Just posted Clear Truth 24: Sukkot (Tabernacles).
The Shofar on Shavuot
Arthur L. Finkle
That the shofar played a role in the pilgrimage festival of Shavuot is not gainsaid in Arakhin 2:3, which recites that there were never less than 21 blasts in the Temple every day. Deuteronomy 16 reminds us that,” Three times a year shall all your males appear before Yahweh your Elohim in the place which He shall choose. In the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and in the Feast of Weeks, and in the Feast of Tabernacles.”
Dr J H Hertz, editor of the The Pentateuch and Haftorahs, indicates an argument between the Sadducees and the Pharisees interpreting Lev 23:11- on the morrow after the Sabbath. Better, on the morrow after the day of rest. The Sadducees indicated that Pentecost occurred only on the Sabbath. The Pharisees, only after the count of fifty days from the beginning on the second day of Passover. (The Pharisees prevailed.).
The Bible, itself, composed much of the ritual during the Feast of Weeks. Leviticus 23:15-21: 15 - And you shall number to you from the next day after the Sabbath, from the day you bring in the sheaf of the wave offering; they shall be seven perfect Sabbaths; 16 - to the next day after the seventh Sabbath, you shall number fifty days; and you shall bring near a new food offering to Yahweh; 17 - you shall bring in bread out of your dwellings for a wave offering, two loaves; they shall be of two tenths parts of flour; they shall be baked with leaven; first fruits to Yahweh. 18 - And besides the bread, you shall offer seven lambs, perfect ones, sons of a year, and one bullock, a son of the herd, and two rams; they are a burnt offering to Yahweh, with their food offering and their drink offerings, a fire offering of sweet fragrance to Yahweh. 19 - And you shall offer one he-goat for a sin offering, and two lambs, sons of a year, for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 - And the priest shall wave them, besides the bread of the first fruits, a wave offering before Yahweh, besides the two lambs; they are holy to Yahweh for the priest. 21 - And you shall make a proclamation on this same day; it is a holy gathering to you. You shall do no work of service. It is a never-ending statute in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
These ceremonies were topped off with a unique bringing of two loaves of bread. Lev.23:17, “From [the land of] your dwelling places you shall bring two bread wave-offerings; of two tenth of flour they shall be. You shall bake them leavened, as first-fruit offering to God.”
After the two loaves have been waved, the Priests eat them along with the lambs of the Peace-offerings. In Menachot 4, it is explained that this sacrifice, which was complementary to the Bread-offering, is separate and distinct from the Musaf-offering of the day, i.e., of Shavuot.
"Two loaves are offered on Shavuot because Shavuot is the season when judgment is passed with respect to the fruits of the trees, and the Holy One, Baruch Hu, had said, "Bring before me two loaves on Shavuot, so that the fruit of your trees may be blessed" (Rosh Hashanah 16a)
With the bringing of the two Loaves of Bread on Shavuot from the new crop of wheat, use of the new crop became permissible in the Sanctuary throughout the ensuing year; and with the bringing of the Omer-offering on the 16th of Nisan, i.e. on the second day of Pesach, from the new crop of barley, use of the new crop became permissible for all other purposes.
According to the Mishnah, this Mitzvah served to emphasize the special holiness of the land of Israel.
So this special day included:
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