Nazarene Space

The Deity of Messiah
The Three Pillars of the Godhead

By James Scott Trimm

Part 1
The Deity of Messiah is Scriptural


There are several different positions that have to be dealt with in presenting the Deity of Messiah:

Judaic Anti-Deity Position - These reject the deity of Messiah because they insist it is contrary to Judaism. These are not persuaded by New Testament “proof texts”. They will dismiss such proof texts as invalid and even corruptions because they are supposedly not Jewish in theology. They will reject Tanak “proof texts” on the basis that Judaism supposedly does not understand the text that way.

Pure-Biblical Anti-Deity Position - These reject the deity of Messiah because they insist that it is contrary to Scripture. They are not persuaded by the demonstration that the doctrine is authentically Jewish. Many of these may actually look down upon Jewish tradition and especially Kabbalah.

Christian “Oneness” Theologians

Christian Orthodox Trinitarian Theologians

One finds oneself engaging on a debate on multiple fronts. Proving that the “New Testament” teaches the deity of Messiah to the “Judaic Anti-Deity” followers will generally only succeed in proving to their minds that the New Testament is in error. They must be shown that the teaching is authentically Jewish. However the “Pure-Biblical Anti-Deity” followers will misinterpret or misrepresent such arguments as “proof” that the doctrine is based only on extra-biblical sources and cannot be shown from the Scriptures themselves. And oftentimes single individuals will waffle between those two positions, not realizing their own inconsistency. All the while Orthodox Christian Trinitarians, Oneness Christians and others are raising their own issues along the way, which only serves to sidetrack the primary issue.

Therefore in order to deal with all of the issues in an organized manner this paper will be presented in five parts:

Part 1: The Deity of Messiah from the Scriptures

Part 2: The Deity of Messiah is Jewish

Part 3: Concerning Orthodox Trinitarian and Christian Oneness Theologies

Part 4: First Century Roots of the Kabbalistic Godhead Model

Part 5: Proof of the Ancient Nazarene Position

Part 1
The Deity of Messiah is Scriptural

Messiah as YHWH

The deity of Messiah is very easy to show from the Scriptures. The simplest way to show the deity of Messiah in the Scriptures is to point to instances where the “New Testament” quotes passages from the Tanak (“Old Testament”) and applies them to the Messiah.

For example in John 19:37, Zech. 12:10 is quoted:

But when they came to Yeshua, they saw that he was dead already
and did not break his legs.
But one of the soldiers stuck him in his side with a spear
and immediately blood and water came forth,…
For these things happened that the scripture might be fulfilled
which said, A bone of him will not be broken.(Ps. 34:21(20))
And again another scripture that said, They will look at him
whom they pierced. (Zech 12:10)

But now let us look at Zechariah 12:10 in context:

The burden of the word of YHWH concerning Israel.
The saying of YHWH, who stretched forth the heavens,
And laid the foundation of the earth,
And formed the spirit of man within him…
I will pour out upon the house of David,
And upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
The spirit of grace and supplication;
And they shall look at Me whom they pierced;
And they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only son….
(Zech. 12:1, 10)

The one being pierced in Jn. 19:37 is clearly Yeshua but the one being pierced in Zech. 12:10 is clearly YHWH.

Lets now look at the quotation of Is. 8:14 in Rom. 9:32:

Because it was not from faith but from “Works of the Law”,
for they stumbled at the stumbling stone.
(Rom. 9:32)

Now Paul is clearly referring here it Messiah, but lets now look at Is. 8:14 in context:

YHWH of hosts, Him shall you sanctify; and let Him be your
fear, and let Him be your dread. And He shall be for a sanctuary;
but for a stumbling stone and for a rock of offence
to both the houses of Israel…
(Is. 8:13-14)

Here it is clearly YHWH who is the “stumbling stone”.

OK now lets look at Phil. 2:10-11:

That at the name of Yeshua every knee will bow
that is in heaven or on earth and that is under the earth,
and every tongue will confess that Yeshua the Messiah is YHWH,
to the glory of Eloah the Father.

Here Paul clearly refer to Is. 45:23:

Thus says YHWH…
That unto Me every knee shall bow,
and every tongue shall swear.
(Is. 45:1, 23)

Clearly Paul applies a Tanak passage which clearly speaks of YHWH to the Messiah.

Now lets look at Rom. 10:9, 13:

And if you confess with your mouth our Adon Yeshua,
And you believe in your heart that Eloah raised him from the dead,
you will be saved. …
For all who will call on the name of YHWH will be saved.
(Rom. 10:9, 13)

Here Paul clearly quotes Joel 3:5 (2:32) but applies the passage to Yeshua despite the fact that Joel is clearly here speaking of YHWH.

There are several other examples: James 5:7 clearly speaks of the coming of Messiah as likened to the “former and latter rain” while in Hosea 6:3 this is clearly the coming of YHWH. Likewise Jude 1:14 & 1 Thes. 3:13 refer to the coming of Messiah yet quote 1Enoch 1:9 & Zech. 14:5 which clearly refer to the coming of YHWH. Finally in Mt. 22:41-46 Yeshua himself identifies himself with the “YHWH” at the right hand of “YHWH” in Ps. 110:1-2, 5.

The Three Pillars

Now in Romans 1:19-20 we are told that

what may be known of Elohim is manifest in them [mankind]
his invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood
by the things that are made, even his eternal power
and Godhead [or divine nature]..."

Then in Rom. 1:26-28 we are told that those who fail to perceive these things may fall into the errors of Homosexuality and Lesbianism. So when in creation were G-d's invisible attributes manifested in man and made clearly seen. The answer is in the Torah, in Gen. 1:26, 27 where we read:

Then Elohim said, "Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness...
So Elohim created man in His own image;
in the image of Elohim He created him;
male and female He created them.

Now following the parallelism of the passage, "Our image"; "Our likeness" and "male and female" appear to be parallel terms.

Now there are passages in the Tanak in which YHWH is referred to in a male, fatherly aspect:

…If then I be a Father, Where is My honor?…
Says YHWH of Hosts…
(Mal. 1:6)

…You, O YHWH, are our Father,…
(Is. 63:16)

But now O YHWH, You are our Father…
(Is. 64:7)

But there are also passages in the Tanak in which YHWH is referred to in a female, motherly aspect:

As one whom his Mother comforts,
so will I comfort you…
(Is. 66:13)

Now YHWH as a “Father” and YHWH as a “Mother” are clearly two DIFFERENT aspects of YHWH, they are not the same thing.

Moreover YHWH as an allegorical “Mother” is also YHWH as a “comforter” which is the same as the Holy Spirit:

…the comforter, the Holy Spirit, whom my Father will send in my name…
(Jn. 14:27 see also Jn. 14:16-17; 15:26 & 16:7)

Now just as YHWH is expressed as an allegorical “Father” and an allegorical “Mother”, the combination of these two aspects produce an allegorical “son”:

Who has ascended up into heaven, and descended?
Who has gathered the wind in his fists?
Who has bound the waters in his garment?
Who has established all the ends of the earth?
What is His name? And what is His Son’s name, if you know?
(Prov. 30:4)

The kings of the earth stand up,
and the rulers take counsel together,
against YHWH, and against His Messiah…
YHWH said to me: “You are My Son,”
This day have I begotten you…
Kiss the Son, lest he be angry…
(Ps. 2:2, 7, 12)

So now we have a Godhead which is the “image of Elohim” and is “male and female” expressing YHWH to us as a Father, a Mother and a Son.

Since the Son is the combination of the Father and Mother aspects of YHWH he is the fullness of the everlasting Godhead: “in him dwells the fullness of the Godhead” (Col. 2:9).

Thus the Messiah encompasses all the image of Elohim from which we were created:

…the Messiah, who is the likeness of Elohim.
(2Cor. 4:4)

[his Son] who is the image of the invisible Elohim…
(Col. 1:15)

[the Son] who is the radiance of his glory,
and the image of his being…
(Heb. 1:3)

And thus we can see all three aspects of the Godhead in passages like:

I, yes, I have spoken, indeed, I have called him,
I have brought him, and he will make his way succeed.
Come near to me and hear this: from the beginning
I have not spoken in [the] secret; from the time that she was,
there I am, and now ADONAI YHVH has sent me and his spirit.
(Is. 48:15-16 Original Bible Project preliminary edition)

Note the speaker is YHWH. Here we have:

1. YHWH the speaker.
2. ADONAI YHWH who sent Him.
3. "she" i.e. "his spirit"
("ruach" (spirit) is the only feminine word that "she" could refer to)

Another example of these three aspects is to be found in Hebrews 9:14:

How much more shall the blood of Messiah,
who through the eternal Spirit
offered himself without spot to Elohim,
purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living Elohim?

Here we again have three aspects:

1. The Messiah (who is YHWH)

2. The Spirit through which his blood is offered.
3. The Elohim to whom he offers himself.

These three aspects of the Godhead are called in the Aramaic “K’NUMEH” (plural) “K’NUMA” (singular) as we read in Yochanan (John) 5:26:

For the Father has life in his K’NUMA,
Thus he gave also the Son to have life in his K’NUMA.
(Jn. 5:26 from the Aramaic)

K’NUMA is an Aramaic word meaning “aspect, element, substance, essence”. The three aspects of the Godhead are three K’NUMEH but are only one YHWH.

ECHAD as a Unity

This brings us to the wording of the Sh’ma:

“Hear O Israel, YHWH, our Elohim, YHWH is one.”
(Deut. 6:4)

Let us examine other passages in the Torah to understand how this word ECHAD (“one”) is used in the Torah:

Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined
to his wife, and they shall become one [ECHAD] flesh.
(Gen. 2:24)

And YHWH said, “Indeed the people are one [ECHAD] and they
all have one language…
(Gen. 11:6)

Thus it is clear that the word ECHAD in no way requires a singularity and can refer to a composite unity. Thus Deut. 6:4 may be taken as referring to the absolute unity of the three K’NUMEH of Father, Mother (Holy Spirit Comforter) and Son (Messiah).

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Views: 777

Comment by sal munno on June 28, 2012 at 7:24am

Brother Trimm, this was a very palitable and thorough explanation on this particular simplistic but yet complex doctrine.  One thing I would like to add that was either left out or over looked by you is this, When YHWH said let us make man in our image, HE  then did but it was man first right, but potentially and later on we find that the woman was contained in the man before she was created afterwords but this still shows the duality of the initial creating of man in "OUR"image, does it not!  This proves the duality of the male female aspect of the godhead, if you will, which proves your study and share on this very aspect of a much overlooked truth youve revealed in this study!  blessings to you brother!

Sal Munno

Comment by michelleannearle(wisdom) on June 29, 2012 at 4:45am

YESHAYAHU( Isaiah) 43:10,11,12,13  "You are my witnesses," declares YHUH, "And My servant whom I have chosen, so that you know and believe Me, and understand that   I am He.  Before Me there was no Elohim formed, nor after Me there is none.   I, I am YHUH, and besides Me there is no saviour.I, I have declared and saved, and made known, and there was no foreign mighty one among you. And you are My witnesses," declares YHUH, " that I am Elohim. " Even from the day  I am He, and no one delivers out of My hand. I work, and who turns it back?"

Comment by michelleannearle(wisdom) on June 29, 2012 at 5:24am

ZEKARYAH ( Zechariah) 14:9  And YaHUaH shall be King over all the earth. In that day there shall be one YaHUaH, and His Name one.        Praise YAH !!!      DEBARIM(Deuteronomy) 6:4 Hear, O Yisra'el:YaHUaH our  Elohim, YaHUaH is one!         Praise Yah!!!        YESHAYAHU(Isaiah) 42:8  I am YaHUaH, that is My Name, and My esteem I do not give to another, nor My praise to idols.         It is written...

Comment by James Trimm on June 29, 2012 at 1:29pm

Thus says YHWH, King of Israel,
and his redeemer, YHWH of hosts:
I am the first and I am the last;
besides me there is no Elohim.
(Is. 44:6)

Interesting isn't it...?

Comment by michelleannearle(wisdom) on June 29, 2012 at 6:52pm

YOHANAN (John) 1:1-5 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with Elohim, and the Word was Elohim.He was in the beginning with Elohim.All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. ACTS 10:43 "To this One all the prophets bear witness, that through  His Name,    everyone believing in Him does receive forgiveness of sins."

Comment by michelleannearle(wisdom) on June 29, 2012 at 7:06pm

COLOSSIANS 1:15 He is the image of the invisible Elohim, the firstborn over all creation.

Comment by Cheryl Cutler on June 29, 2012 at 9:02pm

tough subject. I spent 3 1/2 years on the Godhead. It all comes down to- who do you worship? Everything else is open to debate.

Comment by michelleannearle(wisdom) on July 1, 2012 at 3:28am

We need to believe in YaHUaH what He says when He says He is one Elohim and there is no other Elohim besides Him. It is written, Philip.2:5-11 He says He came down from heaven in the form of a servant and came to be in the likeness of men... It is written,Col.1:15 YaHUsHa is the image of the invisible Elohim...It is written, 2Cor.3:17-18 YaHUaH is the Spirit... It is written, YHUH is the Spirit AND the Son YAHUSHA.Our Father YaHUaH is YaHUsHa in the flesh! And He is also the Spirit! It is written! YHUH is ONE!!!

Comment by Cheryl Cutler on July 2, 2012 at 9:25pm

Yeshua said "you shall worship Yahuah our Elohim and serve Him only." If you worship the Son of Yahuah or the Spirit of Yahuah (as a seperate person) you are breaking the first commandment. You may want to rethink the trinitarian doctrine that was started by the antisemetic Catholic church. Was Yeshua divine... define divine...does the the Messiah have to be God?

The Heavenly Father made it simple... total dependence on Him; for everything. Remember, Yeshua came to remove sin that seperates us from the Father restore our relationship with the Father.

By the way, I dont know why this comes up with my wifes name. My name is David

Comment by James Trimm on July 2, 2012 at 9:45pm

The Son and the Spirit are both called "YHWH" in the Scriptures.


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