Nazarene Space

15: And you shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:
16: Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and you shall offer a new meat offering unto YHWH.
17: Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto YHWH.
(Lev. 23:15-17)

The Pharisaic system places the Firstfruits offering on the day after the first annual Sabbath during Unleavened Bread (thus always placing it on Nissan 16) and then counts forward always placing Shavuot on Sivan 6.

The Essene and Sadducean system places the Firstfruits offering on the day after the WEEKLY Sabbath that takes place during Unleavened Bread (thus always placing it on a Sunday) and counts forward always placing Shavuot on a Sunday as well.

One might ask, if the Pharisaic system is correct, why would the Torah not say simply that Shavuot is on the 6th of Sivan in the same form that it tells us on what days the other festivals are? The reason is because unlike the other festivals, Shavuot does not occur on a fixed day of the month.

There is a fatal flaw in the Pharisaic system. If you are counting seven Sabbaths, and you are counting from the 15th of Nissan as an annual sabbath, then would you not also
have to have counted the 21st of Nissan as a Sabbath? But then you would be counting seven Sabbaths, but six weeks... so the text can only be referring to the WEEKLY sabbath. If you start counting from the day after the WEKKLY Sabbath and are NOT counting annual Sabbaths, then and only then to you count seven sabbaths and seven weeks and then you would always end your count on a "Sunday". According to the Dead Sea Scrolls "THE TEMPLE SCROLL" that is how the Essenes counted it.

Finally if we follow the Essene system then Messiah, the firstfruits from the dead, was resurrected on the day of the firstfruits offering.

get ready for an outpouring of the Ruach HaKodesh!

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Views: 160

Comment by Liliana on May 26, 2009 at 7:45pm
Shalom! Finally! I can't understand why most messianic teachers insist in Shavuot according with traditions and not with the Scriptures! Baruj HaShem! Good for you! YHVH bless you, Liliana
Comment by Pearl on May 26, 2009 at 11:52pm
Your basic assumption is that the Sabbath is on Saturnday. There is another possibility that has not been considered.
Comment by James Trimm on May 26, 2009 at 11:58pm
Not according to the Tanak there isn't.
Comment by Ed on May 27, 2009 at 1:41pm
Mr. Trimm, you get my full support in this because you are definitely going by what YHWH distinctly directs us in His Tanakh. Amein! As long as we stay strictly to what our Creator teaches us, we cannot err! And He will be very pleased with us. So let us do continually what is right and good in His eyes, and He will give us our just reward for obedience. Our obedience to all of what YHWH teaches us from His Scriptures is the foundation of all of us living in true peace, with Him and with each other. So be it! Well done, James! -Ed
Comment by Jason Jordan on May 28, 2009 at 1:34am
Nice article. I wonder which one Messianic Jews follow?
Comment by YishaiMonty on May 28, 2009 at 4:02pm
Pearl, how could sabbath be on any other day then what scripture says?
Comment by James Trimm on May 31, 2009 at 3:22pm
1. Rabbinic Judaism is not the true representative of Judah (Nazarene Judaism is)
2. The staff is not the power to override the written Torah.
Comment by James Trimm on May 4, 2010 at 5:28pm
I am a supporter of the Pre-Hillel II Hebrew Calendar (very similar to the Rabbinic Calendar) however I agree with the Essene halachot concerning the issue of Shavuot, because the Pharisaic halacha does not square with the written Torah.
Comment by Shari Freeland on May 4, 2010 at 6:11pm
The Essene Calendar does have first fruits on a Sunday, however it is not DURING the week of unleavened bread, but AFTER. While all the calendrical documents found in the scrolls point firstfruits to that position by referencing which priest is serving at the time, scroll 4Q325 specifically places it by date (Essene calendar has each feast on a set date/day of the week each year). This is consistent with Leviticus 23, which is written chronologically and places the instructions for first fruits after both the first and last days of unleavened bread are instructed. To see the whole calendar graphically, visit . To see how this later reckoning of first fruits works with the crucifixion/resurrection timeline, see
Shalom in Yeshua, Shari
Comment by James Trimm on May 4, 2010 at 6:25pm
Obviously the Essenes had some other nuances, however the phrase "You shall count seven full weeks from the day on which you bring the sheaf of the wave offering. You are to count until the day after the Seventh Sabbath: count fifty days."
(Temple Scroll (11Q19-20) 18, 10-13)

I was only referring to their method of counting, and not their starting point, which Shari correctly states, followed the week of ULB entirely (which is not in keeping with the Written Torah).

This is also in keeping with the Sadducee method. The Pharisaic method of counting does not work.


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