Nazarene Space

Satan and Demons: The Untold Story
By
James Scott Trimm

This is a comprehensive study, but well worth the read!



Is there a “devil”? Is HaSatan an evil fallen angel in rebellion to Elohim, or just a good angel that got stuck with the unpopular job of heaven’s prosecutor? Here are the answers from YHWH’'s Word!

There are two accounts of HaSatan’s fall given in the Tanak. One is to be found in Ezekiel 28:11-19:

11 Moreover the word of YHWH came unto me, saying:
12 Son of man, take up a lamentation for the king of Tzor, and say unto him, Thus says the Adonai YHWH: You seal most accurate, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty,
13 You were in Eden, the garden of Elohim; every precious stone was your covering: the carnelian, the topaz, and the emerald, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the carbuncle, and the smaragd, and gold; the workmanship of your settings and of your sockets was in you; in the day that you were created, they were prepared.
14 You were the far-covering cheruv: and I set you, so that you were upon the Set-Apart mountain of Elohim; you have walked up and down in the midst of stones of fire.
15 You were perfect in your ways, from the day that you were created, till unrighteousness was found in you.
16 By the multitude of your traffic, they filled the midst of you with violence, and you have sinned. Therefore have I cast you as profane, out of the mountain of Elohim: and I have destroyed you, O covering cheruv, from the midst of the stones of fire.
17 Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; you have corrupted your wisdom by reason of your brightness. I have cast you to the ground; I have laid you before kings, that they may gaze upon you.
18 By the multitude of your iniquities, in the unrighteousness of your traffic, you have profaned your sanctuaries. Therefore have I brought forth a fire from the midst of you; it has devoured you. And I have turned you to ashes upon the earth, in the sight of all them
that behold you.
19 All they that know you among the peoples shall be appalled at you. You are become a terror, and you shall never be--any more.
(Ezekiel 28:11-19 HRV)

These words are spoken the spiritual King of Tyre which is clear from verses 14 and 16 where he is called “covering cheruv” and verse 13 which tells us he was “in Eden” obviously the “covering cheruv” who was in Eden was the serpent, HaSatan.



Here we are given some clues as to the cause of HaSatan’s fall “Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; you have corrupted your wisdom by reason of your brightness…” (verse 17).

Another account of the fall of HaSatan is found in Isaiah 14 in reference to a figure called “The King of Babylon” (Is. 14:4):

12 How are you fallen from heaven, O Hallel, son of the morning! How are you cut
down to the ground, that did cast lots over the nations!
13 And you said in your heart, I will ascend into heaven, above the stars of El will I exalt
my throne, and I will sit upon the mount of meeting, in the uttermost parts of the north;
14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like Elyon.
15 Yet you shall be brought down to Sh’ol; to the uttermost parts of the pit.
(Isaiah 14:12-15 HRV)

Again this figure is clearly a [fallen] angel who is the spiritual King of Babylon as we read in the Midrash Rabbah:

R. Hunia said with reference to the dictum of R. Isaac: The Holy One, blessed be He, does not punish a nation on earth till He has cast down its guardian angel from heaven. This is borne out by five Scriptural verses. ...The second is: How art thou fallen from heaven, O day-star, son of the morning! after which we read, How art thou cut down to the ground (Is. 14:12).
(Song of Songs Rabbah VIII:19)

From this portion of Isaiah we learn that HaSatan directly rebelled against YHWH, seeking to put himself (his own opinions) above YHWH (YHWH’s Word).

So what caused HaSatan to be so prideful in himself. What caused him to directly challenge the all powerful YHWH? A clue is given in the Psalms:

5 (8:4) What is man, that You are mindful of him: and the son of man, that You think of
him?
6 (8:5) Yet You have made him but little lower than the elohim, and have crowned
him with glory and honor.
7 (8:6) You have made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands; You have
put all things under His feet:
(Psalm 8:5-7 (4-6))

It is worthy of note that where the Hebrew of the Masoretic Text has “little lower than elohim” in verse 6, both the Aramaic Peshitta and Greek versions have “little lower than angels” in this verse, and it is interpreted to mean “angels” in Hebrews 2:6-9.

According to the Talmud, Midrash Rabba and Zohar, the phrase “What is man, that You are mindful of him” (Ps. 8:5) was actually spoken by a group of angels who were challenging Elohim:

Rab Judah said in Rab's name: When the Holy One, blessed be He, wished to create man, He [first] created a company of ministering angels and said to them: Is it your desire that we make a man in our image? They answered: Sovereign of the Universe, what will be his deeds? Such and such will be his deeds, He replied. Thereupon they exclaimed: Sovereign of the Universe, What is man that thou art mindful of him, and the son of man that thou thinkest of him? (Ps. 8:5) Thereupon He stretched out His little finger among them and consumed them with fire. The same thing happened with a second company. The third company said to Him: Sovereign of the Universe, what did it avail the former [angels] that they spoke to Thee [as they did]? the whole world is Thine, and whatsoever that Thou wishest to do therein, do it. When He came to the men of the Age of the flood and of the division [of tongues] whose deeds were corrupt, they said to Him: Lord of the Universe, did not the first [company of angels] speak aright? Even to old age I am the same, and even to hoar hairs will I carry,(Is. 46:4) He retorted.
(b.San. 38b)

Why is it stated ’for your pride’? It alludes to the idols on which they pride themselves, saying, Where are their gods, the rock in whom they trusted (Deut. 32:37). Another interpretation of ’for your pride’: on account of the Ministering Angels who are proud of themselves and say, ’What is man, that Thou art mindful of him, etc.? ' (Ps. 8:5)
(Lam. Rabbah Prologue XXV)

What, then, was Adam's wisdom? You find that when the Holy One, blessed be He, wished to create Adam, He took counsel with the ministering angels and said to them, ‘Let us make man’ (Gen. 1:26). They spoke before Him, ‘Lord of the universe, what is man, that Thou art mindful of him? (Ps. 8:5).’ He replied to them, ‘The man whom I desire to create will have wisdom exceeding yours.’
(Eccl. Rabbah VII:33)

The Zohar gives even more detail:

“Of the Nefilim it is said: “and the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair” (Gen. 6:1f). These form a second category of the Nefilim, already mentioned above, in this way: When God thought of making man, He said: “Let us make man in our image, etc.” i.e. He intended to make him head over the celestial beings, who were to be his deputies, like Joseph over the governors of Egypt (Gen. 41:41). The angels thereupon began to malign him and say, “What is man that You should remember him (Ps. 8:5(4)), seeing that he will assuredly sin before You.” Said God to them, “If you were on earth like him, you would sin worse.” And so it was. For “when the sons of God saw the daughters of man”, they fell in love with them, and God cast them down from heaven. These were Uzza and Azael; from them the “mixed multitude” derive their souls, and therefore they also are called nefilim, because they fell into fornication with fair women.”
(Zohar 1:25b)

...Uzza and Azael actually opposed it [the creation of man]. For when the Shekinah said to God “Let us make man”, they said, “What is man that thou shouldst know him? Why desirest thou to create man, who, as thou knowest, will sin before thee through his wife, who is the darkness to his light, light being male and darkness female?” The Shekinah answered them: “You yourselves shall commit the very crime of which you accuse him”; and so it is written, “and the sons of God saw the daughters of man that they were comely”, and they went astray after them and were degraded by the Shekinah from their holy estate.’ Said the colleagues: ‘Rabbi, after all, Uzza and Azael were not wrong, because man was really destined to sin through woman.’ He replied, ‘What the Shekinah said was this: “You have spoken worse of man than all the rest of the heavenly host. If you were more virtuous than man, you would have a right to accuse him. But whereas he will sin with one woman, you will sin with many women, as it is written, ‘and the sons of God saw the daughters of man’- not a daughter, but daughters; and further, if man sinned, he was ready to repent and to return to his Master and repair his wrong.” ‘
(Zohar 1:23a)

They therefore went to R. Simeon and laid the matter before him. In reply he cited to them the verse: “What is man that thou art mindful of him, and the son of man that thou visitest him?” (Ps. 8:5). ‘The exposition of this verse’, he said, ‘is that it was uttered by those in charge of the world at the time when God expressed His intention of creating man. He called together various companies of heavenly angels and stationed them before Him. He said to them: I desire to create man. They exclaimed, “Man abideth not in honour”, etc. (Ps. 44: 13). God thereupon put forth His finger and burnt them. He then set other groups before Him, and said: I desire to create man. They exclaimed, ”What is man that thou shouldst remember him?” What is the character of this man, they asked. He replied: Man will be in our image, and his wisdom will be superior to yours. When He had created man and he sinned and obtained a pardon, Uzza and Azael approached Him and said: We can plead justification against Thee, since the man whom Thou hast made has sinned against Thee. He said to them: Had you been with them you would have sinned equally, and He cast them down from their high estate in heaven.
(Zohar 3:207b-208a)

Compare to Gen. 6:1-2 “And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them... they were fair.” (Gen. 6:1-2)  In the Rabbinic literature Shemikhazah and Azazel are called "Uzza and Azael".  According to the tradition found in the Zohar above, when YHWH was creating man, He intended him to be head over all celestial beings.  Certain angels (being lead by Uzza and Azael) maligned YHWH saying "what is man that you should remember him" (Ps. 8:5(4)).  saying that man would sin through his wife.  YHWH responded by saying that if they were on earth like man they would sin worse than man, sinning thru many women, not just one.  YHWH then cast them down to earth. (Zohar 1:23a, 25b; 2:207b-208a)

At this point we should point out that according to the Book of Enoch Gadreel/Azazel went as the Serpent

6 And the third was named Gadreel:  
he it is who showed the children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray Eve, and showed [the weapons of death to the sons of men] the shield and the coat of mail, and the sword for battle, and all the weapons of death to the children of men.
7 And from his hand they have proceeded against those who dwell on the earth from that day and for evermore.
(1Enoch 69:6-7)


Gadreel appears to be a title for Asa’el/Azazel of whom he Book of Enoch says:

1 And Asa’el taught men to make swords of iron, and knives, and shields, and breastplates of brass, and made known to them the metals that are excavated from the earth and the art of working gold and concerning silver, and bracelets, and ornaments, and concerning antimony, and eye shadow, and all kinds of costly stones, and all colouring tinctures.
2 And there arose much godlessness, and being wicked, and they were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways.
(1Enoch 8:1-2)

And here Enoch tells us that Azazel was one and the same with the Serpent in the garden of Eden.  (The Hebrew may have been גדראל (Gederel) “mason of El” or “wall of El”)

Azazel had entered the garden and tempted Eve to as to prove his point that man should not be head over all celestial beings and would sin thru his wife.

YHWH responded by casting the rebel angels to the earth to be tested themselves. We read in the Torah:

1 And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and
daughters were born unto them,
2 That the sons of Elohim saw the daughters of men, that they were fair. And they took
them wives, whomsoever they chose.
3 And YHWH said: My Spirit shall not abide in man forever. For that he also is flesh;
therefore shall his days be a hundred and twenty years.
4 The N’filim were on the earth in those days and also after that, when the sons of
Elohim came in unto the daughters of men, and they bore children to them. The same
were the mighty men that were of old--the men of renown.
5 And YHWH saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every
imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil; continually.
6 And it repented YHWH that He had made man on the earth, and it grieved Him at His
heart.
7 And YHWH said: I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the earth:
both man, and beast, and creeping thing, and fowl of the air, for it repents Me that I have
made them.
(Gen. 6:1-7 HRV)

Who were these “sons of Elohim”? The Book of Enoch tells us that these “sons of Elohim” were “angels” who had “left their first estate”

and especially those who walk according to the flesh in the lust of uncleanness and despise authority.  They are presumptuous, self-willed; they are not afraid to speak evil of dignitaries,
(2Peter 2:2-10 HRV)

And the angels who did not keep their first estate,  but left their own habitation, he has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day;
as S’dom and ‘Amora and the cities around them in a similar manner to these, having given themselves over to sexual immorality and gone after strange flesh, are set forth as an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
Likewise also these dreamers defile the flesh, reject authority, and speak evil of rulers.
(Jude 1:6-8 HRV)


1 And it came to pass when the children of men had multiplied that in those days were born unto them beautiful and comely daughters.
2 And the angels, the children of the heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: 'Come, let us choose us wives from among the children of men and beget us children.'
3 And Shemikhazah, who was their leader, said unto them: 'I fear you will not indeed agree to do this deed, and I alone shall have to pay the penalty of a great sin.'
4 And they all answered him and said: 'Let us all swear an oath, and all bind ourselves by imprecations not to abandon this plan but to do this thing.'
5 Then they all swore together and bound themselves by imprecations upon it.
6 And they were in all two hundred; who descended in the days of Yared on the summit of Mount Hermon, and they called it Mount Hermon, because they had sworn and bound themselves by imprecations upon it.
(1Enoch 6:1-6 – James Trimm Translation)

The Book of Enoch tells us that these fallen angels became subjects of “Satan”:

And Mikha’el, and Gavri’el, and Rafa’el, and P’nuel  shall take hold of them on that great day, and cast them on that day into the burning furnace, that YHWH Tzva’ot may take vengeance on them for their unrighteousness in becoming subject to Satan and leading astray those who dwell on the earth.'
(1Enoch 54:6)

It is important to understand that “Satan” is not a name.  “Satan” is a title, it is a Hebrew word meaning “adversary”.  In the Tanak it often appears in the Hebrew with a definite article as “HaSatan” (“THE Satan”) although in Hebrew (as in English), names never appear with a definite article.  It is never “The James”.  

Ironically in most places where you see the word “Lord” in your Bibles, the Hebrew word is actually YHWH, which is the Name of the Creator.  Theologians have replaced the Name of the Creator with a title, and turned the title “HaSatan” (“The Adversary”) into a name!

The Book of Enoch also makes a very interesting statement:

And I heard the fourth voice fending off the Satans and forbidding them to come before YHWH of Spirits to accuse them who dwell on the earth.
(1Enoch 40:7)

Now to people today who have been conditioned to think of “Satan” as a name rather than a title, seeing the name Satan in the plural seems very odd indeed.  But to the ancient Hebrew reader we are simply looking at the title “the adversary” describing more than one “adversary”.  Yes the Book of Enoch is telling us that the Fallen Angels are subject to more than one “satan” (adversary).  (Since the Tanak often uses the term “THE Adversary” (Ha-Satan) it is clear that there is nonetheless a unique figure who is a leader over all of the fallen angels who is called in the Hebrew “Ha-Satan” “The Satan”.

After giving the names of the twenty leaders of tens of the fallen angels (found in 1Enoch 6:7-8 and repeated in 1Enoch 69:2-3) the Book of Enoch gives us a list of five leaders over forties in 69:4-12 who are five “satans” or five adversaries to whom the fallen angels are subject. These appear to be the “satans” referred to in 1Enoch 40:7.

This portion of the Book of Enoch (1Enoch 69) has only survived in Ethiopic, however I will endeavor in this article to reach behind the Ethiopic, to the original Hebrew of these verses:

4 The name of the first Yekon:  
that is, the one who led astray [all] the sons of Elohim,  and brought them down to the earth, and led them astray through the daughters of men.

The original Hebrew behind “Yekon” may have been יקום (Yekom) “rebel; one who rises up” however in Biblical Hebrew this word (from a root meaning “to rise up”) simply means “a living thing” (Strong’s 3351).  Another possibility is יקמעם (Y’kam’am) (Strong’s 3360) which is a name used twice in the Tanak (1Chr. 23:19; 24:23) meaning “he who gathers the people together”.  (Or simply “Y’kam” יקם “he who gathers”) Yekon appears to be a title for Shemikhazah who in the Book of Enoch chapter 6 led the 200 fallen angels astray through the daughters of men.

5 And the second was named Asbeel:  
he imparted to the set-apart sons of Elohim evil counsel, and led them astray so that they defiled their bodies with the daughters of men.

“Asbeel” is probably a scribal error for Kasbeel, who while they still dwelt in heaven obtained the secret of the sacred name and the secret of its numbers so that they could be used in the oath that bound them together:

13 And this is the number of Kasbeel, the chief of the oath, which he showed to the set-apart ones when he dwelt high above in glory, and its name is Biqa.  
14 This (angel) requested Mikha’el to show him the hidden name, that he might enunciate it in the oath, so that those might quake before that name and oath
15 who revealed all that was in secret to the children of men? And this is the power of this oath, for it is powerful and strong, and he placed this oath Akae in the hand of Mikha’el.
(1Enoch 69:13-15)

This was covered in great detail in a recent article: Secrets of the Oath That Binds the Fallen Angels.  The underlying Hebrew for Kasbeel may have been חשביל (Khashevel) “thought of El.”

6 And the third was named Gadreel:  
he it is who showed the children of men all the blows of death, and he led astray Eve,  and showed [the weapons of death to the sons of men] the shield and the coat of mail, and the sword for battle, and all the weapons of death to the children of men.
7 And from his hand they have proceeded against those who dwell on the earth from that day and for evermore.

Gadreel appears to be a title for Asa’el/Azazel of whom he Book of Enoch says:

1 And Asa’el taught men to make swords of iron, and knives, and shields, and breastplates of brass, and made known to them the metals that are excavated from the earth and the art of working gold and concerning silver, and bracelets, and ornaments, and concerning antimony, and eye shadow, and all kinds of costly stones, and all colouring tinctures.
2 And there arose much godlessness, and being wicked, and they were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways.
(1Enoch 8:1-2)

And here Enoch tells us that Azazel was one and the same with the Serpent in the garden of Eden.  The Hebrew may have been גדראל (Gederel) “mason of El” or “wall of El”

8 And the fourth was named Penemue:  
he taught the children of men the bitter and the sweet, and he taught them all the secrets of their wisdom.
9 And he instructed mankind in writing with ink and paper, and thereby many sinned from eternity to eternity and until this day.

The title in Hebrew may have been פנה אמונה (Pana Emunah) “He has turned from trust/faith” or פנמו  “inside”  Since the Book of Enoch itself refers to Enoch as “Enoch the Scribe” (1Enoch 12:4), Enoch felt a parenthetical explanation was needed:

10 For men were not created for such a purpose, to give confirmation to their good faith with pen and ink.
11 For men were created exactly like the angels, to the intent that they should continue pure and righteous, and death, which destroys everything, could not have taken hold of them, but through this their knowledge they are perishing, and through this power it is consuming me.

So writing was not originally intended for man at the time he was created (because man was created immortal), but after the fall, writing serves the purpose of allowing man to pass information from generation to generation, so that ideas are not lost when men die.

12 And the fifth was named Kasdeya:  
this is he who showed the children of men all the wicked smitings of spirits and demons, and the smitings of the embryo in the womb,  that it may pass away, and [the smitings of the soul] the bites of the serpent, and the smitings which befall through the noontide heat, the son of the serpent named Taba'et.  
(1Enoch 69:4-12)

The Book of Enoch tells us that the fallen angels introduced an ancient abortion procedure, showing “the children of men … the smitings of the embryo in the womb, that it may pass away,..." (1Enoch 69:12)

Similarly the Book of Jasher (see Joshua 10:23 and 2Sam. 1:18) tells us that during these days before the flood a "draught" was also introduced that was a permanent method of birth control for women:

17 And Lamech, the son of M'tushael, became related to Kayinan by marriage, and he took his two daughters for his wives, and Adah conceived and bare a son to Lamech, and she called his name Yaval.
18 And she again conceived and bare a son, and called his name Yuval; and Zillah, her sister, was barren in those days and had no offspring.
19 For in those days the sons of men began to trespass against Elohim, and to transgress the commandments which he had commanded to the man, to be fruitful and multiply in the earth.
20 And some of the sons of men caused their wives to drink a draught that would render them barren, in order that they might retain their figures and whereby their beautiful appearance might not fade.
21 And when the sons of men caused some of their wives to drink, Zillah drank with them.
22 And the child-bearing women appeared abominable in the eyes of their husbands as widows, while their husbands lived, for to the barren ones only they were attached.
(Jasher 2:17-22)

This sterilization “draught” was likely also introduced by the fallen angels.  

Later in the Book of Enoch, Enoch speaks of abortion in the last days saying:

And in those days the women shall become pregnant
and abort their babies
And cast them out from their midst
Yea, they shall abandon their children (that are still) sucklings,
and not return to them,
And shall have no pity on their beloved ones.
(1Enoch 99:5)

The original Hebrew of the Book of Enoch has not survived, and this passage has survived only in the Ancient Ethiopic version. In the Ethiopic the word for "abort" here is MASIT a verb meaning “to pluck or tear out”; “to violently remove”; “to carry off” or “to rob”. Clearly this passage speaks of women aborting their babies in the last days.

The original Hebrew behind “Kasdeya” may have been חסדיה (Khesedyah)“Yah has favored” (see 1Chron. 3:20) but Aramaic כשדיא (Kash’diya) “Chaldeans” may be more likely.

There is not just one Adversary (Satan) there are five adversaries (satans) who are leaders over the fallen angels.  Spiritual Warfare is much more complicated that you may have realized, there is not just one Satan, there are FIVE!

Evil Spirits on the Earth

The fallen angels impregnated human women with offspring known as giants:

1 And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives from all, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go in unto them and to defile themselves with them, and they taught them sorcery and spellbinding,  and the cutting of roots, and made them acquainted with plants.
2 And they became pregnant, and they bare great giants, whose height was three thousand cubits, and there were not born upon the earth children of their strength.
(1En. 7:1-2)

At the flood the giants became evil spirits on the earth:

8 And now, the giants, who are produced from the spirits and flesh, shall be called evil spirits upon the earth, and on the earth shall be their dwelling.  
9 Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because they are born from men and from the set-apart Watchers is their beginning and primal origin; they shall be evil spirits on earth, and evil spirits shall they be called.
10 [As for the spirits of heaven, in heaven shall be their dwelling, but as for the spirits of the earth which were born upon the earth, on the earth shall be their dwelling.]
11 And the spirits of the giants afflict, oppress, destroy, attack, do battle, and work destruction on the earth, and cause trouble: they take no food, but nevertheless hunger and thirst, and cause offenses.
12 And these spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them.
(1En. 15:8-12).

Origin of the Sirens

Another passage in the Book of Enoch tells us:

“And the women also of the angels who went astray shall become sirens.”
(1Enoch 19:2).

Although the Ethiopic text has “salamaweyan” (“peaceful”) which is widely regarded as a corruption with the original reading being that found in the Greek εις σειρηνας “into sirens.”  This is certainly a passage which we would like to see in the Aramaic, much less the lost original Hebrew, but unfortunately the Aramaic for this passage has not survived.

In Greek mythology, the Sirens were beautiful yet dangerous creatures, who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island.  So why would the Book of Enoch refer to “sirens”.  Why would an ancient Hebrew text refer to figures of Greek mythology and what was the original Hebrew word(s) behind the word “sirens”?


“Sirens” in the LXX

In the Greek Septuagint the Greek word σειρηνας (sirens) does in fact appear several times where the Hebrew has the phrase בת יענה.  There is debate as to what this phrase means, some arguing that it refers to a female owl and others a female ostrich.  The word  יענה always appear with the prefix בת (literally “daughter of”).

But wildcats shall lie there, and their houses shall be full of ferrets:
and ostriches shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there.
And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses,
and dragons in their pleasant palaces:
and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.
(Isaiah 13:21-22)

Therefore the wildcats with the jackals shall dwell there, and the ostriches shall dwell
therein. And it shall be no more inhabited forever, neither shall it be dwelt in from
generation to generation.
(Jeremiah 50:39 (27:39)

For this will I wail and howl, I will go stripped and naked; I will make a wailing like
the jackals, and a mourning like the ostriches.
(Micah 1:8)

The context is that of female beings who cry and wail.


Peshitta Tanak and Targum

In two of these examples from the Septuagint (Is. 13:21) and Jeremiah 30:39 the Hebrew phrase בת יענה is translated בנת נעמא in the Aramaic Peshitta Tanak.  The Targum Jonathan for Isaiah 13:21 has בנת נעמיין in the Aramaic.

Lamsa renders this phrase in the Peshitta as “ostriches” however it is literally “daughters of Naamah.”  The Aramaic of the Targum could mean “daughters of loveliness” but could also be a plural form derived from Naamah.  Namaah was the sister of Tubal Cain, as we read in the Torah:

And Zillah, she also bare Tubal-cain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.
(Gen. 4:22)


Naamah in the Zohar

According to the Zohar Naamah seduced the fallen angels led by Shemikhazah and Azzazel (Uzza and Azael as they are called throughout the Zohar).  She is the mother of demons and lives to this day having her abode among the waves of the great sea.  She is said to seduce men and make sport with them:

These two chiefs were named ’Afrira and Kastimon. They, moreover, bear the likeness of holy angels, having six wings. One of them had the face of an ox and the other that of an eagle. But when they became united they assumed the image of a man. In time of darkness they change into the form of a two-headed serpent, and crawl like a serpent, and swoop into the abyss, and bathe in the great sea. When they reach the abode of Uzza and Azael they stir them up and rouse them. These then leap into the “dark mountains”, thinking that their day of judgement has come before the Holy One, blessed be His Name. The two chiefs then swim about in the great sea, and when night comes they fly off to Na'amah, the mother of the demons (shedim), by whom the first saints were seduced; but when they think to approach her she leaps away six thousand parasangs, and assumes all shapes and forms in the midst of the sons of men, so that the sons of men may be led astray after her.
(Zohar 1:9b)

She [Naamah] by her beauty led astray the “sons of God”, Uzza and Azael, and she bore them children, and so from her went forth evil spirits and demons into the world. She wanders about at night time, vexing the sons of men and causing them to defile themselves. Wherever these spirits find people sleeping alone in a house, they hover over them, lay hold of them and cleave to them, inspire desire in them and beget from them.
(Zohar 1:19b)

AND THE SISTER OF TUBAL CAIN WAS NAAMAH. R. Hiya said: ‘Why does the Scripture particularly mention Naamah? The reason is that she was the great seducer not only of men, but also of spirits and demons.’ R. Isaac said: ‘The “sons of God” mentioned in the Scripture (Gen. 6:4), who were Uzza and Azael, were seduced by her.’ R. Simeon said: ‘She was the mother of the demons, being of the side of Cain, and it is she who in company with Lilith brings epilepsy on children.’ Said R. Abba to him: ‘Did you not say before that her function is to seduce men? ‘ He replied: ‘That is so; she disports herself with men, and sometimes bears spirits from them. And she still exists to seduce men.’ Said R. Abba to him: ‘But do these demons not die like human beings? How then comes she to exist to the present day? ‘ He replied: ‘It is so. Lilith and Naamah and Iggereth, the daughter of Mahlath, who originated from their side, will all continue to exist until the Holy One, blessed be He, sweeps away the unclean spirit, as it is written, “I will cause the unclean spirit to pass out of the land” (Zech. 13:2).’ Said R. Simeon: ‘Alas for the blindness of the sons of men, all unaware as they are how full the earth is of strange and invisible beings and hidden dangers, which could they but see, they would marvel how they themselves can exist on the earth. This Naamah was the mother of the demons, and from her originate all those evil spirits which mix with men and arouse in them concupiscence, which leads them to defilement. It is because such a hap comes from the side of the unclean spirit that it entails the need of purification by ablution, as our colleagues have explained.’
Zohar 1:55a)

One male came into the world from the side of the spirit of the side of Cain, and they called him Tubal Cain. A female came with him who was called Naamah, from whom issued other spirits and demons; these hover in the air and tell things to those others below. This Tubal Cain produced weapons of war, and this Naamah clung to her own side, and she still exists, having her abode among the waves of the great sea. She goes forth and makes sport with men and conceives from them through their lustful dreams. From that lust she becomes pregnant and brings forth further species in the world. The sons whom she bears from human beings show themselves to the females of mankind, who become pregnant from them and bring forth spirits, and they all go to the ancient Lilith, who brings them up. She goes out into the world and seeks her little ones, and when she sees little children she cleaves to them in order to kill them and to insinuate herself into their spirits. There are, however, three holy spirits which fly in front of her and take that spirit from her and set it before the Holy One, blessed be He, and there they seare taught before Him. Thus they guard that child and she cannot hurt him. But if a man is not holy, and draws upon himself a spirit from the unclean side, she comes and makes sport with that child, and if she kills him she enters into his spirit and never leaves it. You may say: What about those others whom she has killed, although the three angels  confronted her and took from her their spirits? Since they were not on the side of uncleanness, why had she power to kill them? This happens when a man does not sanctify himself, but yet does not purposely try to defile himself nor actually do so. In such cases she has power over the body but not the spirit. Sometimes it happens that Naamah goes forth to have intercourse with men and a man is linked with her in lust, and then suddenly wakes and clasps his wife though his mind is still full of the lust of his dream. In that case the son so born is of the side of Naamah, and when Lilith goes forth she sees him and knows what has happened, and brings him up like the other children of Naamah, and he is often with her, and she does not kill him. This is the man who receives a blemish on every New Moon.
(Zohar 3:76b-77a)


Thus the term σειρηνας (siren) in the Greek of 1Enoch 19:2 points us to an underlying Aramaic of בנת נעמא and the tradition recorded in the Zohar that Naamah seduced the fallen angels, is a mother of demons and was a chief among their wives, lives to this day, abides among the waves of the great sea and seduces men.  Once again the Zohar demonstrates an in-depth knowledge of the Book of Enoch and becomes an invaluable tool to understanding the Book of Enoch.  (If the Zohar were a product of the middle ages as many skeptics claim, it could not express knowledge of the Book of Enoch which was lost by the middle ages).

The Bat Ya'anah are a special class of female demons whose chief function is to seduce men to their spiritual destruction.   This is the spirit of Jezebel of which we read in the Scriptures:

“Ahav ben Omri did more evil in the eyes of Yahweh than any of those before him. He not only considered it trivial to commit the sins of Jeroboam ben Nebat, but he also married Jezebel daughter of Ethba’al king of the Sidonians, and began to serve Ba’al and worship him. He set up an altar for Ba’al in the temple of Ba’al that he built in Samaria.” (1 Kings 16:30-32)

18 And to the messenger that is in the assembly that is in Thyatira, write, Thus says the Son of Eloah, He who has eyes like a flame of fire, and His feet like the brass of Lebanon:
19 I know your works, and your love, and your trust, and your service, and your patience, and your latter works are greater than the former [ones],
20 But I have much against you: because you allowed your wife, Jezebel--she who says concerning her nefesh, that she is a prophetess, and teaches and deceives My servants to commit sexual immorality, and to eat sacrifices of idols.
21 And I gave her a time for repentance, and she does not desire to repent from her
sexual immorality.
22 Behold, I [will] cast her into the coffin, and those who commit adultery with her into great affliction, unless they repent of their deeds.
23 And I will kill her sons with death, and all the assemblies [will] know that I am searching the reins, and the heart: and I will give to every one of you, according to your works.
(Rev. 2:18-23 HRV)

I have seen this spirit of Jezebeel destroy leaders in these last days. 

War in Heaven

HaSatan was the leader of the group of angels who, because of their pride, dared to question YHWH and challenge His creation of man. Refusing to accept YHWH’s will, HaSatan and the angels who followed him launched a war in heaven against man:

7 And there was war in heaven: and Mikha'el and his angels were fighting with the
dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought,
8 And they did not prevail, and no place was found for them in heaven.
9 And the great dragon was cast out--that head serpent who is called, Akel Kartza and
HaSatan--who deceived the whole earth: and he was cast out upon the earth, and
his angels were cast out with him.
10 And I heard a great voice from heaven saying, Behold, there is deliverance, and
power, and the Kingdom of our Eloah: for the accuser of our brothers is cast out, who
accused them night and day before our Eloah.
(Rev. 12:7 HRV)


Cast to the earth HaSatan has launched a special war against those who accept both the Torah and the Messiah:

And the dragon was angry concerning the woman, and he went to wage war with the
remnant of her seed--those who keep the commandments of Eloah and have the
testimony of Yeshua.
(Rev. 12:17 HRV)

But no weapon forged against this movement will prosper (Is. 54:17). Like Job, our latter end, will be more than our beginning (Job. 42:12).

 

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Views: 358

Comment by J-M Mustchin yesterday

Extremely interesting.

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