The Call of Yizre'el and the Olive Tree
James Scott Trimm
24 (2:22) And the earth shall respond to the grain, and the wine, and the oil--and they
shall respond to Yizre’el.
25 (2:23) And I will sow her unto Me in the land, and I will have compassion upon her
that had not obtained compassion. And I will say to them that were not My people: You
are My people, and they shall say, You are my Elohim.
(Hosea 2:24-35 (2:22-23) HRV)
This passage from Hosea brings us to a most overlooked thread of prophecy, that of the ultimate restoration of the House of Israel.
The name Yizre'el (Jezreel in the KJV) is the key to this overlooked thread. In Hosea 1:4 Hosea's wife bears a son and
YHWH names the son "Yizre'el". Throughout Hosea the names of Hosea's sons had special prophetic meaning. The name "Yizre'el" is a word play on "Yisra'el" (Israel) but has the maning "El sows" or "El scatters":
4 And YHWH said unto him: Call his name Yizre’el, for yet a little while and I will visit
the blood of Yizre’el upon the house of Yahu, and will cause to cease--the kingdom of
the House of Yisra’el.
(Hosea 1:4 HRV)
The prophetic meaning of this name is revealed in Hosea chapter 2 where Elohim scatters Yisra'el.
At this point it is absolutely essential to distinguish the two houses of Israel in this book. In these first two
chapters of Hosea it is clear that it is not the House of Judah who are facing this chastisement. In fact Hosea
specifies that while he is punishing the House of Israel, He will have compassion on the House of Judah:
7 But I will have compassion upon the House of Y’hudah, and will save them by YHWH
their Elohim: and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, nor by
horses, nor by horsemen.
(Hosea 1:7 HRV)
By contrast the House of Israel will lose their identity as the people of YHWH. His second and third sons are named
"Lo-Ruchmah" ("not compassioned") and "Lo-Ammi" ("Not My People").
Finally YHWH tells us that at a time when the number of the descendants of Israel is as the "as the sand of the sea,
which cannot be measured nor numbered." (Hosea 2:1 (1:10)) that this group known as Lo-Ammi "Not My People" will come to be known as "Sons of the Living El."
In other words these people would realize that they are not Gentiles after all, but members or the Ten Lost Tribes.
We read of this realization in the Apocrypha in the book of Baruch:
… but in the land of their captivities they shall remember themselves.
And shall know that I am YHWH their Elohim: for I will give them a
heart, and ears to hear: And they shall praise me in the land of their
captivity, and think upon my name, And return from their stiff neck,
and from their wicked deeds: for they shall remember the way of their
fathers, which sinned before YHWH. And I will bring them again into
the land which I promised with an oath unto their fathers, Avraham,
Yitzchak, and Ya'akov, and they shall be masters of it: and I will
increase them, and they shall not be diminished. And I will make an
everlasting covenant with them to be their Elohim, and they shall be
my people: and I will no more drive my people of Israel out of the
land that I have given them.
(Barukh (Baruch) 2:30-35)
Romans 9 begins the contrast of the "Jews" and "Gentiles" by quoting Hosea 2:25(23); 2:1 (1:10) in Rom. 9:25-26.
23 And poured forth His mercy upon the vessels of mercy, that were prepared to Eloah to glory,
24 Which we are … the called; not only from the Jews, but also from the Goyim.
25 Thus also He said in Hoshea: I will call those who were not My people, My people:
and to whom I have not shown mercy, I will show mercy.
26 For it will be, [that] in the place where they were called, Not my people: there
they will be called, sons of the Living Eloah. (Hosea 2:1 (1:10); 2:25 (23))
27 And Yesha'yahu proclaimed concerning the B'nai Yisra'el, that even though the
number of the B'nai Yisra'el should be like the sand that is in the sea, a remnant of
them would be saved.
(Romans 9:23-27 HRV)
If we look up the context of the people "which were not my people" which he calls "my people" in Hosea we find that they are the "children of Israel":
1 (1:10) Yet, the number of the children of Yisra’el shall be as the sand of the sea, which
cannot be measured nor numbered. And it shall come to pass that, instead of that which
was said unto them, You are not My people: it shall be said unto them, You are the
children of the living El.
(Hosea 2:1 (1:10))
as opposed to "the children of Judah":
2 (1:11) And the children of Y’hudah and the children of Yisra’el shall be gathered
together, and they shall appoint themselves one head, and shall go up out of the land: for
great shall be the day of Yizre’el.
(Hosea 2:2 (1:11))
So if Paul is quoting Hosea in context and contrasting Jews and Gentiles (Rom. 9:24) using Hosea 2:1-2 (1:10-11) then the "Jews" of Rom. 9:24 are the "Children of Judah" of Hosea 2:2 (1:11) and the "Gentiles" of Rom. 9:24 are the
"children of Israel" of Hosea 2:1 (1:10).
If this is true then as this contrasting pair advances into Rom. Chapter 11 the two trees are the two Houses. This
prophecy parallels the two "sticks" prophecy of Ezekiel 37 (note that the word STICK in Ezek. 37 is ETZ which also means "tree").
16 And if the first is Set-Apart, the lump of dough is also: and if the root is Set-Apart, the
branches [are] also.
17 And if some branches were broken off, and you who are a wild olive [tree], were
grafted into their place and became partakers of the root and of the oil of the olive [tree],
18 Do not boast against the [natural] branches. But if you boast, you are not bearing the
root, but the root bears you!
19 And perhaps you should say of the branches that were broken off, I will be grafted in
20 These [matters] are beautiful. They were broken off because they did not have trust,
but you stand, by trust. Do not be exalted in your mind, but fear:
21 For if Eloah did not spare the natural branches, perhaps He will also not spare you.
22 See then the gentleness and the harshness of Eloah: upon those who fell, harshness,
but upon you, gentleness, if, you remain in the gentleness. And if not, you will also be
23 And those, if they do not remain in their lack of trust, also will be grafted in: for Eloah
is able to graft them in again.
24 For if you, who are from the olive [tree] that was wild by your nature, were cut off and
were grafted--contrary to your nature--into the good olive [tree], how much more then,
those, if they be grafted in their natural olive [tree]?
25 For I want you to know this mystery, my brothers, so that you will not be wise in the
thought of your nefesh: that blindness of the heart, in part, has happened to Yisra'el until
the fullness of the Goyim should come,
26 And then all Yisra'el will have Life. Thus it is written, From Tziyon a Deliverer will
come, and turn iniquity from Ya'akov.
27 And then they will have the covenant that is from Me, when I forgive them their
sins. (Isaiah 59:20-21; 27:9)
The Aramaic for the phrase "fullness of the Goyim" (Rom. 11:25) could also be translated "multitude of nations" as we
read the blessing of Yoseph in Genesis:
18 And Yosef said unto his father, Not so, my father, for this is the firstborn: put your
right hand upon his head.
19 And his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it. He also shall become a
people, and he also shall be great. Howbeit, his younger brother shall be greater than he,
and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.
20 And he blessed them that day, saying, By you shall Yisra’el bless, saying, Elohim
make you as Efrayim and as M’nasheh, and he set Efrayim before M’nasheh.
(Gen. 48:18-20 HRV)
Now the uncultivated olive tree in Romans 11 is clearly therefore Ephraim and the cultivated olive tree is clearly that
of Judah. This prophecy tells us that branches from the tree/stick of Ephraim will be broken off and grafted into the
tree/stick of Judah, are to be fed by the root of the tree/stick of Judah and are not to boast against the natural
The Zohar also uses the imagery of being "grafted in" to describe a proselyte's being "grafted in" to Judah:
For this reason proselytes will no longer be admitted in the days of the Messiah (that is in the Messianic Kingdom). The Shekinah will be like a vine on which there cannot be grafted any shoot from another species, and Israel shall be “every tree pleasant to see”, and their former beauty shall be restored to them, of which we are told: “He cast from heaven to earth the beauty of Israel” (Lam. II, 1).
Romans 11 speaks to the branches from the Lost Ten Tribes of the House of Israel grafted into the House of Judah. The branches from the Lost Ten Tribes are directed to be fed by the root of the tree which represents the House of Judah. It important to note that there are two trees, one representing the House of Israel and one representing the House of Judah... two different trees have two different roots... the branches from the Ten Tribes are to be fed by the root of the House of Judah as opposed to the root of the House of Israel.
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