Nazarene Space

The Word of YHWH Revealed Part 4: The True High Priest

By James Trimm


Philo makes a very interesting comment concerning the Torah command of the cities of refuge (Num. 35:6-28; Josh. 20:1-9). The Torah says:

And the assembly shall deliver the manslayer, out of the hand of the avenger of
blood, and the assembly shall restore him to his city of refuge, where he was fled. And he
shall dwell therein until the death of the High Priest, who was anointed with the Set-
Apart oil.
(Numbers 35:25)

Philo makes an interesting observation on this passage, he writes:

The fourth and last of the points which we proposed to discuss, is the appointing as a period for the return of the fugitives the death of the high priest, which, if taken in the literal sense, causes me great perplexity; for a very unequal punishment is imposed by this enactment on those who have done the very same things, since some will be in banishment for a longer time, and others for a shorter time; for some of the high priests live to a very old age, and others die very early, and some are appointed while young men, and others not until they are old. And again of those who are convicted of unintentional homicide, some have been banished at the beginning of the high priest's entrance into office, and some when the high priest has been at the very point of death. So that some are deprived of their country for a very long time, and others suffer the same infliction only for a day, if it chance to be so; after which they lift up their heads, and exult, and so return among those whose nearest relations have been slain by them. This difficult and scarcely explicable perplexity we may escape if we adopt the inner and allegorical explanation in accordance with natural philosophy. For we say that the high priest is not a man, but is the Word (Logos) of God, who has not only no participation in intentional errors, but none even in those which are involuntary.
(On Flight 106-108)

Philo thus concludes that the true High Priest is the Word (Logos). If we follow Philo’s logic through, then through the death of the Word, these exiles are set free.


Philo’s true “High Priest” (The Word) ties in well with a document found among the Dead Sea Scrolls known as The Melchizadek Document (11Q13). 11Q13 speaks of this Messiah as a figure called "Melchizedek." In this document Is. 61:2 is quoted with "Melchizedek" substituted for YHWH. Furthermore the terms EL and ELOHIM are in 11Q13 applied to the Melchizedek/Messiah figure.

11Q13 Col. 4-9 quotes Is. 61:1-2 but substitutes "the year of Melchizedek's favor" for "the year of YHWH's favor" thus identifying the Melchizedek figure with YHWH in this passage. 11Q13 goes on to say:

…as it is written about him [Melchizedek] in the Songs of David,
"ELOHIM has taken his place in the council of EL;
in the midst of the ELOHIM he holds judgment"
(Ps. 82:1) Scripture also says about him [Melchizedek],
"Over it take your seat in the highest heaven;
EL will judge the peoples" (Ps. 7:7-8)
(11Q13 Col. 10-11)

The text of 11Q13 goes on to apply the passage "Your ELOHIM reigns" (Is. 52:7) to Melchizedek finally concluding:

"Your ELOHIM" (Is. 52:7) is Melchizedek, who will deliver them from the power of Belial.
(11Q13 Col. 24-25)

The Melchizadek figure of 11Q13 would free the captives (Is. 61:1-2) and through the Day of Atonement will “atone for all the Sons of Light”.

In Hebrews 4:14-7:28 Paul argues that Messiah Yeshua (The Word of Jn. 1:1-3, 14) is the true High Priest and true Melchizadek making atonement for us in the heavenly Temple by his blood.


Philo also describes the Word (Logos) not only as the “Son” of the “Father” but as a PARACLETE who is “perfect in all virtue” and procures “forgiveness of sins” as well as a “supply of unlimited blessings”:

…the twelve stones arranged on the breast in four rows of three stones each, namely the logeum, being also an emblem of that reason (Logos, Word) which holds together and regulates the universe. For it was indispensable that the man who was consecrated to the Father of the world, should have as a paraclete, his son, the being most perfect in all virtue, to procure forgiveness of sins, and a supply of unlimited blessings;
(Life of Moses II, 133-134)

This Greek word (paraclete) is also a Hebrew and Aramaic word also appears in the Mishna:

He who does even a single religious duty
gets himself a good advocate (or comforter Hebrew: paraklita)
he who does even a single transgression
gets himself a prosecutor.
(m.Avot 4:11a)

And in the Talmud it is used to refer to the sin offering::

R. Simeon said: For what purpose does a sin-offering come? —
[You ask,] ‘for what purpose does a sin-offering come?’
Surely in order to make atonement! —
Rather, [the question is:]
Why does it come before the burnt-offering?
[Because it is] like an intercessor (paraklita) who enters
[to appease the King]: When the intercessor (paraklita)
has appeased [him], the gift follows.
(b.Zev. 7b)

The Jewish Dictionary states:

…The sin offering is like the parclete (paraklita) before God,
it interceded for man and is followed by another…
a thank offering for the pardon obtained…
the two daily burnt offerings are called ‘the two parcletes’…
Jewish Dictionary pp. 514-515

Now Yochanan, who identifies the Messiah as the Word (logos) in Jn. 1:1-3, 14 and Rev. 19:13 also says of Messiah:

1 My sons, I write these [things] to you, that you do not sin: and if someone should sin, we have an advocate (paraklita) with the Father, Yeshua the Messiah, the just [One].
2 For He is the propitiation for our sins, and not on behalf of ours only, but also on behalf of [the sins of] the whole world.
(1st Yochanan (John) 2:1)


With all of this in mind, it is no surprise that the Targums tell us that the Word (Aramaic: Memra) is the source of our salvation. Jacob called upon the Word for his salvation:

Our father Jacob said: "My soul does not wait for salvation such as that wrought by Gideon, the son of Joash, for that was but temporal; neither for a salvation like that of Samson, which was only transitory; but for that salvation which You have promised to come, through Your Word unto Your people, the children of Israel; for your salvation my soul hopes."
(Targum Jonathan Gen. 49:18)

That the Word of YHWH is the savior is expressed elsewhere in the Targums:

But Israel shall be saved by the Word of YHWH with an everlasting
salvation… By the Word of YHWH shall all the seed of Israel be justified…
(Targum Jonathan Is. 45:17, 25)

But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and I will save them by the Word of YHWH, their Elohim.
(Targum Jonathan Hosea 1:7)

It was, according to Targum Onkelos, this Word of YHWH that Abraham trusted in, by which he was justified:

And Abraham trusted in the Word [Memra] of YHWH, and He counted it to him for righteousness.
(Targum Onkelos Gen. 15:6)

Likewise Paul quotes Gen. 15:6 in Romans 4:3 and Galatians 3:6 to prove his point that we are justified by faith in the Messiah.


Now here is perhaps the most amazing thing, Philo believed “Word” (Logos) and the Messiah to be one and the same:

"The head of all things is the eternal Word (Logos) of the eternal God, under which, as if it were his feet or other limbs, is placed the whole world, over which He passes and firmly stands. Now it is not because Messiah is Lord that He passes and sits over the whole world, for His seat with His Father and God but because for its perfect fullness the world is in need of the care and superintendence of the best ordered dispensation, and for its own complete piety, of the Divine Word (Logos), just as living creatures (need) a head, without which it is impossible to live."
(Q&A on Exodus, II, 117)

And with all of this in mind, we should not be surprised to read in the Zohar concerning Messiah:

"In the Garden of Eden there is a hall that is called the "hall of the afflicted." Now it is into this hall that the Messiah goes and summons all the afflictions and pains and sufferings of Israel to come upon him. And so they all come upon him. And had he not eased the children of Israel of their sorrows, and taken their burden upon himself, there would be none who could endure the suffering of Israel in the penalty of neglecting the Torah. Thus it is written: "Surely our diseases he did bear and our pains he carried." (Is. 53:5) As long as the children of Israel dwelt in the Holy Land, they averted all afflictions and sufferings from the world by the service of the sanctuary and by sacrifice. But now it is the Messiah who is averting them from the habitants of the world,"
(Zohar 2:212a)

So there you have it. I have a few times failed to resist the temptation to crack open the “New Testament” simply for the purpose of showing a clear parallel, but using the works of Philo, the Dead Sea Scrolls and Rabbinic literature I have laid out the concept of the Word as I believe it existed in the first century.

The Word is:

* The Image of Elohim from which we were created
* The Middle Pillar of the Three Pillars of the Godhead, reconciling to opposing “powers” or “pillars” and thus encompassing all three.
* The Firstborn Son of Yah
* The true High Priest, Melchizadek, redeeming us through his death.
* The Paraklete procuring forgiveness for our sins.
* Our Savior
* The Messiah

All of these concepts about the “Word” existed in the Second Temple Era and were all packed into this concept of the “Word” (Logos/Memra). Maybe you thought you knew what Yochanan meant when he said:

In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God.
The same was in the beginning with God.
All things were made by him,
And without him was not any thing made that was made…
And the Word was made flesh,
and dwelt among us,
(and we beheld his glory,
the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,)
full of grace and truth.
(John 1:1-3, 14 KJV)


And he was clothed with a vesture,
dipped in blood: and his name is called
The Word of God.
(Rev. 19:13 KJV)

But now you really know what that meant in terms of Second Temple Era Judaism.

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James Scott Trimm
Worldwide Nazarene Assembly of Elohim

I truly want to thank each of you for the support that you give to us in order to present the truth of Torah and the goodnews of Messiah to this lost world. As I have said to you many times, I look on this work as a co-operative one with me, and all of you combining our resources together in order to get the job done of helping to teach this great truth to all in the world who will listen. Thank you so much from the bottom of my heart for your continued support, you are the ones who make it all possible by your contributions and your prayers for our work. I truly appreciate your help in every way.

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Views: 55

Comment by Angela L Davis on July 6, 2009 at 12:00am
If you think of it this way it works with all these insights of yours. If one could look at the Sun (safely) with only their bare eyes, we'd see a circle. Now the Sun is not a circle, we all know that now. But that's all we really can see. God is not a man, so if He decides to make man in His image He exactly that. But few understand what that image is. And remember, mankind was created first with what would be womankind stiill a part of him. And neither God's image nor mankind looks like a circle becasue it is not the image of the Sun we are made like, but the image of He who created all things, seen and unseen. But what would we see if we had eyes that could stand to look at God? Sooner or later we'd understand all that you've told us here. And even without you telling us. And how do I know what you say about the Logos is true except I know it, only have not seen it in words before. But it is the same Word. I can either see what Moses saw in the bush or real it and "see" it that way. Or, I can not "get it" at all. Or as many do, mis-understand it only all too well. The Image, the Word, God's Son, the High Priest, is not a circles shaped man, it is shaped like what mankind was made in the image of. Arms, a head, and the light that pours through that image is what man can know. It is so much brighter than the Sun. It is so much more than we will ever understand. Since God is so much more than any created thing, He can take His mouth, His voice, His Word, and form it into a human being, even beginning as men do in their begiinnings, in the womb. God is not at all confined to the limits of what human beings can do with their bodies. And so Yeshua was, even though God's Word had always been. To get through our minds that God's Word is alive. Not just words from Him and about HIm on sacred texts. Indeed, as John said about Yeshua, all things were made through that same Word of God that he also refers to as the Light, the one John the Baptizer recognized as the Lamb and we call Yeshua/Jesus. Again, since God is so much more than any created thing we can imagine, He could make His mouth, His voice, manifest as literally a man, a Messiah, His Son, and still be able to speak through others too. Such as the Baptizer, and Anna, and Simeon, and His written Torah already on the earth. No man has seen God's face because His glory is too bright. It's not that God does not have a face. It is that even with Yeshua now standing where he was before he came to earth as a man, the glory of God is still too bright for us. That is why Isaiah dispaired to see Him. And cried out how unclean he was. I find it very silly that so many of the Pentecostal persuasion divide the Holy One's qualities into this gift, or that one, a gift of tounges, or not. God is not divided. His holiness is never separate from His Love, from His Son, from His Spirit, from His perfect Justice, etc. Even if all you saw was Elohim, high and lifted up, shining in His glory, that very image, only that would so outshine any detailed beauty of the greatest angel no righteous one seeing it would ever make the error of falling down for an angel ever again. The least glimpse of Elohim blows the mind. Of course Yeshua is High Priest. Of course, he would be the Lord that even though the Son of David, David says "my Lord" to. It all makes perfect sense. He is the Door, the Way, the Light, the Life, High Priest, Messiah, King, and Prince of Peace, He is God's literal Word while taking not one thing from writtten Torah's glory. I miss him. I miss Him. And my flesh cries out just to ponder seeing him again. But no other way is wise. It is beyond stupidity to even consider not going with Him when He comes again. No one here needs me (or you, or any other human being) enough to not to go with HIm. What they really need is Him instead.
Comment by Brian Forbes on July 6, 2009 at 12:21pm
I suppose the written Torah being called "The Word" also has a history. I wonder what that history is.
Comment by James Trimm on July 6, 2009 at 1:14pm
Well there is Isaiah 1:10 and 2:3 for starters :-)
Comment by Brian Forbes on July 6, 2009 at 1:29pm
Looks like you preempted my question.
Comment by will brinson: ferguson on June 19, 2010 at 9:12am

I thank you for this very insightful view of “The Word of Eloah”. I hold True this as well.

I noticed that you said that “ 'The Word' is 'The Firstborn Son of Yah' ”.
Do you have a study made-up on “Iahu Iahueh [Yahu Yahweh]”.

It has been told to me that “Iahu” as well as “Iahu Iahueh [Yahu Yahweh]” is the Moshiach's Name before He was born upon this earth in the flesh as “Iahushua”(pronounced:ee-ah-oo-SHOO-ah) “The Only begotten Son of Iahueh (IAUE [YHWH] pronounced: ee-ah-oo-AY)”.

What’s your thoughts on this?

Your brother in Iahushua the Anointed One.
Comment by Rabbi Yochanan ben Avraham on July 8, 2010 at 2:33pm
I'd still like to see this supported by the Tanakh.

It seems to me that you are personalizing that which was not intended to be personalized (Memra) and based too much on that, and on the words of a Hellenistic Jew, and on drawing from the Kabbalah points not believed by Kabbalists.

We will all understand by and by.
Comment by Ezra Ben Yosef on July 16, 2010 at 2:56am
gershom sholem says in his commentary about basic concept of kabbalah that the memra is a real person and not a concept. Rabbi Trimm have right on this.
Comment by Rabbi Yochanan ben Avraham on July 16, 2010 at 2:01pm
When does Gershom Sholem say that?
Comment by Rabbi Yochanan ben Avraham on July 16, 2010 at 2:25pm
Gershom Scholem states:

...the memra-- the paraphrase used in the Targumim, the Aramaic Bible translations, to refer to God's word.

The memra is not merely a linguistic device for overcoming the problem of biblical anthropomorphisms; it has theological significance in its own right.

The a world-permeating force, a reality in the world of matter or mind, the emmanent aspect of Elohim, holding all things under its ominpresent way.

On the Mystical Shape of the Godhead: Basic Concepts in the Kabbalah, by Gershom Scholem pg 181-182:

This is what James and others do not understand about the Zohar and related texts. Anthropomorphic terms are used to describe transcendent realities and are not to be taken literally. The Word, the Ruach HaKodesh, the Shekhinah, etc. are not separate personages within a godhead. They reflect or emanate elements/aspects of the inconceivable Oneness for our comprehension. Taking Zohar literally would give us a minimum of 10 gods/goddess and actually several million.

This simply reflects a lack of understanding of the Zohar and the Kabbalah. It would be like citing Matthew 23:37 to "prove" that Y'shua is a hen and that the Jews are all chickens. We must distinguish between parable and metaphors.

Matthew 13:13 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.
13:14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive:
13:15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
13:16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear.

If one wishes to maintain Nicolaitan beliefs one will find scriptures that can be twisted to that end. If one wish to worship HaShem in spirit and in truth one will accept the determination of Shema:

שמע ישראל ה 'הוא האלוהים שלנו הוא אחד

Shema Yisrael Adonai Elohaynu Adonai Echad
"Hear Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One"



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