Nazarene Space

The so-called floating "Lunar Sabbath" is a recent invention. There
is no evidence that anyone ever followed it until recent times. To the
contrary the historical evidence PROVES that the ancient Hebrews
(Including Yeshua himself) kept the Seventh day of the week
("Saturday") and not a so-called floating "Lunar Sabbath".

The following information was obtained from, "The Anchor Bible
Dictionary" Vol. 5; Pg. 853f.

Evidence #1. "Sennacherib's [the Assyrian leader] letter written on
his Judean campaign in 701 b.c. refers to his capture of Lachish on
Hezekiah's "seventh time" (ina 7-šu, lit. "in his 7th (time)," Na'aman
1974:26). Shea (1988:178) has suggested that Hezekiah's "seventh time"
refers to the sabbath, the day when its defenders rested and the
Assyrians captured Lachish".

Evidence #2. "The publication of the Chronicles of the Babylonian
Kings by Wiseman in 1956 provided the date for the capture of
Jerusalem "on the second day of the month of Adar" (Wiseman
1956:72–73), i.e., March 16, 597. The day was a sabbath (Johns

Evidence #3. "[T]he day for the first assault against Jerusalem on
January 15, 588, is again a sabbath, based on the synchronism of the
biblical date (2 Kgs 25:1; Jer 52:4; Ezek 24:1–2) with the Babylonian

Evidence #4. "Again the fall of Jerusalem on the 9th day of the 4th
month of Zedekiah's 11th year (Jer 52:5–8) is calculated to fall on a
sabbath (Johns 1963:485)".

Evidence #5. "This strategy was again used later by the Seleucids at
the beginning of the Maccabean period when Jews were attacked on the
sabbath but refused to resist on this day (Josephus Ant 12.6.2; 1 Macc

It is also stated, "Based on these calculations, it appears that the
military strategy of the Assyrians and Neo-Babylonians utilized the
seventh-day Sabbath rest of the Israelites to accomplish their
military-political goals". Logic would dictate that the Israelites
were most vulnerable on their day of rest, especially since one of the
halakas of the time taught that one could not fight on the Sabbath
(see Jubilees 50:13).

Importantly, note that in Evidences #2 and #4 the Sabbath falls on the
second and ninth days (respectively) of their respective months,
contradicting a Babylonian-style lunar-shappatu system (or a system
that goes 1-8-15-22-29).

In Evidence #3, the Sabbath falls on the tenth day of the tenth month
indicating there was no synchronization of the weekly Sabbath with the
lunar cycle in this time period. Not only do the days of the attacks
calculate to be on the weekly Sabbath, but they also do not correspond
to the necessary lunar days to substantiate a Lunar-Sabbath theory.

To my knowledge, the Babylonians used a crescent New Moon method for
determining the beginning of the month (it was some time after the
Exile that the Babylonians learned how to calculate the conjunction).

Concerning Evidence #5 The Anchor Bible Dictionary also states, "In
Jub. 50:13 fighting is still prohibited on the sabbath. Ptolomy I
Soter (323–283/82 b.c.) took Jerusalem on a sabbath unopposed and
ruled it harshly (Joseph. Ant 12.1.1). Apollonius, a commander of an
army corps of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, in 168 b.c. "waited until the
holy sabbath day" to "rush into the city with his armed men and killed
great numbers of people" (2 Macc 5:25–26), because Jews did not fight
on the sabbath. Sabbath attacks continued (1 Macc 2:38), and
Mattathias and his followers decided that they needed to defend
themselves on the sabbath (vv 39–41) in order to avoid
annihilation. According to Josephus this practice continued (Ant
12.6.2). By the time the Romans engaged in war against the Jews, the
latter would even attack viciously on sabbath (Joseph. JW 2.17.10; 18.1)".

We know from the Scriptures that the Messiah and his Emissaries not
only frequented the Synagogue on the Sabbath, but that it was
Messiah's (Luke 4:16) and Paul's (Acts 17:2) practice to go to the
Synagogue on the Sabbath (the same Sabbath the other Jews kept).
Surveying the numerous issues Paul and Messiah had with the halacha of
the time (especially the issue of proper Sabbath observance in the
Gospels) the issue of *when* to keep the Sabbath is never broached;
instead it was their practice to assemble on the same day as their
fellow Jews.

These historical records indicate that Sabbath observance was kept by
many Israelites, both pre-Exilicly and post-Exilicly, on a repeating 7
day cycle on the day we call Saturday.

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James Trimm

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Comment by Mavryk Chaparral on June 6, 2009 at 7:21pm
make sure you post this article on hisspace. There's some very stubborn Lunar Sabbatarians there.
Comment by James Trimm on June 6, 2009 at 10:48pm
I am aware that the modern English word "Saturday" was originally "Saturn's Day"... its English name is irrelevant.

The day is determined by the Sun and seven days make one week. I will also add that the commandment to observe the seventh day as a Sabbath also says "six days you shall work" meaning that for every seventh day Sabbath, there must be six days of work.... but the Lunar Sabbath theory ends up with another problem, since the lunar month is not always evenly divisible into seven day "weeks".

Of course I have already made the irrefutable case that the historical fact is that the seventh day of the week (called "Saturday" in English) is the Sabbath.

BTW did you know that the ancient Hebrews associated the seven days of the week with the "seven stars" or "seven planets". The ancient Hebrews called the Sun, Moon and five visible planets the "seven stars".

They associated them in order:

1st day of the week was associated with the Sun (and the pagans thus made it "Sun Day")
2nd day of the week was associated with the Moon (and the pagans thus made it Moon Day or "Monday")
3rd day of the week was associated with the planet we call Mercury (the Hebrews called simply KOKAV) Tuesday
4th day of the week was associated with the planet we call Venus (in Hebrew Nogah - "brilliance") Since Venus was the goddess of love the pagans made this Wedding's Day.
5th day of the week was associated with the planet we call Mars which the Hebrews called M'ADIM "red, blood" and the pagan English called "Thor's Day" associating with the Nordic god of war.
6th day of the week was associated by the Hebrews with the planet we call "Jupiter" but which the Hebrews called "Tzedek "the Righteous One" and which we call "Fri Day"

Finally the Hebrews associated the Seventh day with the planet we call Saturn, but which the Hebrews called: "Shabbat" and which the pagans came to call "Saturn's Day".

So the planet we call Saturn is actually called the planet "Sabbath" in Hebrew!
Comment by Shawn on June 7, 2009 at 12:05am
I often wonder if it is our continous stubborn nature as Ephraimites to refuse to learn from Judah that has kept the Mashiach from having come already. We will go to great lengths to invent our own way of doing things just so we dont have to listen to our older brother. When instead we should be as ten humiliated and humbled men grabbing hold of the tzitzit of a Jew.
Comment by nadia tomazic on June 7, 2009 at 1:41am
I do agree with James things are simple .. the day starts with sunset You are complicating truth calling the moon witness the moon is not witness,,,,,witness is messiah and apostols...
Comment by James Trimm on June 7, 2009 at 9:49am

Thats a lot of long discussion about moon phases that changes NOTHING about what I have already posted.

The historical fact of the of the Sabbath as the seventh day of the week is beyond dispute.

Comment by James Trimm on June 7, 2009 at 1:30pm
Shalom Rabbi Trimm, I think I was too late to add this to the Nazarene Space lunar sabbath discussion, but the originator of lunar sabbath has some *very* anti-Jewish baggage. Here is what I was going to post:

While some may consider this an ad hominem argument, I think it is important to note the roots and the origins of modern lunar sabbath observance. The originator of the modern lunar sabbath movement is record producer Jonathan David Brown. He wrote that he received this revelation via a "small voice," and that he followed that voice beginning in 1992. He later published a book on the subject in 1998. While people can and do have a change of heart, Jonathan David Brown heard the small voice while in prison. As one who ministers to a Messianic prison fellowship, I know that people in prison do repent of their former lives. However, the reason that Jonathan David Brown was in prison should give cause for concern. Jonathan David Brown was convicted on one count of being an accessory after the fact to a conspiracy to violate civil rights and for two counts of making false declarations before a grand jury. The following is taken from the judgment denying his appeal to the conviction:

This case stems from the drive-by shooting of a synagogue in Nashville, Tennessee. On June 9, 1990, Damion Patton, a juvenile "skinhead" as described by the Nashville Police, and Leonard William Armstrong, the Grand Dragon of the Tennessee White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, met Brown at a meeting of white supremacist groups which advocated the hatred of Jewish people. Early on the morning of June 10, around 1:00 a.m., Patton and Armstrong drove by the West End Synagogue in Nashville, which another "skinhead" had been accused of defacing a year earlier by spray-painting a swastika on it. As Patton drove by the synagogue, Armstrong fired several shots into the synagogue with a "Tech 9mm" assault pistol. Due to the early hour, no one was present in the synagogue or injured. However, a member of the synagogue described the effect of the shooting as shocking, intimidating, and perceived as life-threatening. Evidence at trial established that Brown assisted Patton in evading the authorities.


Since Jonathan David Brown is the originator of the modern lunar sabbath movement, his anti-Jewish associations are very troubling indeed.

Blessings and peace,












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