Nazarene Space



The Genealogy of Messiah
by
James Scott Trimm



Anti-missionaries like Tovia Singer love to attack the genealogy of Yeshua.  The reason is that the genealogy of the Messiah is critical, and Yeshua fit these criteria perfectly.

The Tanak gives the following criteria for the genealogy of Messiah.

First off Messiah must be “seed” of Abraham:

19 And Elohim said: Nay, but Sarah your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call
his name Yitz’chak. And I will establish My covenant with him, for an everlasting
covenant for his seed after him.
(Gen. 17:19)

And he must descend from Isaac:

17 I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. There shall step forth a star out of Ya’akov, and a scepter shall rise out of Yisra’el, and shall smite through the corners of Mo’av, and break down all the sons of Shet.
(Num. 24:17)

And he must be of the Tribe of Judah:

10 The scepter shall not depart from Y’hudah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until Shiloh comes.  And unto him, shall the obedience of the peoples be.
(Gen. 49:10)

Who is this “Shiloh”?

This Gemara also asks “What is Messiah’s name?” Rabbi Shila offers the answer: “His name is Shiloh, for it is written, ‘until Shiloh comes.” (b.San. 98b)

The Targums (Onkelos, Pseudo-Jonathan and Yerushalmi) all have “until Messiah comes” in place of “until Shiloh comes”.

The word “Shiloh” has a gematria (numerical value) of 345 which is the same as the value of “HaShem” (“the name”) and El Shaddai. The phrase “Shiloh comes” has a gematria of 358 which is the same as the gematria for “Messiah and “Moses” (because the Messiah is “the prophet like Moses” (Deut. 18:18) (see my recent article A Prophet Like Moses http://nazarenespace.com/profiles/blogs/a-prophet-like-moses ). This is because “the name” of Messiah is imbedded in the phrase “until Shiloh comes.”

The Zohar says of Gen. 49:10:

…”the scepter” referring to the Messiah of the House of Judah,
and “the staff” to the Messiah of the House of Joseph.
“Until Shiloh comes”, this is Moses, the gematria of Shiloh
and Moses being the same [358].
(Zohar 1:25)
 
The word Shiloh, here, is spelt with both a yod and a he,
to allude to the holy supernal name, Yah,
by which the Shekinah shall rise…
(Zohar 1:237)

Thus the Zohar teaches us that in Genesis 49:10 we have the two Messiahs (or the two comings of Messiah) represented as a “scepter” and a “staff” which are one “Shiloh” and that the one “Shiloh” has Yah within him.

In my recent article “Lowly and Riding Upon an Ass” (http://nazarenespace.com/profiles/blogs/lowly-and-riding-upon-an-ass)  I show how all of this also connects to Messianic Prophecies in Gen. 49:11 and Zech. 9:9.  

Messiah must also be heir to David’s throne:

5 (9:6) For a child is born unto us, a son is given unto us, and the government is upon His shoulder: and His Name is called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty El, The
Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
6 (9:7) That the government may be increased, and of peace there be no end, upon the
throne of David and upon his kingdom: to establish it and to uphold it, through justice and through righteousness, from henceforth even forever. The zeal of YHWH Tzva’ot does perform this.
(Is. 9:5-6 (6-7))

In my recent article “Unto Us a Child is Born- Isaiah 9:6-7 and the Prophetic Perfect” (http://nazarenespace.com/profiles/blogs/unto-us-a-child-is-born-isa...) I demonstrated that this is also a Messianic prophecy.

Anti-missionaries have argued that Yeshua was not heir to David’s throne if he was not actually Joseph’s son (of course the claim of the Gospels is that Yeshua was born to Miriam without any earthly father).  This is actually a false claim, the throne can very clearly be passed by inheritance regardless of physical blood line.  In fact David himself inherited the throne from Saul without being of Saul’s bloodline.  David was the legitimate heir to Saul's throne, by way of his covenant with Jonathan (1Sam. chapters 18-20) which was how David legitimately obtained the throne.

Many anti-missionaries try to attack Yeshua’s genealogy by claiming that the genealogies in Matthew and Luke contradict one another.  In fact Matthew 1:1-18 gives Yeshua’s genealogy through his step-father/adopted father Joseph, while Luke 3:23-38 gives his genealogy through his mother Miriam.  We know this because the genealogy in Luke begins with “Yosef, the son of Heli” (Luke 3:23) – The Jerusalem Talmud mentions a certain Miriam who, in context, appears to be the mother of Yeshua, who is said to be the daughter of “Eli” (j.Hag. 77d & j.San. 25c)  The Aramaic “bar” like the Hebrew word "ben" normally means “son of” but is very ambiguous and can also refer to a “son in law a step son a servant a student or a follower." as is the case here (Yosef was the son of Ya’akov see Mt. 1:16) (The Greek has only "of" which is why the KJV has "son of" in italics, thus the Greek can also refer to a son-in-law).  

Matthew gives the genealogy of Yeshua through his “supposed” father (step father and adoptive father) Yosef, to establish Yeshua’s legal right to the throne of David, through Solomon.  Luke, on the other hand, gives Yeshua’s genealogy through his mother Miram, showing Messiah to also be the “seed of David” through David’s son Nathan (Lk. 3:23-38).   

This resolves the problem of the “curse of Jeconiah” (Jeremiah 22:24 - 29) though it may also be argued based on Hag. 2:23 that this curse had been reversed.

Tovia Singer and other anti-missionaries have claimed that the presence of Jeconiah in Yeshua’s genealogy disqualifies him from being Messiah due to the supposed “curse of Jeconiah” as we read in Jeremiah:

24  As I live, says YHWH, though Coniah the son of Yahuyakim king of Y’hudah were the signet upon My right hand, yet would I pluck you thence;
25  and I will give you into the hand of them that seek your     life, and into the hand of them of whom you are afraid, even into the hand of N’vukhadretzar king of Bavel, and into the hand of the Chaldeans.
26  And I will cast you out, and your mother that bore you, into another country, where you were not born; and there shall you die.
27  But to the land whereunto they long to return, there shall they not return.
28  Is this man Coniah a despised, broken image? Is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? Wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into the land which they know not?
29  O land, land, land, hear the word of YHWH.
(Jer. 22:24-29)

However if we look in the Book of Haggai we find that Elohim appears to have reversed this curse:

23  In that day, says YHWH Tzva’ot, will I take you, O Z’rubavel, My servant, the son of Shealtiel, says YHWH, and will make you as a signet; for I have chosen you, says YHWH Tzva’ot.'
(Haggai 2:23)

Note the use of the term “signet ring” in each passage.

The Talmud seems to agree with this concept that the curse was reversed.  It says:

Rab Judah said: Exile makes remission for three things, for it is written, Thus saith the Lord etc. He that abideth in this city shall die by the sword and by the famine and by the pestilence; but he that goeth out and falleth away to the Chaldeans who beseige you he shall live and his life shall be unto him for a prey. R. Johanan said: Exile atones for everything, for it is written, Thus saith the Lord, write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days, for no man of his seed shall prosper sitting upon the throne of David and ruling any more in Judah. Whereas after he [the king] was exiled, it is written, And the sons of Jechoniah, — the same is Assir — Shealtiel his son etc.33 [He was called] Assir,34 because his mother conceived him in prison. Shealtiel, because God did not plant him36 in the way that others are planted. We know by tradition that a woman cannot conceive in a standing position. [yet she did conceive standing. Another interpretation: Shealtiel, because God obtained [of the Heavenly court] absolution from His oath. Zerubbabel [was so called] because he was sown in Babylon. But [his real name was] Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah.

Footnotes:
33. I Ch. III, 17. Notwithstanding the curse that he should be childless and not prosper, after being exiled he was forgiven.
34. Which He had made, to punish Jechoniah with childlessness."
(Sanhedrin 37b - 38a, Soncino Talmud Edition)

Also the Midrash Rabba says:

. . . they made the Calf and deserved to be exterminated, and I would have thought that He would curse and destroy them, yet, no sooner had they repented, than the danger was  averted, And the Lord repented of the evil (ib. XXXII, 14).And  so in many places. For example, He said about Jekoniah:  For no man of his seed shall prosper (Jer. XXII, 30) and it says,  I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the nations... In that day, saith the Lord of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, My servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the Lord, and will make thee as a signet (Hag. II, 22 f.). Thus was annulled that which He had said to his forefather, viz. As I live, saith the Lord, though     Coniah the son of Jehoiakim King of Judah were the signet upon My right hand, yet I would pluck thee thence (Jer. XXII, 24).
(Numbers Rabbah XX:20)

And Midrash Pesikta Rabbati says:

R. Joshua ben Levi, however, argued as follows: Repentance sets aside the entire decree, and prayer half the decree. You find that it was so with Jeconiah, king of Judah. For the Holy One, blessed be He, swore in His anger, As I live, saith the Lord, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakhim king of Judah were the signet on a hand, yet by My right - note, as R. Meir said, that is was by His right hand that God swore - I would pluck thee hence (Jer. 22:24). And what was decreed against Jeconiah? That he die childless. As is said Write ye this man childless (Jer. 22:40). But as soon as he avowed penitence, the Holy One, blessed be He, set aside the decree, as is shown by Scripture's reference to The sons of Jeconiah - the same is Assir - Shealtiel his son, etc. (1 Chron 3:17). And Scripture says further: In that day . . .  will I take thee, O Zerubbabel . . .  the son of Shealtiel . . . and will make thee as a signet (Haggai 2:23). Behold, then, how penitence can set aside the entire decree!
(Pesikta Rabbati, Piska)

Anti-missionary Tovia Singer also attacks Yeshua’s genealogy in Matthew because three names are omitted in Matthew 1:8.  In Matt. 1:8 we read “Y’horam begat Uziyahu”  Here the names of three kings are omitted.  These are added back in Old Syriac (c), however they are clearly not part of the original text of Matthew, since verse 17 in Old Syriac (c) still counts only fourteen names.  

Once again Singer fails to use equal weights and measures, judging the Gospels by a stricter criteria than that which he applies to the Tanak.  The truth is that it was not unusual for ancient Hebrew genealogies to be abbreviated and omit names.  For example if we compare the genealogy of Ezra as given in Ezra 7:1-5 1 with that given in 1Chron. 6:4-15 we find that the later genealogy given in Ezra also has omitted names.

While anti-missionaries like Tovia Singer seek to attack Yeshua's genealogy, the truth is that Yeshua was the heir to the throne of David through Solomon by way of his step father Joseph as we see in Matthew 1 and was also the physical descendant of David through Nathan by way of his mother Miriam.  These genealogies demonstrate that Yeshua was in fact uniquely qualified as fulfilling the genealogical prophecies regarding the Messiah.

Some of you may be wondering why Tom Mitchel was standing in for me for this weeks Truth Talk Live.  The reason is that I was dealing with an emergency plumbing situation.

Friends we seriously need your financial support.  This month we have been recovering from low donations in January and February. Now our plumbing is backed up on the main line and will require a plumber with a roto-rooter to clear the line. This will cost between $100 and $200 that we just do not have right now. Now is the time to support this ministry with your tithes and offerings. Is this work worthy of your support?


To make a donation, go to http://www.nazarenespace.com, click on the Pay Pal box and give whatever you can afford. (You can also donate directly thru PayPal by sending paypal donations to donations@wnae.org . You can also mail donations to

Nazarene Judaism
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If everyone would do this, imagine what this ministry could accomplish.

James Trimm
Worldwide Nazarene Assembly of Elohim



Views: 1270

Comment by OLGA DALESSANDRO on March 25, 2012 at 11:58am

Mariam was a descendent of David. She came from the lineage of nathan, one of David's son. Solomon lost his kingship for his heirs because he had disobeyed Yahweh because of his lust for his foreign wives. If you read Luke chapter 3 verse 31, it tells you that nathan was the son of David.

Joseph now on the other hand came from the lineage of Solomon through the Rehaboam.which is told to us in the first chapter of Matthew verse 7.

So this proves that Yahshua was entitled to both the birthrite through His mother MIriam, and the sceptor through the lineage of Joseph. As far as the people in Jerusalem and the surrounding area knew, Yahshua was the son of Joseph the carpenter.

So Yahshua has the birthrite and the sceptor..... He is the true king of Israel through birth and through the lineage of kingship.

Comment by OLGA DALESSANDRO on March 25, 2012 at 3:55pm

Yahshua stated that if we do not have Him, we do not have the Father either. So, from what I preceive, The jews of Judah do not have Yahweh at his time. They may be keeping The legal part of Talmudic literature, an interpretation of the laws of the Scriptures, known as the Halacha, but that does not mean that they are being recognized by Yahweh.... They are doing just what Matthew 15:8 STATES: This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me:  and Isaiah 29:13---The Lord says: "These people come near to me with their mouth and honor me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me. Their worship of me is made up only of rules taught by men.

Comment by OLGA DALESSANDRO on March 25, 2012 at 7:50pm

Sorry, but your comment is wrong Ben Abraham. Number one, I am not a christian. I am a jew by birth. Second, are you denying what Isaiah stated? Prove me wrong with scriptures and not with the writings of the Talmud. I go by the written words of Yahweh through His prophets, and not the so called interpretations of the Pharisees and the scribes.

What about the verse that states: Jeremiah 8:8-----"'How can you say, "We are wise, for we have the law of the LORD," when actually the lying pen of the scribes has handled it falsely?

If you do not even believe the writings of the prophets chosen by Yahweh, then you are truly deceived by the lieing pens of the scribes.

Comment by OLGA DALESSANDRO on March 26, 2012 at 3:24pm

according to Jewish tradition, Rabbi Akiva announced that Ben Kochba was the true Messiah, even though none of the attributes of Ben Kochba coincided with the prophesy predictions of the Messiah that was given in the Old Testament by the Prophets that were chosen by Yahweh to write down the entire salvation plan of Yahweh which eventually lead to Yahshua the only begotten Son  of Yahweh.

When you read of Yahshua, He entered the city of JErusalem on Nissan 10, which coincides with the picking of the lamb for the Passover... For 4 days, Yahshua was amongst the family of Yah, in the city of JErusalem. Just like the lamb was penned up for 4 days by the elder of the household. Then on Nissan 14, Yahshua was pronounced innocent, when Pilot stated, I find no fault with this man, just like the lamb that had to be without spot of blemish that was to be killed for the passover. At the same time that the lambs were being killed with in the temple mount, Yahshua was killed, and He was killed by the priests, just as the lamb was killed by the priests within the temple.... He had to be buried before the time of the sunset, for on Nissan 14, at sunset, the feast of Unleaven Bread began and this is when the Passover meal commenced to be eaten.

NOne of these attributes could be also attributed to Ben Kochba, but yet, the high Priest of the Temple, in 135 A.D, pronounced and declared to all the people that Ben Kochba was the long awaited Messiah prophesied within the pages of the talmud.

When you do a study of Messiah Yahshua, and this false Messiah which was declared to be the true Messiah, Ben Kochba, I am amazed just how wrong the Jewish Priests were, and evidently they did not know the scriptures or understand the ramification of the truth declared within the scriptures, but yet to this day, even when all of the prophecies that has been fulfilled to this day concerning the Messiah, prove that Yahshua was the true Messiah, and still, the jews refuse to believe in what Yahweh had revealed to His prophets and even to the true followers of the apostles.

But we know, that in Romans chapter 11, we are told that the jews are in a slumber, and they have a spiritual veil covering their eyes, and they can not see the truth. But, when Messiah returns, then, they will cry and lament in sack cloth and ashes, and it is at this point that Yahweh will remove the veil, and they will see the Son of Yahweh in all of His glory, and this is when Yahweh will forgive them, and remember their sins no more.

I earnestly look forward to this day of redemption. And the children of Israel will once again have a relationship with Yahweh, through the Messiah, and they will once again retake their rightful place in the Kingdom of Yahweh that will be established here on the earth.

Remember, the New Kingdom Government of Yahweh will be established from Jerusalem, and the laws will proceed out of Zion and will permeate the entire earth. But first, the Jews will need to accept the one whom Yahweh had sent, and for the majority of them, this will happen only when Yahshua returns. Hallelu-Yah

Comment by Doug Ri on July 15, 2012 at 1:48pm

Anokiy,

"Then looking at Miriam's, it goes all the way back to Adam, son of God. Why Miriam's????"

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and HER SEED; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. (emphasis added in the form of all caps "HER SEED")

Concerning the prophecies in Jeremiah Israel was told to go captive and not to stay in Jerusalem but some wanted to stay and Yahweh told them as long as they did not go to EGypt they could stay but they all went to Egypt thus everyone who stayed in Jerusalem was utterly destroyed.

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