First and the Last. Blessed are they who do His commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. (Revelation 1:18,11; 21:6; 22:13)
5. I believe with perfect faith that to the Creator, blessed be His name, and to Him alone, it is right to pray, and that it is not right to pray to anyone besides Him. The hour comes, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth; for the Father seeks such to worship Him. God is a Spirit; and those who worship Him must worship Him in spirit and in truth. (John 4:23-24)
6. I believe with perfect faith that all the words of the prophets are true. In the days to come, the mystery of God will be finished, as He has declared to His servants, the prophets. (Revelation 10:7)
7. I believe with perfect faith that the prophecy of Moses our teacher is true, and that he was the chief of the prophets, both of those that preceded him, and of those that came after. We have found him, of whom Moses in the Torah, and the prophets, did write: Yeshua of Nazareth, the son of Joseph. (John 1:45)
8. I believe with perfect faith that the whole Torah, now in our possession, is the same that was given to Moses our teacher. We shall sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, “Great and marvelous are your works, YHWH God, the Almighty! Righteous and true are your ways, King of the nations.” (Revelation 15:3)
9. I believe with perfect faith that this Torah will not be changed, and that there will never be any other Torah from the Creator. There is no new commandment, but an old commandment, which is the Word that we have heard from the beginning. This is His commandment, that we love one another. (1 John 2:7, John 15:12)
10. I believe with perfect faith that the Creator knows every deed of the children of men, and all their thoughts, as it is said, “It is He that fashions their hearts, and gives attention to all their deeds.” (Psalm 33:15) All the assemblies will know that it is He who searches the minds and hearts, giving to each one of us according to our deeds. (Revelation 2:23)
11. I believe with perfect faith that the Creator rewards those that keep His commandments, and punishes those that transgress them. He does not judge according to appearance, but judges with righteous judgment. (John 7:24)
12. I believe with perfect faith in the coming of the Messiah, and, though He tarry, I will wait daily for His coming. We remain in Him, that when He appears, we may have boldness, so that we will not be ashamed before Him at His coming. (1 John 2:28)
13. I believe with perfect faith that there will be a resurrection of the dead at the time when it shall please the Creator. The souls of those who have not defiled themselves with the Beast will live and reigned with the Messiah for a thousand years, and the rest will live after the thousand years are finished. This is the first resurrection. (Revelation 20:4-5)
Can I be nazaréens if I do not believe in the virgin birth of Yeshoua.
--if He was not of virgin birth HOW IS HE G-D'S SON?
I believe that Yeshoua is divine, son of God
--not all nazarenes (in faith) believed in his divinity. what mattered to Him (Yeshua and Hashem) is that the people must believe and accept Him as the promised One from G-d, the Messhiah by the testimony of his works wrought by the Father in Him.
and son of yossef,
--foster son, not a natural son (this is basic in the New Testament books).
( Son of David) David's seed.
--if king Dovid called Him "My Lord" how is He his son?
I do not agree with all of these. These are principles of the orthodox jewish faith, not the Nazarene faith.
#7 as an example states that Moses is the greatest prophet of all time. This is unbiblical. Moses said that a prophet greater than he would come, therefore, in Moses' own words, the rambam is wrong. Yashua even placed John the baptist above Moses, there is another proof the rambam is wrong.
Concerning Virgin Birth see: http://nazarenespace.com/profiles/blogs/behold-a-virgin-shall-conce...
yeshua was not a adopted son of joseph but the physical son of joseph..most do not realize through josephs birth he healed two houses of david and yeshua recieved his inheritance through jacob the dead father of joseph of solomon,he did not inheirt from heli of nathan his earthly father..remember messiah had to be of the SEED OF DAVID NOT THE EGG OF DAVID.
Anti-missionaries like Tovia Singer love to attack the genealogy of Yeshua. The reason is that the genealogy of the Messiah is critical, and Yeshua fit these criteria perfectly.
The Tanak gives the following criteria for the genealogy of Messiah.
First off Messiah must be “seed” of Abraham:
19 And Elohim said: Nay, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call
his name Yitz’chak. And I will establish My covenant with him, for an everlasting
covenant for his seed after him.
And he must descend from Isaac:
17 I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. There shall step forth a star out of Ya’akov, and a scepter shall rise out of Yisra’el, and shall smite through the corners of Mo’av, and break down all the sons of Shet.
And he must be of the Tribe of Judah:
10 The scepter shall not depart from Y’hudah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until Shiloh comes. And unto him, shall the obedience of the peoples be.
Who is this “Shiloh”?
This Gemara also asks “What is Messiah’s name?” Rabbi Shila offers the answer: “His name is Shiloh, for it is written, ‘until Shiloh comes.” (b.San. 98b)
The Targums (Onkelos, Pseudo-Jonathan and Yerushalmi) all have “until Messiah comes” in place of “until Shiloh comes”.
The word “Shiloh” has a gematria (numerical value) of 345 which is the same as the value of “HaShem” (“the name”) and El Shaddai. The phrase “Shiloh comes” has a gematria of 358 which is the same as the gematria for “Messiah and “Moses” (because the Messiah is “the prophet like Moses” (Deut. 18:18) (see my recent article A Prophet Like Moses http://nazarenespace.com/profiles/blogs/a-prophet-like-moses ). This is because “the name” of Messiah is imbedded in the phrase “until Shiloh comes.”
The Zohar says of Gen. 49:10:
…”the scepter” referring to the Messiah of the House of Judah,
and “the staff” to the Messiah of the House of Joseph.
“Until Shiloh comes”, this is Moses, the gematria of Shiloh
and Moses being the same .
The word Shiloh, here, is spelt with both a yod and a he,
to allude to the holy supernal name, Yah,
by which the Shekinah shall rise…
Thus the Zohar teaches us that in Genesis 49:10 we have the two Messiahs (or the two comings of Messiah) represented as a “scepter” and a “staff” which are one “Shiloh” and that the one “Shiloh” has Yah within him.
In my recent article “Lowly and Riding Upon an Ass” (http://nazarenespace.com/profiles/blogs/lowly-and-riding-upon-an-ass) I show how all of this also connects to Messianic Prophecies in Gen. 49:11 and Zech. 9:9.
Messiah must also be heir to David’s throne:
5 (9:6) For a child is born unto us, a son is given unto us, and the government is upon His shoulder: and His Name is called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty El, The
Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
6 (9:7) That the government may be increased, and of peace there be no end, upon the
throne of David and upon his kingdom: to establish it and to uphold it, through justice and through righteousness, from henceforth even forever. The zeal of YHWH Tzva’ot does perform this.
(Is. 9:5-6 (6-7))
In my recent article “Unto Us a Child is Born- Isaiah 9:6-7 and the Prophetic Perfect” (http://nazarenespace.com/profiles/blogs/unto-us-a-child-is-born-isa...) I demonstrated that this is also a Messianic prophecy.
Anti-missionaries have argued that Yeshua was not heir to David’s throne if he was not actually Joseph’s son (of course the claim of the Gospels is that Yeshua was born to Miriam without any earthly father). This is actually a false claim, the throne can very clearly be passed by inheritance regardless of physical blood line. In fact David himself inherited the throne from Saul without being of Saul’s bloodline. David was the legitimate heir to Saul's throne, by way of his covenant with Jonathan (1Sam. chapters 18-20) which was how David legitimately obtained the throne.
Many anti-missionaries try to attack Yeshua’s genealogy by claiming that the genealogies in Matthew and Luke contradict one another. In fact Matthew 1:1-18 gives Yeshua’s genealogy through his step-father/adopted father Joseph, while Luke 3:23-38 gives his genealogy through his mother Miriam. We know this because the genealogy in Luke begins with “Yosef, the son of Heli” (Luke 3:23) – The Jerusalem Talmud mentions a certain Miriam who, in context, appears to be the mother of Yeshua, who is said to be the daughter of “Eli” (j.Hag. 77d & j.San. 25c) The Aramaic “bar” like the Hebrew word "ben" normally means “son of” but is very ambiguous and can also refer to a “son in law a step son a servant a student or a follower." as is the case here (Yosef was the son of Ya’akov see Mt. 1:16) (The Greek has only "of" which is why the KJV has "son of" in italics, thus the Greek can also refer to a son-in-law).
Matthew gives the genealogy of Yeshua through his “supposed” father (step father and adoptive father) Yosef, to establish Yeshua’s legal right to the throne of David, through Solomon. Luke, on the other hand, gives Yeshua’s genealogy through his mother Miram, showing Messiah to also be the “seed of David” through David’s son Nathan (Lk. 3:23-38).
This resolves the problem of the “curse of Jeconiah” (Jeremiah 22:24 - 29) though it may also be argued based on Hag. 2:23 that this curse had been reversed.
Tovia Singer and other anti-missionaries have claimed that the presence of Jeconiah in Yeshua’s genealogy disqualifies him from being Messiah due to the supposed “curse of Jeconiah” as we read in Jeremiah:
24 As I live, says YHWH, though Coniah the son of Yahuyakim king of Y’hudah were the signet upon My right hand, yet would I pluck you thence;
25 and I will give you into the hand of them that seek your life, and into the hand of them of whom you are afraid, even into the hand of N’vukhadretzar king of Bavel, and into the hand of the Chaldeans.
26 And I will cast you out, and your mother that bore you, into another country, where you were not born; and there shall you die.
27 But to the land whereunto they long to return, there shall they not return.
28 Is this man Coniah a despised, broken image? Is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? Wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into the land which they know not?
29 O land, land, land, hear the word of YHWH.
However if we look in the Book of Haggai we find that Elohim appears to have reversed this curse:
23 In that day, says YHWH Tzva’ot, will I take you, O Z’rubavel, My servant, the son of Shealtiel, says YHWH, and will make you as a signet; for I have chosen you, says YHWH Tzva’ot.'
Note the use of the term “signet ring” in each passage.
The Talmud seems to agree with this concept that the curse was reversed. It says:
Rab Judah said: Exile makes remission for three things, for it is written, Thus saith the Lord etc. He that abideth in this city shall die by the sword and by the famine and by the pestilence; but he that goeth out and falleth away to the Chaldeans who beseige you he shall live and his life shall be unto him for a prey. R. Johanan said: Exile atones for everything, for it is written, Thus saith the Lord, write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days, for no man of his seed shall prosper sitting upon the throne of David and ruling any more in Judah. Whereas after he [the king] was exiled, it is written, And the sons of Jechoniah, — the same is Assir — Shealtiel his son etc.33 [He was called] Assir,34 because his mother conceived him in prison. Shealtiel, because God did not plant him36 in the way that others are planted. We know by tradition that a woman cannot conceive in a standing position. [yet she did conceive standing. Another interpretation: Shealtiel, because God obtained [of the Heavenly court] absolution from His oath. Zerubbabel [was so called] because he was sown in Babylon. But [his real name was] Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah.
33. I Ch. III, 17. Notwithstanding the curse that he should be childless and not prosper, after being exiled he was forgiven.
34. Which He had made, to punish Jechoniah with childlessness."
(Sanhedrin 37b - 38a, Soncino Talmud Edition)
Also the Midrash Rabba says:
. . . they made the Calf and deserved to be exterminated, and I would have thought that He would curse and destroy them, yet, no sooner had they repented, than the danger was averted, And the Lord repented of the evil (ib. XXXII, 14).And so in many places. For example, He said about Jekoniah: For no man of his seed shall prosper (Jer. XXII, 30) and it says, I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations... In that day, saith the Lord of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, My servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the Lord, and will make thee as a signet (Hag. II, 22 f.). Thus was annulled that which He had said to his forefather, viz. As I live, saith the Lord, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim King of Judah were the signet upon My right hand, yet I would pluck thee thence (Jer. XXII, 24).
(Numbers Rabbah XX:20)
And Midrash Pesikta Rabbati says:
R. Joshua ben Levi, however, argued as follows: Repentance sets aside the entire decree, and prayer half the decree. You find that it was so with Jeconiah, king of Judah. For the Holy One, blessed be He, swore in His anger, As I live, saith the Lord, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakhim king of Judah were the signet on a hand, yet by My right - note, as R. Meir said, that is was by His right hand that God swore - I would pluck thee hence (Jer. 22:24). And what was decreed against Jeconiah? That he die childless. As is said Write ye this man childless (Jer. 22:40). But as soon as he avowed penitence, the Holy One, blessed be He, set aside the decree, as is shown by Scripture's reference to The sons of Jeconiah - the same is Assir - Shealtiel his son, etc. (1 Chron 3:17). And Scripture says further: In that day . . . will I take thee, O Zerubbabel . . . the son of Shealtiel . . . and will make thee as a signet (Haggai 2:23). Behold, then, how penitence can set aside the entire decree!
(Pesikta Rabbati, Piska)
Anti-missionary Tovia Singer also attacks Yeshua’s genealogy in Matthew because three names are omitted in Matthew 1:8. In Matt. 1:8 we read “Y’horam begat Uziyahu” Here the names of three kings are omitted. These are added back in Old Syriac (c), however they are clearly not part of the original text of Matthew, since verse 17 in Old Syriac (c) still counts only fourteen names.
Once again Singer fails to use equal weights and measures, judging the Gospels by a stricter criteria than that which he applies to the Tanak. The truth is that it was not unusual for ancient Hebrew genealogies to be abbreviated and omit names. For example if we compare the genealogy of Ezra as given in Ezra 7:1-5 1 with that given in 1Chron. 6:4-15 we find that the later genealogy given in Ezra also has omitted names.
While anti-missionaries like Tovia Singer seek to attack Yeshua's genealogy, the truth is that Yeshua was the heir to the throne of David through Solomon by way of his step father Joseph as we see in Matthew 1 and was also the physical descendant of David through Nathan by way of his mother Miriam. These genealogies demonstrate that Yeshua was in fact uniquely qualified as fulfilling the genealogical prophecies regarding the Messiah.