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How was it that Diaspora Jews without sacrifices could "save their souls alive"? (Ezek. 18:27)

How was it that Diaspora Jews without sacrifices could "save their souls alive"?

We know, according to Torah, that blood is necessary for the atonement of the soul. (Lev. 17:11) Why was it that in Ezek. 18, when Ezekiel was prophesying during the 70 year Babylonian exile, that in this passage, during an age where there was no blood sacrifice to provide atonement because there was no standing Temple, that Elohim speaks of those individuals who do what is "lawful and right", that they can "save their soul alive."

Again, when the wicked man turneth away from his wickedness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive.

Because he considereth, and turneth away from all his transgressions that he hath committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die.

--Ezekiel 18:27-28

The concept then is the penitent soul won't go to Hell if he were to die even if he had no blood atonement covering his soul..? The Shekinah wasn't in Israel's midst because there was an entire generation that did not have any sacrifices being made, so how then would their souls have been atoned for? If it was less than 70 years (for example 40), then I could see how it could have worked, because there would still be people of the previous generation who had blood atonement, and by the time they died, the next generation would live during the Temple's reconstruction, and they could have had blood atonement later in their life; but 70 years...that is over a generation... so??? When Ezekiel says that they "save their soul alive," is that equivalent to "blood atonement" and "forgiveness?" Yet how can they be forgiven if there was no blood atonement over their souls? There are multiple questions being asked here. What do you make of this?

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