Nazarene Space

The following matters of Beit Din Procedure were passed by the International Nazarene Beit Din Feb. 3, 2010

n.Sanhedrin A:1

Who may bring a matter of sin to the Beit Din?
Only the victim, as Messiah said:
"If your brother sin against you…" (Mt. 18:15)


n.Sanhedrin A:2

When may a victim bring an accusation to the Beit Din?
Only after first seeking reconciliation twice, first alone, and then with two or more witnesses. As Messiah said: "go and reprove him between you and him alone: and if he will hear you, you have won your brother. But if he will not hear you, take to yourself one witness or two: that at the mouth of two or three witnesses, every word may be established (Deut. 17:6 & 19:15) And if he will not hear them, speak to him in the assembly…" (Mt. 18:15-17) And what is the
"assembly" here? It is to be understood in no other way than the "judges that shall be in those days" (Deut. 17:9)


n.Sanhedrin A:3

For what may a man be accused before the Beit Din?
Only for "sin" as Messiah said "If your brother sin against you…" (Mt. 18:15)
What is "sin"? It is "transgression of the Torah" (1Jn. 3:4).
A man may therefore be accused before the Beit Din only for a transgression of the Torah.


n.Sanhedrin A:4

What punishment for he who rejects the Beit Din ruling in a matter concerning sin? (and therefore does not repent).

The Torah says: "And the man that does presumptuously, in not hearkening… unto the judge, even that man shall die, and you shall exterminate the evil from Yisra'el. (Deut. 17:12)"

However, in the absence of a Theocracy (which will not be re-instated until the return of Messiah) the death penalty is replaced with the penalty of CHEREM (disfellowshipment).

Messiah said "let him be to you as a Goy or a transgressor" (Matt. 18:17)

Paul said: "Now I entreat you, my brothers, that you beware of those who cause divisions and scandals, outside of the teaching that you have learned; that you keep away from them." (Rom. 16:17)

And again: "… deliver this one to HaSatan for the destruction of his body: for spiritually he will live, in the day of our Adon Yeshua the Messiah…. a little leaven, leavens the whole lump. Purge from you the old leaven: that you might be a new lump as you are unleavened. (1Cor. 5:5-7)


n.Sanhedrin 3:3

And these are they who are invalid to serve as witnesses or
judges]: The Pharisees say: "He who plays dice; he who loans money for interest; those who race pigeons; and those who do business in the produce of the Sabbath Year."
Rabbi Simeon said, "In the beginning they called them `Those who gather Seventh Year produce,' When oppressors became many [who collected taxes on this produce] they reverted to calling them, `Those who do business in the produce of the Seventh Year."
Rabbi Judah said: "Under what circumstances? When they have only that as their profession. But if they have a profession other than that. They are valid."
The Essenes said, "No one who has knowingly violated a single word of the commandment will be considered a reliable witness against his fellow until he is considered fit to return to full fellowship." (Damascus Document 4Q270 frag. 9 col. 10 lines 2-3)
Messiah said, "Let he who is without sin cast the first stone" (Jn. 8:7) and the Torah requires the two witnesses to cast the first stone (Deut. 17:7).
And what is meant by "he who is without without sin"?
Yochanan says "And if we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and [to] cleanse us from all our iniquity. And if we say that we do not sin, we make Him a liar: and His Word is not with us. My sons, I write these [things] to you, that you do not sin: and if someone should sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Yeshua the Messiah, the just [One]. For He is the propitiation for our sins, and not on behalf of ours only, but also on behalf of [the sins of] the whole world. And in this we perceive that we know Him: if we
keep His commandments. For he who says, I know Him, and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him." (1Jn. 1:10-2:4)
The International Nazarene Beit Din says: "By this we are to understand that one who does not have Messiah as their advocate with the Father and does not keep his commandments, but has knowingly violated a single word of the commandment,
may not serve as a witness against his fellow until he is considered fit to return to full fellowship."


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Replies to This Discussion

I have always taken it to refer to victims. Victims of my sin have the power to forgive me.
A Beit Din is valid as long as it has at least three members. It could be years, maybe even decades before this movement has enough members that we would have 70 persons familiar with the halachic literature and Second Temple Judaism enough to serve in this capacity. In the mean time tohe Torah REQUIRED us to establish a Beit Din of at least three from the very beginning (back in 1996). The community needs halacha to grow and develop into that community that could produce 70 Elders. Emphasis is on quality rather than quantity. I think as we publish the halacha the community will see its inherent value.
The following revision was passed by the International Nazarene Beit Din on December 5th 2010. This revision does not alter the halacha, it only adds references:

n.Sanhedrin A:2

When may a victim bring an accusation to the Beit Din?
Only after first seeking reconciliation twice, first alone, and then with two or
more witnesses.

The Essenes said:

And as for that which He has said: `You shall not take vengeance nor bear a
grudge against the children of your people,'(Lev. 19:18) every man of those who
have entered into the covenant, who brings a charge against his neighbor whom he
had not rebuked before witnesses, and yet brings it in his fierce wrath or
recounts (it) to his elders in order to bring him into contempt, is taking
vengeance and bearing a grudge. And as for that which He has said: `You shall
not take vengeance nor bear a grudge against the children of your people,' (Nah. 1:2)
every man of those who have entered into the covenant, who brings a charge against
his neighbor whom he had not rebuked before witnesses, and yet brings it in his fierce
wrath or recounts (it) to his elders in order to bring him into contempt, is taking
vengeance and bearing a grudge. But naught is written save that, `He taketh vengeance
on His adversaries, and He beareth a grudge against His enemies.'(Lev. 19:17) If he
held his peace with regard to him from day to day, but in his fierce wrath spake against
him in a matter of death, he has testified against himself because he did not give
effect to the commandment of Elohim, Who said to him, `Thou shall surely rebuke
your neighbor and not bear sin because of him.'(Damascus Document Col. 9 lines 2-8)

As Messiah said: "go and reprove him between you and him alone: and if he will
hear you, you have won your brother. But if he will not hear you, take to
yourself one witness or two: that at the mouth of two or three witnesses, every
word may be established (Deut. 17:6 & 19:15) And if he will not hear them, speak
to him in the assembly…" (Mt. 18:15-17) And what is the
"assembly" here? It is to be understood in no other way than the "judges that
shall be in those days" (Deut. 17:9)

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