The Spanish Inquisition of 1481 established by Ferdinand and Isabella (Spanish monarchs during Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the New World) initiates the emergence of bureaucratic supremacy and racial idiosyncrasy against Jewish spiritual beliefs, African cultural ancestry and Indian zodiacal mysticism. This ecclesiastical court order instigated the horrifying acts of genocide all across America, the neutral attitude of Italy towards the outside world as portrayed through the cultural events of the Quattrocento (the artistic transition between the International Gothic period and the age of European Renaissance) and the sociopolitical upheaval of the French Revolution which successfully dissociated both men and women from an absolute monarchy of aristocrats who voted against the principles of enlightenment, democracy, individualism and citizenship.
Quattrocento lay at the storefront of what was to become the Italian Renaissance. Its international manifesto resembles a happening of cultural and artistic events during the 15th century which embraced the artistic styles of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance: a forefront collection of high-end individualism in the arts to promote the presence of a scientific, cultural, social and economic revolution in hope of preserving the Monarchy through Christianity.
Taboo & Exile
Christopher Columbus departure to discover the New World on August 3, 1492, marks the day on which Ferdinand and Isabella proclaim that the Jews of Spain either had to convert to Catholicism, depart from the country, or face death for defiance of the Monarch. In the coming years, Jews settled in the new Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Caribbean, where they believed that they would be safe from the Inquisition. Some took part in the conquest of the New World and Bernal Díaz del Castillo describes a number of executions of soldiers in Hernán Cortés's forces during the Conquest of Mexico because they were Jews. By the sixteenth century, fully functioning Jewish communities had organized in Brazil, Suriname, Curaçao, Jamaica, and Barbados. In addition, there were unorganized communities of Jews in the Spanish and Portuguese territories, where the Inquisition was active, including Cuba, Puerto Rico and Mexico, however, these Jews generally concealed their identity from the authorities.