Nazarene Space

Yitro – 10 Commandments and the 10 Sefirot

The parallel of the 10 commandments with the 10 Sefirot can be explained as follows:

 

Keter – I (AM)…

אָנֹכִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ

I am YHVH your God…(Ex 20:2)

 

The 1st commandment is about “faith” Emunah (אֱמוּנָה) in God. The gematria of the first word Anochi (אָנֹכִי) is 81, which is the gematria of the throne (כִּסֵּא).

The normative first person pronoun singular is Ani (אֲנִי), Anochi (אָנֹכִי) has an extra Kaf (כ), which alludes to the throne (כִּסֵּא).

Kaf (כ) also alludes to Keter (כֶּתֶר), which is the Crown, and the highest level of the Crown is faith according to Kabbalah.

The entire 10 commandments account (Ex 20:1-9) has 620 letters and 137 words in Hebrew, alluding to the Crown (כֶּתֶר) which has a gematria of 620, and the first three words of the 10 commandments “I am YHVH your God” (אָנֹכִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ) which has a gematria of 137. This comes to reveal that the 1st commandment of faith in God encapsulates the entire 10 commandments.

 

Chachmah – Thou shalt not make…

לֹא-תַעֲשֶׂה לְךָ פֶסֶל, וְכָל-תְּמוּנָה

Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image or any likeness…(Ex 20:4)

 

Faith in Hebrew is Emunah (אֱמוּנָה), i.e. to believe in a transcendent God without the form or body, the antithesis is worship in idols with tangible forms. When the first letter Alef (א)  of Emunah (אֱמוּנָה) is transposed to her “atbash” pair Tav (ת), the word is transformed to Temunah (תְּמוּנָה), which is the “likeness” in above verse.

The lust for idolatry corresponds to the Sefirah of Wisdom, which represents the first descent of the intangible to the tangible, for Wisdom is Esh (יֵשׁ), literally “something” tangible from the “nothingness” of the Crown.

 

Binah – Thou shalt not take…

לֹא תִשָּׂא אֶת-שֵׁם-יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לַשָּׁוְא

Thou shalt not take the name of the


LORD thy God in vain…(Ex 20:7)

 

To everything there are two dimensions: Chomer (essence) which is primary and Tzurah (form) is secondary.

As an example, wood is the Chomer (essence) until it is formed into a table, and the table is one of the many possible expressions (forms) of the wood as the essence.

A man does not call himself by names, except when he is called by others. His many names are the expressions of his essence by which he is known by others.

God has many names, which represent the different levels of descent and revelation. These names are the expressions of God but not the essence of God.

The essence of God is transcendent and beyond human comprehension, but that which can be known by man is expressed by names.

“Thou shalt not take the name of YHVH in vain” at the simple level is to not swear in the name of God falsely or use God’s name in mundane conversation without a purpose, based on the rabbinical understanding of the two appearances of Shav (שָּׁוְא).

At a deeper level, this is dealing with the different levels of revelation of God.

God is one and without gender, but relatively speaking the transcendent (encircling) aspect of God is masculine, and the emanating (in-filling) aspect of God is feminine, of which Shechinah (שְׁכִינָה) represents the lowest descent of God in the physical world.

Shechinah (שְׁכִינָה), literally means “indwelling”, is essentially the Spirit of God, for God dwells in man through the Spirit.

Shechinah

שְׁכִינָה

385

Spirit of God

רוּחַ יְהוָה

240

 

 

625

 

625 is exactly the gematria of “Holy Spirit” in Aramaic (רוּחַ קוּדְשָׁא), Ruach Kudsha.

Hence do not take the name of God in vain can also be understood as do not blasphemy the Holy Spirit (Mat 12:32).

Shechinah is called Mother of Understanding, this is the Sefirah of Binah.

 

Chesed – Thou shalt not commit adultery

לֹא תִנְאָף

Thou shalt not commit adultery.…(Ex 20:12)

 

Committing adultery corresponds to the Sefirah of Chesed, meaning Loving Kindness. Love has certain boundaries, and the unrestrained love toward other man’s wife is adultery, for this reason Chesed (חֶסֶד) also means sexual immorality, as it is written:

וְאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר-יִקַּח אֶת-אֲחֹתוֹ בַּת-אָבִיו אוֹ בַת-אִמּוֹ וְרָאָה אֶת-עֶרְוָתָהּ וְהִיא-תִרְאֶה אֶת-עֶרְוָתוֹ, חֶסֶד הוּא

And if a man shall take his sister, his father's daughter, or his mother's daughter, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness; it is a wicked thing…(Lev 20:17)

 

The “wicked thing” in above verse is Chesed (חֶסֶד), literally means loving-kindness. Too much outpouring love without restriction leads to sexual immoralities.

 

Gevurah – Thou shalt not kill

לֹא תִרְצָח

Thou shalt not kill.…

 

Killing (or murder) is shedding the blood which corresponds to Gevurah (גְּבוּרָה), the severity.

 

Tiferet – Thou shalt not Steal

לֹא תִגְנֹב

Thou shalt not steal

 

Stealing is the antithesis to the honor of man, which corresponds to Tiferet (תִּפְאֶרֶת), meaning the beauty of man which is the image of God. Rabbincially, this commandment is understood as kidnapping (i.e. stealing another man), with man corresponding to the Sefirah of Tiferet.

At the simple level, stealing here means stealing other people’s property, but rabbinically, this is understood as kidnapping. The rational is that stealing is not a capital sin but kidnapping is (Ex 21:16), hence this commandment is about kidnapping to be in line with the two preceding prohibitions (adultery and murder) which are punishable by death.

 

Netzach – Thou shalt not bear false witness

לֹא-תַעֲנֶה בְרֵעֲךָ עֵד שָׁקֶר

Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

 

Falsehood (שָׁקֶר) will not stand forever, hence falsehood is the antithesis to Netzach (נֵצַח), which means victory and eternity.

 

Hod  – Honor thy father and mother

כַּבֵּד אֶת-אָבִיךָ, וְאֶת-אִמֶּךָ

Honour thy father and thy mother.…(Ex 20:12)

 

This is the Sefirah of Hod (הוֹד), meaning praise and thanks-giving as due to the parents at the simple level.

At another level, father is God, for God is called our father (אָבִינוּ), and mother is Knesset Israel (כְּנֶסֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל), the Assembly of Israel.  Kabbalistically this means the totality of all the redeemed souls, the same concept is called “the general assembly and the church of the firstborn” in the Book of Hebrew 12:22. Knesset Israel is used synonymously with Shechinah (שְׁכִינָה).

This accords with the Kabbalistic dictum that “Binah extends until Hod”, in that the Sefirah of Hod expresses and reflects all the five emotions of the heart from Chesed,Gevurah, Tiferet, Netzach to Hod.

The gematria of Hod (הוֹד) is 15, which is exactly the triangle number of 5, i.e. the 5 emotional attributes.

Knesset Israel is symbolically represented by the four mothers of the Children of Israel:

Sarah

שָׂרָה

505

Rivkah

רִבְקָה

307

Leah

לֵאָה

36

Rachel

רָחֵל

238

 

 

1086

 

Astonishingly, 1086 is exactly the gematria of Knesset Israel in Hod (praise and thanks-giving):

Knesset Israel

כְּנֶסֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל

1071

Hod

הוֹד

15

 

 

1086

 

 

Yesod – Thou shalt not covet

לֹא תַחְמֹד

Thou shalt not covet…

 

Yesod (יְסוֹד) means foundation, this is the attribute of providing sustenance to the Bride, the antithesis of which is of course coveting after other’s possessions.

In the same way that Yesod is the extension of Tiferet, so is “covetousness” the cause of “stealing”.

 

Malchut – Remember the Shabbat

זָכוֹר אֶת-יוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת, לְקַדְּשׁוֹ

Remember the sabbath day, to keep it


holy.…(Ex 20:8)

 

Shabbat is the 7th daughter obviously corresponds to Malchut (מַלְכוּת), the Kingdom, the 7th emotional Sefirah, and both Shabbat and Malchut are called the Bride.

 

The Name of God

The 10 commandments also allude to the name of God YHVH:

1

Keter

I (AM)

אָנֹכִי

81

2

Chachmah

Thou shalt not make…

לֹא-תַעֲשֶׂה

806

3

Binah

Thou shalt not  take…

לֹא תִשָּׂא

732

4

Chesed

Thou shalt not commit adultery…

לֹא תִנְאָף

562

5

Gevurah

Thou shalt not murder…

לֹא תִרְצָח

729

6

Tiferet

Thou shalt not steal…

לֹא תִגְנֹב

486

7

Netzach

Thou shalt not bear false witness…

לֹא-תַעֲנֶה

556

8

Hod

Honor thy father and mother…

כַּבֵּד אֶת-אָבִיךָ, וְאֶת-אִמֶּךָ

928

9

Yesod

Thou shalt not covet…

לֹא תַחְמֹד

483

10

Malchut

Remember the Shabbat…

זָכוֹר אֶת-יוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת

1397

 

 

 

 

6760

 

The average number of 6760 / 10 = 676, which is exactly 26 squared, the gematria of the YHVH (יְהוָה).

 

10 Utterances, 10 Plagues and 10 Sefirot

God created the world with 10 utterances, Egypt was destroyed by 10 plagues, and Torah was encapsulated in 10 commandments.

The 10 plagues represent the destruction to the created orders, hence the parallel is out of the order, in that the 1st utterance parallels the 10th plague.

The 1st word in the creation account is Bereshit (in the beginning), the 10th plague is the killing of the first-born, and the 1st word in 10 commandments is Anochi (I am), when these three words are joined together, it reads:

בְּרֵאשִׁית בְּכוֹר אָנֹכִי

I am the first-born of the creation

 

This accords with Colossians 1:15: that Mashiach is the ”first-born of every creature”, the gematria of these three words is 1222 = 611 x 2, alluding to the 2 aspects of Torah (תּוֹרָה) whose gematria is 611, i.e. the concealed Torah which is Mashiach and the revealed Torah which are the commandments.

1222 is also the product of 26 x 47, where 26 is the gematria of YHVH, and 47 is the gematria of Bitul (בִּטּוּל), self-nullification, i.e. the concept of “tzimtzum”, in that God descends and humbles himself through the act of creation.

Similarly, the last word of the creation account (Gen 2:3) is “to do” (לַעֲשׂוֹת), the 1st plague is blood (דָם), and the last word of the 10 commandment is “to your neighbor” (לְרֵעֶךָ), when these three words are joined together, it reads:

לַעֲשׂוֹת דָם לְרֵעֶךָ

To do (his will of shedding) the blood for your neighbor

 

The gematria is 1170 = 26 x 45, representing the God-Man duality, for 26 is the gematria of YHVH, and 45 is the gematria of Man (אָדָם), hence Mashiach is called both the Son of God and the Son of Man.

The difference in gematria is 1222 – 1170 = 52, the gematria of son (בֵּן), which is the ordinal number (13+21+10+8) of Mashiach (מָּשִׁיחַ).

 

The Secret of the 10 Sefirot

The 10 Sefirot (Sephirot) is commonly translated as the 10 Emanations (of light), which essentially represent the 10 steps of the descent of Divinity, the sum of the gematria is 2868:

1

Keter

כֶּתֶר

620

2

Chachmah

חָכְמָה

73

3

Binah

בִּינָה

67

4

Chesed

חֶסֶד

72

5

Gevurah

גְּבוּרָה

216

6

Tiferet

תִּפְאֶרֶת

1081

7

Netzach

נֵצַח

148

8

Hod

הוֹד

15

9

Yesod

יְסוֹד

80

10

Malchut

מַלְכוּת

496

 

 

 

2868

 

The singular form of Sefirot (סְפִירוֹת) is Sefirah (סְפִירָה), which is etymologically the origin of the English word Sphere.

If the 10 Sefirot is the circumference, then her diameter in the closest integer is exactly the first word of creation Bereshit (בְּרֵאשִׁית) which is 913 in gematria:

2868 / 913 = 3.14…

314 is the gematria of Shadai (שַׁדַי), one of the names of God that means: enough, for when God speaks the world into existence it keeps expanding until God says: enough, according to rabbinical tradition.

The 10 Sefirot is typically broken into 3 upper intellectual attributes and 7 lower emotional attributes.

  • If 3 is the diameter, then the circumference in the closest integer is 10, this is the 10 utterances in creation;

  • If 7 is the diameter, then the circumference in the closest integer is 22, this is the 22 Hebrew letters used as the building blocks in creation.

Together the 3 + 7 Sefirot form into 32 (10+22) paths of wisdom, corresponding to the 32 appearances of Elohim (אֱלֹהִים) in the creation account (Gen 1:1-2:3).

The first two words of 10 commandments is Anochi YHVH (אָנֹכִי יְהוָה), I am YHVH. The gematria of these two words is 81 and 26 respectively. If Anochi (I Am) is the circumference, then the diameter in the closest integer is exactly 26, the gematria of YHVH.

The Sefirot is known as the “tree of life”, which is also the image of man (for man is the tree of the field), which is known as Adam Kadmon (אָדָם קַדְמוֹן), or Primordial Man, the gematria is 245.

There are 12 branches to the “tree of life”, corresponding to the 12 Tribes of Israel. The gematria of “tree of life” plus her 12 (branches) is 245, exactly the gematria of the Primordial Man:

Tree of life

עֵץ הַחַיִּים

233

12 branches

 

12

 

 

245

 

The “tree of life” (עֵץ הַחַיִּים) has the same gematria as the “Light of YHVH” (אוֹר יְהוָה), the ray of light is symbolized by the letter Vav (ו), the form of an upright man whose gematria is 6.

When “tree of life” first appears in Torah (וְעֵץ הַחַיִּים), it is prefixed with a Vav, alluding to the Primordial Man, rendering the gematria as 239, multiplied by her 12 branches, the gematria is exactly 2868, the sum of the 10 Sefirot.

The mirror image of 239 is 932, which is exactly the gematria of “tree of knowledge of good and evil” (עֵץ הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרָע).

The gematria of “tree of knowledge of good and evil and the tree of life” therefore is 932 + 239 = 1171, which is exactly the Primordial Number[1] of Yeshu (יֵשׁוּ) spelled defectively missing the final letter Ayin.

The difference between the two names of Yeshua in Primordial Number is therefore 160:

Yeshua (יֵשׁוּעַ) in Primordial Number

1331

Yeshu (יֵשׁוּ) in Primordial Number

(1171)

 

160

 

160 is exactly the gematria of “tree” (עֵץ), and of course 160 is also the Primordial Number of letter Ayin (ע), i.e. the sum of all gematria from Alef to Ayin, the final letter of Yeshua that was given to the 70 nations by dying on the tree. This accords with some rabbinical opinions that the “tree of life” and the “tree of the knowledge of good and evil” is in fact one and the same tree. This tree is further elucidated in the New Testament as the cross that was used to transform bitterness to sweetness as discussed last week.

The secret of the ray of light is Tzimtzum in Kabbalah, literally means “contraction” by which God humbles himself in creation. The Hebrew for the “ray” of light is Kav (קָו), the gematria is 106, which is the Primordial Number of YHVH, i.e. the descent of YHVH in the light, which is Mashiach.

106 is also the gematria of “Like God” (כֵּאלֹהִים), for man was created in the image of God and man should strive to emulate God in kindness and good deeds.

The misuse of this attribute corrupts man to the level of beast, for when the sofit for Mem (600) is used to calculate the gematria of “Like God” (כֵּאלֹהִים), the new gematria is exactly 666, the number of the beast.

The correct use of this attribute is made possible by the 10 Sefirot, the Hebrew is עַשָׂרָה סְפִירוֹת, the gematria is 1331, exactly the gematria of Mashiach in Primordial Number.

If 1331 is the circumference, the diameter in the closest integer is 424, the gematria of Mashiach ben David (מָּשִׁיחַ בֶּן דָּוִד).

This comes to teach us that the design of the 10 Sefirot is fashioned after Mashiach, who is known as the Primordial Man, the Light, the tree of life, and the living Torah as encapsulated in the 10 commandments.



[1] The Primordial Number of a letter is the sum of all letters from Alef to itself.

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