Nazarene Space

Is the House of Judah and Old Dried up Olive Tree?

I recently heard someone say that the House of Judah is an old dried up olive tree.


by James Scott Trimm


After the death of Solomon the Kingdom of Israel was divided into a Northern Kingdom and a Southern Kingdom. The Northern Kingdom became known as the House of Israel; Joseph or Ephraim. The Southern Kingdom became
known as the House of Judah. The Northern Kingdom rebelled against the rightful king, High Priest and Temple. They established their own non-Davidic King, their own High Priest and their own Temple at a new location in the Northern Kingdom. They were unwilling to submit to the rulership of the House of Judah. They, in effect, started their own new
religion. An Ephaimite religion, under Ephraimite authority.


In Jeremiah Chapter 3 the two houses of Israel are discussed. Notice that Israel and Judah are allegorical sisters in this prophecy (Jer. 3:6-7) In Jer. 3:8 YHWH says:

And I saw that for all the causes for which backsliding Yisra'el
had committed adultery, I had put her away and given her
a certificate of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Yehudah did not fear,
but went and committed whoring too.
(Jer. 3:8 - The Scriptures Version)

However YHWH did not divorce Judah as well, as that would have left no remnant. Instead the Prophet Hosea compares the two Houses of Israel this way:

"Ephrayim has surrounded Me with lying,
and the house of Yisra'el with deceit.
But Yehudah is still wandering with El,
and is true to the Set-apart One."
(Hosea 11:12 - The Scriptures Version)


While the House of Israel abandoned the one true faith, a remnant of the House of Judah remained faithful to the one true faith. Since the one true faith had now become the faith of only the House of Judah, it had come to be called "Judaism".

No one knows just when the one true faith came to be known as "Judaism". The earliest known usage of the term "Judaism" in written literature is 2Maccabees 2:21 where it is said that the Maccabees, fighting the Greeks are described as "those who strove zealously on behalf of Judaism". The term Judaism was in common use well before the first century being commonly used by writers such as Josephus and Philo.

Paul himself uses the term "Judaism" in Galatians 1:13 to describe his own faith (see Acts 23:6 for proof that this passage was comparing Paul's former life in Judaism with his current life in Judaism).


In the first two chapters of Isaiah we see a prophetic rebuke of each of the Two Houses of Israel. Isaiah 1:1-23 contains a prophetic rebuke "concerning Judah and Jerusalem" (1:1) while Isaiah 2:5-22 contains a prophetic rebuke directed at the "House of Jacob" (2:5).

The House of Judah ("Judah and Jerusalem") is observing Torah in some way... they are offering sacrifices and incense and observing new moons and sabbaths and the calling of assemblies (1:13). But note that Isaiah 1
calls them "YOUR new moons" and "YOUR appointed feasts" but the Torah calls them "My appointed feasts" etc..

This is why YHWH's nefesh (soul) HATES their appointed feasts (1:14). The House of Judah is observing Torah, but in an empty way (because they have violated Deut. 18:15-18 in rejecting Messiah). Their Torah observance is
empty and meaningless because it has lost the Soul of the Torah the Messiah himself.

The House of Israel (also called the "House of Jacob") is rebuked for having turned from the "light of YHWH" (2:5) (i.e, the Torah see Isaiah 8:20); forsaking "your people" (2:6) and turning to idolatry (2:7).

But in Isaiah 1:9 there is a key passage:

Except YHWH of hosts had left unto us a very small remnant,
we should have been as Sodom,
and we should have been like unto Gomorrah.

Note that this verse takes place in YHWH's rebuke of the House of Judah. While the House of Jacob abandons the Torah and their own people (the House of Judah) and turn to idolatry, and most of the House of Judah observes Torah in an empty way (having rejected the Messiah) there is a remnant of the House of Judah which has not rejected Torah or the Messiah.

In a footnote to Isaiah 1:9 the Ryrie Study Bible has the following comment:

"Quoted in Rom. 9:29 with reference to Christian Jews."

Now I do not always agree with Ryrie's comments and I certainly do not agree with the usage of the term "Jewish Christians", what Ryrie would call "Jewish Christians" I would identify as "Nazarene Jews". However it is very important that Romans 9:29 does quote Isaiah 1:9 with reference to Nazarene Jews. The "remnant" of the
House of Judah in Isaiah 1:9 does in fact refer to Nazarene Judaism.


Now at this point I want to establish that their is only one true faith (Eph. 4:5) which was once and for all delivered to the set apart ones (Jude 1:3) and that one true faith is the Nazarene sect of Judaism.

This brings us to the encounter between Yeshua and an Ephraimite woman (a Samaritan). There is no doubt that this Samaritan woman is to be counted as an Ephraimite because she refers to "our father Jacob" (Jn. 4:12) and
Yeshua makes no attempt to correct her on this point. (Note she mentions the two different places of worship on different mountains in 4:20). Then Yeshua tells her her religion is false and that the Jewish religion is the one true faith saying:

"You worship what you do not know.
We worship what we know,
because the deliverance is of the Yehudim.
"But the hour is coming, and now is,
when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth,
for the Father also does seek such to worship Him.
(Jn. 4:22-23 - The Scriptures Version)

Yeshua makes it clear that the "true worshipers" are the Jews who practice Judaism "in spirit and truth" as opposed to an Ephraimite religion. ("in spirit and truth" - a reference to the Torah - see Ps. 119:142, 151; Ezek. 36:27).

Moreover Paul writes:

"...what is the advantage of the Jew? Or what is the profit of
circumcision? Much in everything!..." (Rom. 3:1-2)


Now the question is: What is the prophetic hope of the House of Israel? Is there to be a last days restoration of a distinct and separate House of Israel (as opposed to the House of Judah) or is the hope of divorced Ephraim to be joined to the House of Judah?

One of the most beautiful prophecies of the reunion of the two houses of Israel is the "two sticks" prophecy in Ezekiel 37:15-20. In this prophecy each of the two houses of Israel are symbolized by two "sticks" which are brough together and made as one (Ezek. 37:15-18) the text goes on to specify that YHWH will:

...take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim,
and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him,
even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick,...
(Ezek. 37:19)

Now lets look at another prophecy in Zech. 8:23:

Thus said YHWH of hosts, 'In those days ten men
from all languages of the nations take hold,
yea, they shall take hold of the edge of the garment of a man,
a Yehudite, saying, "Let us go with you,
for we have heard that Elohim is with you ." ' "j

Now lest anyone think that the "Jew" (Yehudite) in this passage is a certain Jew, such as the Messiah, I must point out that in the Hebrew the word "you" in "let us go with "you" and "Elohim is with you" is PLURAL and therefore refers not to an individual Jew, but to the House of Judah. No doubt the number "ten" here implies the lost ten tribes of Ephraim. Not that Ephraim says to Judah:

"let us [Ephraim] go with you [Judah]
for we [Ephraim] have heard that YHWH is with you [Judah]."

Finally let us look at the olive tree prophecy of Romans 11. This prophecy parallels the two "sticks" prophecy of Ezekiel 37 (note that the word STICK in Ezek. 37 is ETZ which also means "tree").

Rom. 9 begins the contrast of the "Jews" and "Gentiles" by quoting Hosea 2:25(23); 2:1 (1:10) in Rom. 9:25-26. But if we look up the context of the people "which were not my people" which he calls "my people" in Hosea we find that they are the "children of Israel" (Hosea 2:1 (1:10)) as opposed to "the children of Judah" (Hosea 2:2 (1:11)) So if Paul is quoting Hosea in context and contrasting Jews and Gentiles (Rom. 9:24) using Hosea 2:1-2 (1:10-11) then the "Jews" of Rom. 9:24 are the "Childern of Judah" of Hosea 2:2 (1:11) and the "Gentiles" of Rom. 9:24 are the "children of Israel" of Hosea 2:1 (1:10). If this is true then as this contrasting pair advances into Rom. Chapter 11 the two trees are the two Houses.

Now the uncultivated olive tree in Romans 11 is clearly therefore Ephraim and the cultivated olive tree is clearly that of Judah. This prophecy tells us that branches from the tree/stick of Ephraim will be broken off and grafted into the tree/stick of Judah, are to be fed by the root of the tree/stick of Judah and are not to boast against the natural branches (Jews)."

*****The House of Judah is NOT a "old dried up olive tree"!!!!*****

The House of Judah is the cultivated olive tree that Ephraimite branches are being grafted into.

Judaism is the one true faith that was once and for all time given. Messiah did not come to create a new religion whether Christian or a new Ephraimite religion. Messiah came to be the Messiah of Judaism.

Many of those of Ephraim and the Gentiles being drawn to Torah truth and taking hold of Judah are being troubled by those wishing to discourage them from geing grafted into Judah. These would have Ephraim return to the initial Ephraimite error of creating an Ephraimite faith apart from Judah and Judaism.

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James Trimm
Worldwide Nazarene Assembly of Elohim

Views: 78

Comment by James Trimm on February 25, 2010 at 12:25pm
Th ten men represent the ten lost tribes of the House of Joseph


The House of Judah consists of:
Comment by James Trimm on February 25, 2010 at 2:29pm
OK I will post this one more time:

This is a Hebrew idiom by which an active verb is used in connection with YHWH, not to say that He did something, but actually to say that he ALLOWED it to happen in his sovereignty over the universe. I will not give you one example of this idiom in the Scriptures, I will give you seven (the number of perfection):

“lead us not into temptation” (Mt. 6:13a) – Compare with “Let no one say when he is tempted, ‘I am tempted by Elohim’ for Elohim cannot be tempted by evil, nor does he himself tempt anyone. But each one is tempted when he is drawn away by his own desires and enticed.” (James 1:13-14) (I covered the usage of this idiom here in my HRV version Scriptures in a footnote, as well as in my Commentary to Matthew )

“For this cause Elohim shall send them strong delusion…” (2Thes. 2:11)

“…Elohim gave them up to uncleanness… Elohim gave them up to vile affections…” (Romans 1:24-26) – If you read the context of these verses you will see that it is an example of YHWH allowing people in his sovereignty to violate the “male and female” Yesod HaBriah (Principle of Creation) just as he allowed King David to have many wives in violation of the Yesod HaBriah.

“These are they whom YHWH has sent to and fro through the earth.” (Zech. 1:10b) (The “they” in context are horses which represent the 70 year Babylonian captivity (see Zech. 1:8-12).

“Surely You [YHWH] have greatly deceived this people…” (Jer. 4:10)

“I [YHWH] will harden his heart” (Ex. 4:21) - In Rom. 9:17-18 Paul refers to Elohim's sovereignty when he hardened Pharaoh's heart. Paul here quotes Ex. 9:16 and is referring to the material in Ex. 9:15-17. The Calvanist misunderstanding here comes from a lack of understanding the idiom Biblical Hebrew.

In the case of Pharaoh we have a man who was not a believer (Ex. 5:2) and who hardenened his own heart (Ex. 8:11, 15, 28; 9:7). Paul simply refers to this story to show that Elohim had the sovereign right to allow Pharaoh to harden his own heart of his own freewill. This concept is also taught in the Talmud:

In the way in which a man wishes to walk he is guided.
(b.Mak. 10b)

If one goes to defile himself, openings are made for him;
and if he goes to purify himself, help is afforded him.
(b.Shabb. 104a)

If a man defiles himself a little, he becomes much defiled:
[if he defile himself] below, he becomes defiled from above;
if he defile himself in this world,
he becomes defiled in the world to come.
Our Rabbis taught: Sanctify yourselves,
therefore, and be ye holy:
If a man sanctify himself a little,
he becomes much sanctified.
[If he sanctify himself] below,
he becomes sanctified from above;
if he sanctify himself in this world,
he becomes sanctified in the world to come.
(b.Yoma 39a)

Elohim, has the sovereign right to further harden the heart of the man who has chosen himself to harden his heart. This does not conflict with freewill, it is an amplification of freewill.
(This material has been extracted from my book Nazarene Theology, which also discusses the Hebrew idiom in its treatment

“And again the anger of YHWH was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.” (2Sam. 24:1) - I have saved the best example for last… here was are also dealing with David and told that YHWH moved David to number Israel… but wait, the parallel passage in 1Chon. 21:1 says “And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel.” Atheists and Muslims claim this is a “contradiction” in the Bible, but it is just another example of the idiom, YHWH in his sovereignty ALLOWED Satan to provoke David.
Comment by James Trimm on February 25, 2010 at 3:04pm
Note that in 1Kings 12:16 where the Masoretic Text says that these mean of the House of Israel that rebelled against Judah "departed onto their tents" the Masorah indicates the original reading was "departed onto their gods" (see footnote in HRV).

Also Judah under Rechavam is called "The Kingdom of YHWH" (2Chron. 13:7-8) as the continuation of The "Kingdom of YHWH" under Solomon (1Chron. 28:4-5).
Comment by James Trimm on February 25, 2010 at 3:19pm
From the introduction to the HRV:

The term “Masorah” refers to the marginal notes which were transmitted by the
Masorites along with the Masoretic Text. The notes transmitted in the side margins
are called the “Masorah Parva” or “Masorah Katonah”. The notes transmitted on the
top and bottom margins are the “Masorah Magna”, also known as “Masorah
Gedolah”. Finally the notes transmitted at the end of the text are the Masorah Finalis.
Among the notes preserved in the Masorah Gedolah, are those of the Tikkun Soferim
(“Emendations of the Scribes”). Among the Tikkun Soferim, are eighteen notations
which indicate that the scribes, finding the original reading irreverent, emended the
reading to one less offensive. Each of these eighteen readings are indicated with
footnotes in the HRV (see notes to Gen. 18:22; Num. 11:15; 12:12; 1Sam. 3:13;
2Sam. 16:12; 20:1; 1Kn. 12:16; Jeremiah. 2:11; Ezek. 8:17; Hose 4:7; Habakkuk 1:12;
Zech. 2:12; Mal. 1:13; Job 7:20; 32:3; Lam. 3:20 and 2Chron. 10:16). These
footnotes also compare other textual readings from other witnesses, to these readings.
The Masorah also notes 134 places, where the Masoretic Text reads “Adonai”, but
which according to the Masorah, originally read “YHWH”. In each of these locations
the HRV has “YHWH” in the main text, along with a footnote explaining that the
Masoretic Text reads “Adonai”, but that the Masorah indicates the original reading
was “YHWH”. These footnotes also compare readings from other textual witnesses
as to whether they support YHWH or Adonai, in the reading in question.
There are also several places where the Masoretic Text reads “Elohim”, but which the
Masorah indicates the original reading was “YHWH”. In these verses, the HRV has
“ELOHIM” in all caps.

For documentation regarding the Masorah and the Tikkun Soferim see: Old
Testament Textual Criticism, a Practical Introduction by Ellis R. Brotzman pp.
54-55, 116-120; The Masorah of Biblia Hebraica Struttgartensia by Kelley,
Mynatt and Crawford pp. 1-11, 23-28, 37-43, 191; The Tiqqune Sopherim by C.
McCarthy; “Scribal Emendations” by E.J. Revell, Anchor Bible Dictionary;
Introduction to the Masoretic-Critical Edition of the Hebrew Bible, by C.
Ginsburg; pp. 347-363 & Chapter 3. Masorah Gedolah, Vol. 1 G.E. Weil, 1971.
The Masorah, C. Ginsburg paragraphs 107-115.

Yes the printed HRV is available from ISR, just go to and click on the HRV


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