The Special Creation Corollary
James Scott Trimm
(As I learned it from my late father James H. Trim)
My father taught me the following as a child, he passed away around 1985 when I was 17 years old.
The Special Creation of the Universe can be easily proven through the apparent conflict between the first two Laws of Thermodynamics.
The First Law of Thermodynamics
The first law of thermodynamics may be expressed as follows:
Increase in internal energy of a system equals heat supplied
to the system plus work done on the system.
In a thermodynamic cycle, the net heat supplied to the system must always equal the net work done by the system.
The net change in internal energy equals the energy that flows in as heat minus the energy that flows out as the work that the system performs on its environment. Work and heat are not defined as separately conserved quantities; they refer only to processes of exchange of energy.
From this law we may also conclude that the internal energy obeys the principle of conservation of energy which may be stated:
Energy can be neither created nor destroyed. It can only change forms.
In any process in an isolated system, the total energy remains the same.
The Second Law of Thermodynamics
The second law of thermodynamics states:
When two isolated systems in separate but nearby regions of space, each in thermodynamic equilibrium in itself (but not necessarily in equilibrium with each other at first) are at some time allowed to interact, breaking the isolation that separates the two systems, allowing them to exchange matter or energy, they will eventually reach a mutual thermodynamic equilibrium. The sum of the entropies of the initial, isolated systems is less than or equal to the entropy of the final combination of exchanging systems. In the process of reaching a new thermodynamic equilibrium, total entropy has increased, or at least has not decreased.
What is “entropy”? you might ask.
Entropy is the sum total of running down of the energy of the universe. The energy of the universe is distributed heterogeneously (unevenly) but when any energy flows, it always flows from an area of high intensity to an area of lower intensity. This means that the universe is working its way toward a homogenous (even) energy distribution of energy). The entropy of any closed system always increases and the overall entropy of the universe must increase forever to the maximum. When this occurs all energy will be equally at odds with itself and no work can happen. All of the hot stars, for example, will have dispelled their energy into cold space. No work can happen, no motion, nothing will ever “happen” again. For all practical purposes the universe will be dead.
The Creation Corollary
Now clearly the universe is not dead, work happens every day, and hot stars still pour out energy into cold space. Entropy is still on the increase and has not yet increased to the maximum. The universe therefore cannot be infinitely old, or else entropy would have already increased to the maximum.
If the universe is not infinitely old then the presence of matter and energy in the universe, prove that there was a time in the finite past in which the first law of thermodynamics was not true, a time at which matter and energy were in fact CREATED. This is an inescapable corollary of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the Special Creation Corollary which might be stated as follows:
If energy flows only from an area of high intensity to an area of low intensity,
and the distribution of energy in the universe remains heterogeneous,
then the universe is of finite age.
If the universe is of finite age and it contains matter and energy,
then the First Law of Thermodynamics and the Principle of Conservation of Energy
have not always been true, and at one time matter and energy were created.
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