Nazarene Space

Sh'ma Yisrael Yahweh Elohaynu Yahweh Echad.

“Hear, Israel, Yahweh is our Elohim, Yahweh is One.”

(Deuteronomy 6:4)

                In the tenets of faith of Agudat Bris we declare, “We believe in "Ayn Sof," the Incomprehensible One, Eternal, Almighty, All Gracious, and All Wise Yahweh: Abba Father.

That the Father is the sole Master Designer of all creation, which was carried out through His Son at the beginning of His creation, Proverbs 8:22, 31; Revelation 3:14; Colossians 1:15-17.

The Heavenly Father's name as given in the original inspired Scripture is Yahweh, Psalm 68:4; Isaiah42:8; Jeremiah 16:21; and Yahweh is His name forever, Exodus 3:14-15; Isaiah 63:12; 66:5. His majestic name has been revealed to the entire family of Yahweh, Psalm 22:22; John 17:11; Ephesians 3:14-15.

He is the source of all power and authority, and all thanks and reverence is to be directed to Him, Matthew 4:10; 6:9; Colossians 1:12; James 1:17; 1Peter 2:5. Yahweh is spirit, John 4:24; and all worship centers on Him through His Son YahShua the Messiah, John 14:6, Ephesians 5:20.

We believe that He is the giver of life and He alone is Most High. He is worthy of exclusive devotion. Our allegiance is to Him and His Law, His will.”

Yahweh is real!  I will not begin this study with false humility apologizing for ignorance of the subject.  In J.L. Packer’s book, Knowing God,” he begins Chapter 2 this way, “I walked in the sunshine with a scholar who had effectively forfeited his prospects of academic advancement by clashing with church dignitaries over the gospel of grace.  “But it does not matter,” he said at length, “for I have known [Yahweh] and they haven’t.”

                We may know Yahweh for He is real! “…he who comes to Yahweh must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him. (Hebrews 11:6)”  How do I know that Yahweh is real?  I know that He is real because He has made Himself real to me.  “Draw near to Yahweh and He will draw near to you. (James 4:8)” “The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of Yahweh (Romans 8:16)” 

                Dr. A. B. Davidson says, “No attempt is made to demonstrate [Yahweh’s] existence because everywhere in the [Scriptures Yahweh] is set forth as known.  There appears to be no passage in the [Tanach] which represents men as reaching the knowledge of the existence of [Yahweh] through nature or events of Providence, although there are some passages which imply that false ideas of what [Yahweh] is may be corrected by the observation of nature and life…The [Tanach] as little thinks of arguing or providing that [Yahweh] may be known as it thinks of arguing that He exists.  How should men think of arguing that [Yahweh] could be known when they are persuaded that they knew Him, that they knew they were in fellowship with Him, when their consciousness and whole mind were filled and aglow with the thought of Him and when they knew His Spirit moved them, enlightened them and guided their whole history?  The idea of man reaching to knowledge or fellowship of [Yahweh] through his own efforts is wholly foreign to the {Tanach].  [Yahweh] speaks, He appears; man listens and beholds.  [Yahweh] brings Himself nigh unto man ; He enters into a Covenant or special relationship with them; He lays commands on them.  They receive Him when He approaches; they accept His will and obey His behests.  Moses and the prophets are nowhere represented as thoughtful minds reflecting on the Unseen and forming conclusions regarding it, or ascending to elevated conceptions of the Godhead.  The Unseen manifests Himself before them and they know it.”

Yahweh Exists

                “In the beginning Elohim…(Genesis 1:1)”  In Myer Pearlman’s (Pentecostal Doctrinarian and  Rabbi’s son) book, Knowing the Doctrines of the Bible,” he tells this story, “Said a young skeptic to an elderly lady, ‘I once believed in [Yahweh] but not now, since studying philosophy and mathematics, I am convinced that [Yahweh] is but an empty word.’ 

‘Well,’ said the lady, ‘It is true I have not learned these things, but since you have, can you tell me from whence this egg comes?’ 

‘Why, of course, from the hen,’ was his reply. 

‘And where does the hen come from?’ 

‘Why from the egg.’ 

Then the lady inquired, ‘May I ask which existed first, the hen or the egg?’ 

‘The hen of course,’ rejoined the young man. 

“Oh, then the hen must have existed without having come from an egg.’

 Oh no, I should have said the egg was first.’ 

‘Then I suppose you mean that one egg existed without coming from a hen.’ 

The young man hesitated: ‘Well, you see…that is…of course, well, the hen was first.’

‘Very well,’ said she, ‘Who made the first hen from which all succeeding eggs and hens come from?’ 

‘What do you mean by all of this?’ he asked

‘Simply this, ‘ she replied, ‘I say that He Who created the first egg or hen is the One Who created the world.  You cannot even explain the existence of a single hen or egg without [Yahweh] and yet you wish me to believe that you can explain the existence of the whole world without Him!’”  Creation demands a Creator.  The “Big Bang” demands an ignition.  When Moses expressed a need for credentials, Yahweh told him to tell the people that “I am hath sent thee.”  Yahweh expresses Himself as the “I am that I am! (Exodus 3:14)”  the Cause of all causes; the Root of all roots.   In other words, He is the “Big Bang!”

Yahweh exists even in the face of atheism.  I believe there are no true atheists, just liars.  Again I quote the story telling of Myer Pearlman, “It was November 1917, when the Bolsheviks overthrew the government of Kerensky and began the Reign of Terror.  Kerensky was staying at his mother’s house in constant fear of arrest.  The doorbell rang and the servant who answered brought back a card bearing the name of Prince Kropotkin – the father of Anarchism.  He entered and asked permission to examine the apartment.  There was nothing to do but comply, for he had the authority to make the search and even to requisition the house if he saw fit. 

‘My mother let him pass ahead, said [Kerensky], he entered one room then another without stopping, as if he had lived there before or knew the arrangement of the lodgings.  He entered the dining room, looked around, turned and worked his way to the room that was occupied by my mother.’

‘Oh, pardon me,’ my mother said when the Prince was going to open the door, ‘that is my bed room.’

He stopped for a moment before the door, looked at my mother, and then, as if embarrassed, with a faltering voice said, ‘Yes, yes – I know! Excuse me but I must enter this room.’

He put his right hand on the doorknob opening the door slowly, disappeared into the room shutting the door behind.

[Kerensky came out from hiding.]  ‘I was so excited by the Prince’s behavior that I was tempted to reprimand him.  I approached the room, flung open the door – suddenly I was rooted to the spot in disbelief.  Prince Kropotkin was kneeling…in the room of my mother…praying.  His kneeling figure, his ardent prayer made him appear humble as he whispered slowly the words of his prayer.  He was so absorbed that he did not noticed that he was not alone.  Suddenly in all my rage, my hatred for this man had evaporated as a fog under the rays of the sun.  I was so moved that I quietly closed the door.

Prince Kropotkin stayed in my mother’s room for about 20 minutes.  When he did come out, he came out as a child who had fallen into error, not raising his eyes as if acknowledging his fault – but smiling.  He came near to my mother, took her hand and kissed it and then said in a very low voice, ‘I thank you very much for allowing me to visit your house.  Don’t be angry with me…you see – in that room my mother died…it was a great solace for me being in her room again…thank you…thank you very much.’

His voice trembled.  His eyes were damp.  Quickly, he took his leave and disappeared.’

He was an anarchist, a revolutionary, and an atheist – but he prayed.  Was it not evident that he had only become an atheist only by crushing some of the deepest impulses of his soul?

Pascal says, ‘Atheism is a disease when a man loses faith in [Yahweh], it is not due to any argument (no matter how logically his denial may be stated) but to some inner disaster, betrayal, or neglect, or else some acid distilled in the soul has dissolved the “Pearl of Great Price.”’”

Yahweh As the Father of all Things – Creator

                Yahweh is the “Cause of all causes.”  George M. Grey says, “The universe as we picture it is a system of thousands and millions of galaxies – the Milky Way – is a star of medium size and moderate temperature, already yellowing into old age our sun…The sun is spinning a dizzy course towards the outer rim of the Milky Way at 12 miles per second, trailing the earth and all other planets with it and at the same time the Solar System is being swung in a gigantic arch at 200 miles per second as the Milky Way itself rotates…By photographing sections of the sky it is possible to take a census of the stars.  At Harvard College Observatory I saw the photograph, which includes the images of more than 200 Milky Ways – all recorded on a photographic plate of 14 x 17 inches.  It is estimated that the number of galaxies composing the universe is of the order of 500 million million.”

                Our minds have been programmed to expect an effect for every cause.  Thus, we can conclude that this vast universe must have a cause.  This “cause” we call Yahweh – the Creator.

                “And Elohim said…, "I AM WHO I AM." (Exodus 3:14)”  What Yahweh did at creation was step from concealment into manifestation.  The “Ayn Sof” or Infinite One, that exists without end; He who has no beginning and has no end, moved from the incompressible into something the can be grasped – Father.

                Yahweh, by virtue of creating is the Father.  “And [Messiah] said, "Abba, Father, all things are possible for You. (Mark 14:36)”  As Creator He is the "I AM WHO I AM,” Cause of all causes; the Root of all roots.  

It is said by our Sages that, “All comes from One and all returns to the One.”  The Messiah said, “I came forth from the Father and have come into the world. Again, I leave the world and go to the Father. (John 16:28)"  That means, the sin of braking Covenant with Yahweh is the sin of breaking the Law of Return.  The Messiah came into the world to restore the relationship between Yahweh and man. 

When man enters into Covenant with Yahweh, man is re-created.  “Therefore if any man be in Messiah, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new. (2 Corinthians 5:17)”  The restored man is made into “ben Yahweh,”  the son of Yahweh. 

“For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. (Romans 8:15)” 

“And because ye are sons, Yahweh hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. (Galatians 4:6)” 

“For the earnest expectation of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of Yahweh.  For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it in hope…For we know that the whole creation groans and labors with birth pangs together until now. Not only that, but we also who have the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly waiting for the adoption, the redemption of our body. (Romans 8:19,20,22,23)”

Because there is a creation we know there has to be a Creator.  William J. Bentley (expert in Photomicrography) said, “Of [Yahweh] it is said, ‘Great things doeth He (Job 37:5),’ which cannot be comprehended.  ‘For He says to the snow, "Fall on the earth (Job 37:6)"  Here I have been two days trying to draw after His pattern six snow crystals with pen and ink and I am dreadfully fatigued.  How easily He does it all!   ‘He says to the snow,’ He speaks and it is done.  Try to imagine how many millions of billions of snow crystals can fall on an acre of ground in an hour’s time and imagine if you can the staggering fact that each crystal bears an individuality all its own, a design and pattern without duplicate in this or any other storm.  “Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high, I cannot attain it. (Psalm 139:6)”  How can any thoughtful person in the presence of such evidence and handiwork of a designer Whose capabilities are measured only by infinity?  A[n Elohim] Who can do this, can do anything, even fashion and mold our lives into creations of beauty and symmetry.”

The Nature of Elohim

“There is but one living and true [Elohim], Who is infinite in being and perfection, a most pure Spirit, invisible, without body, parts, or passions, immutable, immense, eternal, incomprehensible, almighty, most wise, most holy, most free, most absolute, working all things according to the counsel of His own immutable and most righteous will, for His own glory; most loving, gracious, merciful, long-suffering, abundant in goodness and truth, forgiving iniquity, transgression and sin; the rewarder of them that diligently seek Him; and withal most just and terrible in His judgments; hating all sin and Who by no means clear the guilty (Westminster Catechism).”

                Yahweh is Spirit.  Emory Bancroft wrote in the book, “Elemental Theory,”  “[Yahweh] as Spirit is incorporeal, invisible, without material substance, without physical parts or passions and thereafter free from all temporal limitations.”

                The Messiah said, "Yahweh is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth. (John 4:24)"  Rabbi Shimon ben Yochai said, “…before HaShem created the [Messiah], He was alone, without form or similitude, hence there could be no cognition of Him (Raaiah Mehemna, Cremona pt. 2 col. 73).” 

 That is not to say, Yahweh has no substance. He is of a spiritual substance.  The Apostle, Rabbi Sha’ul said, “There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. (1 Corinthians 15:44)”  There is substance to spiritual beings.  Yahweh is neither material nor organic.  He is distinctly spiritual.

Some have sought to make Yahweh anthropomorphic.  They allude to scriptural passages that speak of body parts for Yahweh: arms (Deut. 33:27), eyes (Ps. 33:18), ears (2 Kgs. 19:16), mouth (Isa. 58:14), and nose (2 Sam. 22:7-17).  Robert Lightner writes, “Such expressions do not mean that [Yahweh] possesses these physical parts.  He is Spirit.  Rather, they mean that [Yahweh] is Spirit and eternal, he is capable of doing precisely the functions which are preformed by these physical properties in man.” 

Other passages call Yahweh by inhuman things: a rock (Ps. 18:31), a fortress (Ps. 91:2), with wings (Ps. 91:4).  So are we to believe that Yahweh is any one of these things?  No, but Yahweh is as strong as a rock, mighty as a fortress and if anyone has ever sensed the security of Yahweh it engulfs you like a hen gather her chicks.  Yahweh is Spirit.

The Attributes of Yahweh’s Being

Yahweh’s attributes of being declare Him a person.  Being a person, He has a personality.  Quoting from Robert Lightner again, “Personality involves existence with the power of self-consciousness and self-determination.  To be self-consciousness means to be able to be aware of one’s self among others.  It is more than mere consciousness. Even animals possess something, which makes them aware of things around them.  The brute however, is not able to objectify himself.  Man, in contrast to the brute, possesses both consciousness and self-consciousness.  Self-determination has to do with the ability to look to the future and prepare an intelligent course of action.  It also involves the power of choice.  The brute also has determination, but he does not have self-determination – the power to act from his own freewill and thus to determine his acts.  It is usually admitted that there are three elements of personality – intellect, emotion and will.”  So Yahweh has the quality of being that allows Him to think, feel and do.

Yahweh is intelligent. Yahweh has knowledge.

"Yahweh, Ellah of Elohim, Yahweh Ellah of Elohim, He knows… (Joshua 22:22)." 

"Would not Elohim search this out? For He knows the secrets of the heart. (Psalm 44:21)"

"For truly my words are not false; One who is perfect in knowledge is with you. (Job 36:4)"

"Do not fear, nor be afraid; have I not told you from that time, and declared it? You are My witnesses. Is there an Elohim besides Me? Indeed there is no other Rock; I know not one."' (Isaiah 44:8)" 

"Therefore do not be like them. For your Father knows the things you have need of before you ask Him. (Matthew 6:8)"

"[Messiah said]…Yahweh knows your hearts. For what is highly esteemed among men is an abomination in the sight of Yahweh. (Luke 16:15)" 

"… Yahweh, who knows the heart, acknowledged them by giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He did to us, and made no distinction between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith. (Acts 15:8,9)"  "For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren. (Romans 8:29)"

"Yahweh knows those who are His…Let everyone who names the name of Messiah depart from iniquity. (2 Timothy 2:19)"

"For if our heart condemns us, Yahweh is greater than our heart, and knows all things. (1 John 3:20)"

Yahweh has sensitivity.  Yahweh cares.

Rabbi Meir declared (Sanhedrin 46a): “At the time that a person suffers (for his sins), how does HaShem express His anguish (so to speak) for the suffering of that person? HaShem says, ‘I am burdened... I am burdened...’”

                “If HaShem is saddened by the suffering of a convicted felon (or a wicked evildoer), how much more so, then, is HaShem pained by the death of an innocent person! (RamBam commentary to the Mishnah, Sanhedrin 46a)”

"…humble yourselves under the mighty hand of Yahweh, that He may exalt you in due time, casting all your care upon Him, for He cares for you. (1 Peter 5:6,7)"

                Yahweh loves.

"For Yahweh so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. (John 3:16)"

                Yahweh hates.

“The boastful shall not stand in Your sight; You hate all workers of iniquity. (Psalm 5:5)”

“There are six things Yahweh hates,  the seventh is the abomination to His soul: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood, a heart that devises wicked schemes, feet that are quick to rush into evil, a false witness who pours out lies and a man who stirs up dissension among brothers. (Proverbs 6:16-19)”

“Everyone proud in heart is an abomination to Yahweh; though they join forces, none will go unpunished. (Proverbs 16:5)”

“…the perverse person is an abomination to Yahweh, but His secret counsel is with the upright. (Proverbs 3:32)”

                Yahweh grieves.

" For the hurt of the daughter of my people I am hurt. I am mourning. Astonishment has taken hold of me. Is there no balm in Gilead, Is there no physician there? Why then is there no recovery for the health of my people? Oh, that my head were waters, And my eyes a fountain of tears, That I might weep day and night for the slain of my people. (Jeremiah 8:21-9:1)"

                It says in the Talmud, that whenever a court executed anyone, HaShem cried. HaShem cried out, "My head hurts! My arm hurts! My head hurts!"

"Therefore I will weep bitterly for Jazer, for the vine of Sibmah. I will drench you with my tears, O Heshbon and Elealeh. For the shouting over your summer fruits and your harvest has fallen away. And gladness and joy are taken away from the fruitful field… For I have made the shouting to cease. Therefore my heart intones like a harp for Moab, and my inward feelings for Kir-hareseth. (Isaiah 16:9-11)"

                Yahweh exercises volition.  Yahweh has a definite will. 

                Rabbi Ashur ben David considered, “The Divine will as the aspect of the Divine Essence which alone was active at creation [Yahweh did not exert Himself at creation], and was implanted there by the power of Ayn Sof.  Communion with the Supreme Will was the final aim of prayer, for it was the source of life.”

“Your kingdom come. Your will be done on earth as it is in Heaven. (Matthew 6:10)”

                Anything that does not have a personality cannot be a person.  Yahweh has the quality of personality, which inheres in Him as a sentient being.  Yahweh is a person.  Yahweh’s intelligence, beneficence, justice and executiveness are manifest proofs of His existence, which, therefore prove His personality.

The Incorporeality of Yahweh

                Yahweh has no bodily form.  This should, however not take away from Him having qualities of a person in your mind.  Yes, there are many passages that seem to imply that Yahweh does have a body.  To answer this our Sages say, “We borrow terms from His creatures to apply to Him in order to assist in the understanding.”

                To prove this point the Talmud carries this analogy: “As the Holy One, blessed be He, fills the whole world, so also the soul fills the whole body.  As the Holy One, blessed be He, sees but cannot be seen, so also the soul sees but cannot be seen.  As the Holy One, blessed be He, nourishes the whole world, so also the soul nourishes the whole body.  As the Holy One, blessed be He, is pure, so also the soul of the righteous is pure.  As the Holy One, blessed be He, dwells in the innermost parts of the Universe, so also the soul dwells in the innermost parts of the body (Bereshit 10a)”

                This is not to say that Yahweh does not have substance for He does, Spirit.  When we speak of, “Yahweh is Spirit (John 4:24),” we mean He consists of spiritual substance. In that substance is the life essence for the Word says that Yahweh has “life in Himself (John 5:26).”  So the substance of Yahweh is the life principle.  Sustained life is His because He is immortal, He is incorruptible, and there is not waste in Him and no replenishment of life for He is life.

                To quote Myer Pearlman again, “Yahweh is Spirit (John 4:24).  [Yahweh] is Spirit with personality: He thinks, feels, speaks, and therefore can have direct communication with His creatures made in His image.  As a Spirit, [Yahweh] is not subject to the limitations to which possession of a body subjects human beings.  He does not possess bodily parts or passions, is composed of no material elements and is not subject to the conditions of natural existence. Hence, He cannot be seen with natural eyes or apprehended by natural senses.  This does not imply that [Yahweh] lives a shadowy, unsubstantial existence…[Yahweh] is a real person but of so infinite a nature that He cannot be fully apprehended by the human mind or adequately described by the human language.  ‘No one has seen Yahweh at any time, (John 1:18)’ ‘You cannot see My face; for no man shall see Me, and live. (Exodus 33:20), meaning no man has seen [Yahweh] as He is.  But we know that Spirit may be manifested in bodily form.  “When He had been immersed, YahShua came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of Yahweh descending like a dove and alighting upon Him. (Matthew 3:16)”  Therefore [Yahweh] can manifest Himself in a way that can be that can be apprehended by man.  [Yahweh] also describes His infinite personality in language understood by finite minds; therefore the Bible speaks of [Yahweh] having hands, arms, eyes, ears and describes Him seeing, feeling, hearing, repenting and so forth. But [Yahweh] is unsearchable and inscrutable.  ‘Can you search out the deep things of Yahweh? Can you find out the limits of the Almighty? (Job 11:7) and our answer must be, ‘[we] have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep. (John 4:11)’

So how did all these people see Him?  “The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has revealed Him. (John 1:18)” Yahweh can manifest Himself in a way that can be that can be apprehended by man and that form is the Adam Kadmon, His express image, Messiah.

“…Messiah, who is the image of Yahweh (2 Corinthians 4:4).”
“…in [Messiah] we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins. He is the image of the invisible Elohim, the firstborn over all creation.  For through Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. (Colossians 1:14-16)”

“…[Messiah] being the brightness of [Yahweh’s] glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high (Hebrews 1:3).”

The Spirituality of Yahweh

                Yahweh has a Spirit. 

“Teach me to do Your will, for You are my Elohim; Your Spirit is good. lead me in the land of uprightness. (Psalm 143:10)”

"Behold! My Servant whom I uphold, My Elect One … I have put My Spirit upon Him; He will bring forth justice to the Gentiles. (Isaiah 42:1)”

                Yahweh’s personal Spirit possess power (Eph. 1:19; 3:7,20; Heb. 1:3), truth (Ps. 91:4), faith & hope (Rom. 12:3; 1 Cor. 13:13), righteousness (Ps. 45:4), faithfulness (1 Cor. 10:3), knowledge & wisdom (Isa. 1:2; 1 Tim. 1:17), discernment (Heb. 4:12), eternity (Ps. 90), immutability (Heb. 6:17; Jam. 1:7), and holiness (Isa. 57:15).

                Yahweh has a soul.

“Now the just shall live by faith; but if anyone draws back, My soul has no pleasure in him. (Hebrews 10:38)”

“I will set My Tabernacle among you, and My soul shall not abhor you. (Leviticus 26:11)”

“Behold! My Servant whom I uphold, My Elect One in whom My soul delights! (Isaiah 42:1)”

                Yahweh’s soul is capable of feeling grief (Gen. 6:6; Jug. 10:16), anger (1 Kgs. 11:9), repentance (Gen. 6:6), jealousy (Ex. 20:5), hate (Prov. 6:16), love (John 3:16), pity (Ps. 103:13), joy (Neh. 8:10), peace (Phil. 4:7), longsuffering (Ex. 34:6; Num. 14:8; Ps. 86:15; Rom. 2:4, 9:12), mercy (Luk. 6:36; Jam. 5:11), graciousness (Ex. 34:6, 2 Chr. 30:9, Neh. 9:17; Ps. 103:8), compassion (Ps. 86:15, 111:4, 112:4, 145:8), gentleness (2 Sam. 22:36), goodness (Rom. 2:7), meekness (Ps. 45:11), kindness (Ps. 31:21), fellowship (1 John 1:1-7), pleasure and delight (Ps. 147:11).

The Self-existence of Yahweh

“Now to the King eternal (1 Timothy 1:17)”

It is in Yahweh’s very nature to exist. 

“For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself (John 5:26)”

"I AM WHO I AM. (Exodus 3:14)"

“For I raise My hand to heaven, and say, "As I live forever (Deuteronomy 32:40)”

"I am the First and I am the Last; besides Me there is no Elohim. (Isaiah 44:6)”

                Yahweh has eternity, by eternity I mean He has no beginning and no ending.  Both reason and Torah teach that Yahweh is eternal.  Yahweh is the first cause and therefore causeless which is to say eternal.  Eternity is the sublime characteristic in Yahweh’s being, which calls for our adoration and worship.

“The eternal Elohim is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms (Deuteronomy 33:27)”

“Behold, Elohim is great, and we do not know Him; nor can the number of His years be discovered. (Job 36:26)”

“Blessed be Yahweh Elohim of Israel from everlasting to everlasting! Amien and Amien. (Psalm 41:13)”

                The Rabbis teach this parable, “A king once entered the city and all the inhabitants came out to applaud him.  Their acclamation pleased him so much that he said to them, ‘Tomorrow I will erect various kinds of baths for you and provide for you a water conduit.’ He went away to sleep but never rose again.  Where is he or his promises?  But the Holy One, blessed be He, it is otherwise because He is Elohim Who lives and reigns forever.”

The Self-sufficiency of Yahweh

“I proclaim to you: Elohim, who made the world and everything in it, since He is Sovereign of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands. Nor is He worshiped with men's hands, as though He needed anything, since He gives to all life, breath, and all things. (Acts 17:23-25)”

                Yahweh is independent from any person, thing, or condition for His continued existence, happiness and well being. Yahweh is dependent on nothing but everything that exists is dependent on Him for continued existence to include His Son.  Yahweh needs nothing to support His existence. 

                His independence of man is seen in Job 35:6-8, “If you sin, what do you accomplish against Him? Or, if your transgressions are multiplied, what do you do to Him? If you are righteous, what do you give Him? Or what does He receive from your hand? Your wickedness affects a man such as you, and your righteousness a son of man. (Job 35:6-8)” 

Thus Yahweh is absolutely free of dependence.  He is the highest form of independence.

Yahweh is Immortal

“Now to the King eternal, immortal (1 Timothy 1:17)”

                Yahweh is immortal, which is to say death proof; “the Father has life in Himself (John 5:26).”  Yahweh is death impossible.  He stands in contrast to mortality.  Yahweh cannot die, “…the King eternal, immortal (1 Timothy 1:17)” Nothing can be done or withheld that will cause the death of Yahweh. 

Yahweh is Invisible

“Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, to Elohim who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amien. (1 Timothy 1:17)”

This invisibleness in Hebrew is call “afisgah,” the nothingness of Yahweh.  This nothingness is the barrier confronting the human condition when it reaches the limits of its capacity. There is a realm, which no created being can attain to, or intellectually comprehend which remains invisible defined as nothing.

                Yahweh shrouds Himself in nothing.  To the atheist looking to discredit Yahweh, he finds nothing.  Yahweh spiritually blinds him but to a person in Covenant with Yahweh, he has eyes to see, spiritually. 

                When I say invisible, I do not mean Yahweh cannot be seen by anyone at all because this would contradict the words of the Messiah, “Take heed that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that in heaven their angels always see the face of My Father who is in heaven. (Matthew 18:10)”  From this scripture we may conclude that Yahweh is invisible except to whom he manifests Himself to.  He has chosen to only show something of Himself in the spiritual realm of the afisgah.

                In Paul S.L. Johnson’s series, “Epiphany Studies in the Scriptures,” we read, “[Yahweh’s] invisibility is implied in the statement of Deuteronomy 4:15, ‘Take careful heed to yourselves, for you saw no form when Yahweh spoke to you at Horeb out of the midst of the fire.’  Likewise His invisibility is implied in the statement, ‘Yahweh said He would dwell in the dark cloud. (1 Kings 8:12)’

‘…the thick darkness where Elohim was (Exodus 20:21).’  Clearly, man’s inability to see Yahweh even while He is near is set forth in Job 9:11, ‘If He goes by me, I do not see Him; if He moves past, I do not perceive Him.’  How realistically this quality in Yahweh is described in Job 23:8,9, ‘Look, I go forward, but He is not there, and backward, but I cannot perceive Him; when He works on the left hand, I cannot behold Him; when He turns to the right hand, I cannot see Him.’ …John states it literally as a fact of man’s universal experience (John 1:18), “No one has seen Yahweh at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared (revealed) Him [to our eyes of understanding by His teachings].’  [YahShua] first states it literally as a fact of Israel’s universal experience (John 5:37), “And the Father Himself, who sent Me, has testified of Me. You have neither heard His voice at any time, nor seen His form.’  Then He later states it as man’s universal experience (John 6:46), ‘Not that anyone has seen the Father, except He who is from Elohim; He has seen the Father. (John 6:46)’  [Rabbi Sha’ul] uses the very term [Elohim] in several passages, ‘[Messiah] is the image of the invisible Elohim (Colossians 1:15)’ ‘Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, to Elohim who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amien. (1 Timothy 1:17)’ ‘[Moses] endured as seeing Him who is invisible. (Hebrews 11:27)’ These Scriptures one and all prove Yahweh to have invisibility…as one of His attributes of being.”

Yahweh is Infinite

                Yahweh has no limitations.  He is bound only by His nature and will.  “[Yahweh’s] infinity may be viewed in two ways.” Says Myer Pearlman, “(1) in relation to space.  [Yahweh is characterized by His immensity (1 Kings 8:27); that is, the nature of [Elohim] is equally to the whole of infinite space and to every part of it.  No part of existence is untouched by His presence and energy and no point of space escapes His influence.  ‘His center is everywhere, His circumference is nowhere.’  Yet we must not forget that in one particular place His presence and glory are revealed in an extraordinary manner; that place is Heaven.  (2) In relation to time [Yahweh] is eternal (Ex. 15:18; Deut. 33:27; Neh. 9:5; Ps. 90:2; Jer. 10:10; Rev. 4:8-10).  He has existed from eternity and will exist to eternity.  Past, present and future are present to His mind.  Being eternal, He is unchangeable – ‘the same yesterday, today, and forever (Hebrews 13:8).’  This is comforting truth to the believer, who may rest in confidence that, ‘The eternal Elohim is your refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms (Deuteronomy 33:27).’

"Yahweh Elohim of Israel, there is no Elohim in heaven above or on earth below like You, who keep Your covenant and mercy with Your servants who walk before You with all their hearts…But will Elohim indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain You. How much less this Temple which I have built! (1 Kings 8:23,27)”

“Can anyone hide himself in secret places, so I shall not see him?" says Yahweh; "Do I not fill heaven and earth?" says Yahweh. (Jeremiah 23:24)”

Echad – The Oneness of Yahweh

"Hear, O Israel: Yahweh our Elohim, Yahweh is echad (one)! (Deuteronomy 6:4; Isaiah 42:8; Mark 12:29; John 17:3; 1 Corinthians 8:4,6)”

                The conception of Yahweh as held by the Rabbis of Israel is monotheistic in its  strictest degree. Commentarying the Sh’ma in Deuteronomy 6:4 the Talmud says, “The Holy One, blessed be He, said to Israel, ‘My children everything I created in the universe I created in pairs – i.e. Heaven & earth, sun & moon, Adam & Chavah (Eve), this world and the world to come – but I am One and alone in the universe.’”

                Israel stood in contrast to the heathen Gentile nations.  Israel stood in contradiction to the heathen polytheism.  Emphasis was placed on the unity of Yahweh in defense of the two pressures from outside Israel bearing down on the people’s beliefs. 

                The first was idolatry, which the Rabbis pointed out was bringing about immoral living as one can see in polytheistic Babylon, Egypt, Greece, and Rome.  The idolater breaks the yoke of Yahweh’s law from off him…it is said, ‘He has no moral restraints…He who professes idolatry repudiates the Ten Commandments.”

                The second was the influence of gnosticism that reinterprets Yahweh in a polytheistic form. 

“The Minim asked Rabbi Simlai, ‘How many gods created the Universe?’

                He answered, ‘Let us consult the former days for it is written, “Ask now for the former days which were before thee, since that day Elohim created man upon the earth (Deuteronomy 4:32).”  It is not written here ‘created’ as a verb in the plural but a singular denoting therefore a singular subject.  The answer applies to Genesis 1:1.”  Rabbi Simlai said, ‘In every place where you find a test which is used by the Minim in support of their opinions, you will find the refutation by its side.’

                [The Minim] returned and asked him, ‘What of that which is written, “Let us make man in our image after our likeness (Genesis 1:26).”’

                [Rabbi Simlai] answered, ‘Read what follows; it is not said, ‘And gods created man in their image,’ but, ‘And Elohim created man in His own image.’

                When they had departed, [Rabbi Simlai’s] disciples said to him, ‘You have thrust them aside with a reed.’

                [The Minim] returned and asked [Rabbi Simlai], ‘What is that which is written, “Yahweh, the Ellah of Elohim, Yahweh, the Ellah of Elohim, He knoweth. (Joshua 22:22)”’

                [Rabbi Simlai] answered, ‘It is not written, “They know,” but “He knoweth.”’

                When [the Minim] had departed, [Rabbi Simlai’s] disciples came to him and said. ‘You have thrust them aside with a reed; what answer will you give us? 

                He said to them, ‘The three of them (Yahweh, Ellah of Elohim and He knoweth) are a divine name just as a person refers to a King as Basileus, Caesar and Augustus.’”

                By the term “Echad” we mean that quality of Yahweh whereby He is one.  Though He may have many qualities, divers operations and manifestations, in each of them and in all of them He is but one.  The reason why Yahweh has stressed this point is because of the wide spread prevalence of polytheism in the world of yesterday and today.  The religion of the heathen, Gentile world, ancient, medieval and modern has taught a plurality of gods, emphasizing among many three supreme deities.  Because He wanted to shield Israel from this idolatry, Yahweh over and over again emphasized the doctrine that He is but one and in the sense in which He is Elohim, there is no other.  Thus Yahweh overthrows the heathen belief that there is a trinity let alone a multiplicity of gods.

                The Holy Scriptures teaches Elohim’s unity.  “Hear, Israel, Yahweh is our Elohim, Yahweh is One.” (Deuteronomy 6:4)  One cannot misconstrue this simple message.  Our Elohim is one, period! 

“That all the people of the earth may know that Yahweh is Elohim and there is none else (1 Kings 8:60).”

                Yahweh lumps all together the concept of plural gods (Polytheism) with idolatry, “I am Yahweh (the Self-Existent One); that is My name and My glory (supremacy) will I not give to another (elohim), neither My praise to graven images (of Me or anyone else). (Isaiah 42:8)”

                King Messiah YahShua emphasizes this truth in John 17:3, “This is the [purpose] of eternal life, that they might know Thee, the only true (genuine and real) Elohim and YahShua the Messiah Whom Thou hast sent.” 

                Rabbi Sha’ul stresses the uniqueness of the “True Elohim” amongst the fakery of the heathen belief systems.  “There is none other Elohim but one; for though there be that which are called elohim, whether in Heaven or earth, as there be elohim many, and lords many but to us there is but one Elohim, the Father…and one Lord, YahShua the Messiah (1 Corinthians 8:4-6)”

                Separating the “express image” of Yahweh, the Messiah (Colossians 1:15) from the oneness of the Most High Yahweh (John 14:28) is seen in Galatians 3:20, “Now a mediator is not a mediator of one but Yahweh is one.”  If there is only one person in a transaction there can be no such thing as a person acting as a “go between” or a mediator; for a mediator implies that there are at least two other parties involved in the transaction between whom he acts as a mediator.  Now attach this scripture to another, 1 Timothy 2:5, “There is one Elohim and one mediator between Elohim and man [Messiah YahShua].”

                Rav Yakkov (James the Just), the brother of Rebbe YahShua and President of Israel in 50 CE, commends those who believe on the one true Elohim, “Thou believest that there is one Elohim; thou doest well (James 2:19).”

                Rabbi YaHudah (Jude), the other brother of Rebbe YahShua, writes, “To the only wise Elohim, our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and forever. Amein (Jude 25).”

                So, those closest to King Messiah YahShua, hearing His words and carrying of the Full Messianic Message understood the unity of Yahweh.

                The Word stresses mightily the concept of “Echad” – Yahweh, supreme above all others, Whom it is our privilege to make sovereign of our lives.  To this we must come to Him by the only way of access to Him, the Messiah; the one we know as Rebbe YahShua, His only begotten Son, the mediator between Elohim and man, our Lord and Saviour, express image of Yahweh, by repentance toward Yahweh, faith in King Messiah YahShua and entire consecration to Yahweh’s will accepting His Son as King Messiah over our very lives pledging allegiance to the Kingdom of Yahweh.  With those who surrender and do so, this only true Elohim enters into Covenant relations on the lines of an “oath bound covenant” (Genesis 22:16-18 & Hebrews 6:16-18).  After doing so, we can stand up to the challenge of the unity of Yahweh against all the heathen beliefs in polytheism.

“The Eternal One”

“That Abraham was the one who

mended the tear…

Between the world of men and

The Holy One blessed be He.

He brought people to the service of the living Elohim.

He began to mend the rent pieces.

 

You see, it was not so much that Abraham, our father

Understood that there was but one Elohim

But that he began to bring back His Presence.

To make us aware of the higher unity.

‘Don’t you see it,’ he would say

And we would see it – for a moment.

And then we would forget.

But this was enough to begin the return.

This was the real work of Abraham our father.

Our progenitor, who at one did the only thing to be

Done and thereby presaged our task as well.

 

So, the first Jew began being a Jew by mending the tear,

Restoring the intimate unity that we once

Shared with the Holy Ancient

One of Old.”

(Tanhuma Lekh Lekhs 2)

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