Nazarene Space

The Feast of Yeshua (Chag Yeshua) Starts Tonight!

Celebrate the Restoration!
Restoring Chag Yeshua
The Feast of Deliverance
(Or the Feast of Yeshua)
By
James Scott Trimm

 

Feast of Yeshua (Chag Yeshua) Elul 12-18
Evening of Wed Sept. 11th until Evening of Sat. Sept. 17th
(3Maccabees 6:31-40)

 

There is an amazing and important festival on the Biblical calendar which has been lost and has (until recent years) not been observed for centuries. The festival was enacted in the 3rd Book of the Maccabees, but since this book was removed from the canon (along with the rest of the apocrypha), this festival was effectively removed with it. As the restoration of truth continues, one of the things that we need to do is restore this lost, biblical festival to our observance.

What is the background of this festival? After the Battle of Raphia in 217 B.C.E. Ptolemy IV sought to enter the Holy of Holies in Jerusalem, but was miraculously repulsed (3Macc. 1:1-2:24). Upon returning from Egypt he seeks to punish the Jews there for his humiliation. He lowers their political status and seeks to impose paganism on them (3Macc. 2:25-33) and tortures and kills those that refuse to renounce Judaism (3Macc. 3:1-5:51) An elder priest named Eleazar prays for the deliverance of his people (3Macc. 6:1-25), YHWH intervenes bringing about the repentance of the king and the deliverance of the Jews (6:16-7:23) The Jews declared an annual festival called “The Feast of Deliverance” (Chag Yeshua) as an annual celebration of the salvation of the Jews in Egypt at this time. The festival enacted from the 8th to the 14th of the Egyptian month of Epeiph. The Egyptian calendar was a Solar Calendar and these days correspond to 19 August 217 BCE on the Julian Calendar and this was 12th Elul 3544 on the Hebrew calendar. This festival should be observed beginning on the 12th of Elul each year.

And there is another element in this festival for us as believers in Messiah. The Hebrew word for “deliverance” is YESHUA so we have here “The Feast of Yeshua”. The deliverance of the Jews from the hand of Ptolemy IV points us forward to the deliverance of Israel by the Messiah Yeshua. This feast gives us another important theme, Messiah and the deliverance of Israel.

Red Alert Update!

Donations have been very low in this month and

We are still raise $455 by the end of today (Wed)

Or our account will go into the negative tonight!.


 

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As I have said to you many times, I look on this work as a co-operative one with me, and all of you combining our resources together in order to get the job done of helping to teach this great truth to all in the world who will listen. Thank you so much from the bottom of my heart for your continued support, you are the ones who make it all possible by your contributions and your prayers for our work. I truly appreciate your help in every way.

 
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Views: 155

Comment by Andy (c) on September 12, 2019 at 4:23am

Thanks James,

Verifying - and modifying where necessary - your dates as I have them:

Epiphi in the fall of 217 BCE began on Aug 12 (of the Julian calendar) at sunrise in Egypt. 7 days later, Epiphi 8, began at sunrise Sunday Aug 19, 217 BCE (per the Gregorian calendar.)

The Jerusalem horizon relevant New Moons were first visible at sunset on Mar 13, Apr 11, and Aug 8, 217 BCE, respectively. Accordingly, sunrise Sun Aug 19, 217 BCE fell out on either Av 11 or Elul 11, 217 BCE. That’s per the Biblical and Karaite reckoning. Per the secret method or reckoning used by and in the Sanhedrin ruled calendar, the 13th day of the month is identified as the first day in the month when the full Moon is still visible after sunrise (that is, the day of the astronomical Full Moon) which in that month occurred on Aug 22, 217 BCE. 12 days before that, Av 1 or Elul 1, was sunrise Aug 10, 217. Accordingly, sunrise Aug 19, 217 BCE fell out 9 days later, on  Av 10 or Elul 10. That is, per the pre-Hillel II official Sanhedrin authorized calendar.

Accordingly—and please let me know exactly where I am in error if indeed I am!— I find that, per the calendar that no doubt was used by the people referenced in 3 Maccabees, this feast should be observed beginning on either Av 11 or Elul 11. To be consistent, people following the official Hillel II based calendar ought to observe this feast from either Av 10 or Elul 10 of the official Hillel II based calendar. If you begin your feast on the Elul 12 you will necessarily begin at least 2 days too late…

Seeing that this is a seven day long feast, it should end after twilight a full seven days later.

Alternatively, seeing that the original seven day feast is based upon seven days beginning with the First Day and going through the Seventh Day Shabbat, some may choose to place their celebration such that somehow or another their celebration consist of a seven day event beginning on the First Day and going through the Seventh Day Shabbat. But I see no Biblical pattern for defining exactly which week this should be in different years. The Biblical pattern taught us per the original Exodus deliverance out of Egypt, the Feast of Unleavened Bread, is not so defined. If it had been, we would not have had the double dated calendar available to us in the Holy Scriptures as we now do. Accordingly, I would recommend a strict adherence to the Biblical pattern of doing things exactly as defined for us in the Tanach. That is, by not ever giving preference to one's Gregorian calendar based slave or servant ordained job schedules...

Remember always please, these events are all about deliverance from serfdom, not about continuing in our servitude and in our traditional sins!... 

 

Shalom,

 

Andy©

PS. And in reference to the blessings of correcting each our error while such are still in their infancy. So also in reference to any errors pertaining to the dates of the above Feast of Yeshua:

Psa 137:9  אשׁרי שׁיאחז ונפץ את־עלליך אל־הסלע׃

Comment by Andy (c) on September 12, 2019 at 6:00am

Thanks again, James,

Having now once again reviewed all of 3 Maccabees, I notice that no direct exact year is given re any of the events recorded in 3 Maccabees. Some dates (of the Egyptian calendar) are provided at the end of 3 Maccabees 6, but without defining the year...

So please, help me find your exact reference upon which you base your claim that the above events did indeed take place in the year 217 BCE. No doubt you may be aware that the commonly provided historical dates as dated using the Julian/Gregorian calendar are more or less greatly in error...

Only by gaining access to the exact and original words of the best available transcript of the original document may we be able to exactly and correctly date events, ancient and current!, such as the above, in terms of any of our currently common calendars.

So please let me know your exact reference upon which you base your reference to the year 217 BCE! If that year too is in error, then all of the above given dates, as given in terms of any calendar but the Egyptian calendar, are certainly also in error. So please...!

Or why would anyone wish to revive yet another Feast upon the wrong dates. Or, by so doing introduce yet another ungodly tradition abhorrent to our Creator?

Please read all of 1 Chor 23:31; 2 Chor 2:4; 8:13; 31:3; Isaiah 1:13!

Isaiah 1:13  Bring no more vain oblations; incense is an abomination unto me; the new moons and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I cannot away with; it is iniquity, even the solemn meeting. 

Isaiah 1:13  לא תוסיפו הביא מנחת־שׁוא קטרת תועבה היא לי חדשׁ ושׁבת קרא מקרא לא־אוכל און ועצרה׃ 

Shalom,

Andy(c)

Comment by James Trimm on September 12, 2019 at 8:34am

First of all I made these calculations many years ago.

I used the following conversion tool to convert Egyptian dates of the Ptolmic period to calendar dates from  Julian and corresponding Gregorian dates.

http://egypt.online-resourcen.de/home

And the following tool to convert Julian and Gregorian to Hebrew calendar dates:

http://www.rosettacalendar.com/

3Maccabees 1:1-7 references the Battle of Raphia, which the Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha dates at 217 BCE.  As does Wikipedia

Although these academic sources, could be in error, or could be debated (and one can endlessly debate just how the Hebrew calendar worked at or about 217 BCE, that is of little importance.  This fest was established by men and is not a Torah required feast.  It is merely a remembrance of a Jewish victory.  Several years ago the International Nazarene Beit Din established Elul 12-18 as the time for observing this feast.  The Beit Din chose these dates, because the nature of the celebration does not require us to be absolutely certain of how the Hebrew calendar worked at or about 217 BCE, or the accuracy of academics on Ptolemaic calendar dates , like the first Chag Yeshua celebration, it is established by the Beit Din, and since Torah does not directly command us to keep this feast, no one sins by keeping it on the wrong date (even if the date is debatable).  In other words, there is nothing more than academic value in debating the point.  Instead, let us simply enjoy the Feast and remember YHWH's deliverance of Am Yisrael!  

Comment by Andy (c) on September 12, 2019 at 11:27pm

Thank you James,

I very much value your comprehensive response to my specific questions, and I certainly agree that this particular feast is not ordained by the Torah and that it is as such of relatively less importance.

Yet, to me these things re exact timin are most always very important. That is so because I find that there are always important things for me to learn along my journey towards finding an exact ancient and Biblical chronology and timeline. Also, I have learned many times over that there are multiple valuable blessings inherent in paying close attention to exact reckoning of time. Perhaps most of all in order to correctly understand the lessons of history inherent in past events, including past mistakes that we are otherwise doomed to repeat. That is, due to our missed points and lack of a full understanding of how things really work.

Indeed, by your specific answers above you are sharing with me important tools that people use, and in which I too am likely to find value of one kind or another.

Thanks again for your most informative response!

Shalom,

Andy©

Comment by Andy (c) on September 13, 2019 at 4:51am

James,

Looking more closely at your given references, in what year did the 140th Olympiad fall? In 223-220 BCE, as determined by modern astronomical science, OR else as provided by the early editors of Polybius' historical works: "[219-216 BCE]"?

In the context of 3 Maccabees and the Battle of Raphia, Polybius and the Hibeh papyrus are two of the references provided within the Fully Revised Fourth Edition of The New Oxford Annotated Bible with Apocrypha New Revised Standard Version With The Apocrypha (cf the footnote to 3 Maccabees 1:1-7, p. 1660.)
Looking up Polybius, The Histories of Polybius, Book 1 (Vol - 1st,) on page 7, I find these words:


  • "3. The date from which I propose to begin is the 140th Olympiad [220-216 B.C.], and the events are the following: (1)... (2) in Asia the war for Coele-Syria between Antiochus and Ptolemy Philopator..."

Here we discover the first major error of dating. Polybius is talking about the 140th Olympiad, but, as indicated by their use of brackets, the editors of Polybius' book have erroneously applied the 140th Olympiad to the years "[220-216 B.C.]," whereas in reality the 140 Olympiad covers the years 223-220 BCE. The reason for this error is likely the fact that the Olympiad calender, as commonly understood by scholars of the last few centuries was based upon a false belief that Phlegon's solar eclipse corresponded to the March 19, 33 CE solar eclipse.

Astronomers have since shown that the correct date of Phlegon's solar eclipse was the November 24, 29 CE solar eclipse. Thus the error.


It follows that the Battle of Raphia must be dated to 221 BCE, rather than to 217 BCE.

Revising my own first comment above accordingly, I find as follows:

  • "Epiphi, in the fall of 221 BCE began on Aug 13 (of the Julian calendar) at sunrise in Egypt. 7 days later, Epiphi 8, began at sunrise Saturday Aug 20, 221 BCE (per the Gregorian calendar.)
  • "The Jerusalem horizon relevant New Moons were first visible at sunset on Mar 28, Apr 26, Jul 23, and Aug 21, 221 BCE, respectively. Accordingly, sunrise Sat Aug 20, 221 BCE fell out on either Av 29 or Elul 29, 221 BCE. That’s per the Biblical and Karaite reckoning. Per the secret method of reckoning used by and in the Sanhedrin ruled calendar, the 13th day of the month is identified as the first day in the month when the full Moon is still visible after sunrise (that is, the day of the astronomical Full Moon) which in that month occurred on Aug 6, 221 BCE. 12 days before that, Av 1 or Elul 1, was sunrise Jul 25, 221 BCE. Accordingly, sunrise Sat Aug 20, 221 BCE fell out 27 days later, on Av 28 or Elul 28. That is, per the pre-Hillel II official Sanhedrin authorized calendar.
  • "Accordingly—and please let me know exactly where I am in error if indeed I am!— I find that, per the calendar that no doubt was used by the people referenced in 3 Maccabees, this feast should be observed beginning on either Av 29 or Elul 29. To be consistent, people following the official Hillel II based calendar ought to observe this feast from either Av 28 or Elul 28 of the official Hillel II based calendar. If you begin your feast on the Elul 12 you will necessarily begin either 13 days too late, or else 16 days too early…"

The one big question remains:

  • Sola Scriptura, OR else: Tradition rules?

That is, in this case, Do I choose to go by the best available records of the facts, or am I satisfied with sticking to, and remain co-responsible for, the way things are? Regardless of all consequenses?

Reminds me of Psalms 1:1:

  • Psa 1:1  אשׁרי־האישׁ אשׁר לא הלך בעצת רשׁעים ובדרך חטאים לא עמד ובמושׁב לצים לא ישׁב׃ 
  • Psa 1:1  Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. 

Shalom,

Andy ©

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