Yom HaKippurim, Celebration, and Proof of the Dawn to Dawn Day.
© Chris Schaefer 2014
26 And YHWH spoke to Musa, saying,
27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month
there shall be Yom Kippurim: it shall be a miqra
kodesh3 to you;
and you shall AFFLICT YOUR SOULS,
andoffer an offering made by fire to YHWH.
28 And you shall do no work in that same day:4
for it is a Yom Kippurim (Day of Atonements), to make
kapporah5 for you before YHWH Your POWER.
29 For whatsoeverSOUL it be that shall not be
AFFLICTED in that same day, he shall be cut off from
among his people.
30 And whatsoever soul it be that does any work in
that same day, the same soul will I destroy from
among his people.2
31 You shall do no manner of work: it shall be a
statute forever3 throughout your generations in all
32 It shall be to you A set-apart SABBATH and you
shall AFFLICT YOUR SOULS:
in the NINTH DAY OF THE MONTH AT EVENING,
FROM EVENING TO EVENING
shall you CELEBRATE YOUR SABBATH.
What can be gleaned from this passage?
1. Evening IS darkness. The darkness of EVENING is identified with the NUMBER OF A DAY, in this case, the DAY OF the 9th. Therefore the meaning of DAY in verse 32 is NOT merely “daytime”, but rather IS a FULL 24 hours.
2. The Afflicting of one’s soul begins at the beginning of EVENING on the NINTH on the 7th month.
3.Because EVENING BEGINS while it is still the NINTH, therefore the day of the 10th can NOT begin at sunset or dark, because EVENING is still on the Ninth. Thus the Beginning of the 10th starts after the EVENING of the 9th HAS ENDED-- presumably when dark ends on DAWN on the 10th.
4. Since the AFFLICTING OF ONE’S soul goes from EVENING TO EVEINING, then it is safe to say that said AFFLICTION is to last at least 24 hours.
5. The AFFLICTING OF ONE’S SOUL is an IDIOM that apparently the people already understood as a full fast, but this IDIOM is not defined in the Torah.
6. The people are to CELEBRATE Yom HaKippurim. How can one CELEBRATE, if one is AFFLICTING One’s Soul? Granted, Yahusha said we should not difigure our facess and deliberately look all gloomy when fasting, but CELEBRATING is a whole different.
7. In summation, the fast begins approximately at the beginning of the last third of the day of the 9th and the fast ends after the first two thirds of the day of the 10th have concluded. Then there still remains the EVENING of the 10th whith which to CELEBRATE. We know that the EVENING of the 10th is PART of the full day because the EVENING of the 9th is identified WITH THE 9th. So therefore to be consistent, then the EVENING OF the 10th must be identified with the full day OF the 10th.
8. Yom Hakippurim is identified as a Sabbath. Not necessarily the weekly Sabbath, but a MOED Sabbath.
So since Scripture interprets Scripture, where can we get a solid definition of AFFLICTING ONE’S SOUL?
Yeshayahu/Isaiah 58-- the WHOLE chapter must be viewed to get the WHOLE context.
1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up your voice like a
shofar, and show my people their transgression, and
the house of Yaqub their transgressions.
2 Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my
ways, as a nation that did right-ruling, and forsook
not the ordinance of their Elohim: they ask of me the
ordinances of justice; they take delight in
approaching to Elohim.
3 Therefore have we FASTED, say they, and you see
not? Therefore have we AFFLICTED OUR SOUL, and you
took no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your FAST
you find pleasure, and exact all your labours.
4 Behold, you FAST for strife and debate, and to
smite with the fist of wickedness: you shall not FAST
as you do THIS day, to make your voice to be heard
5 Is it such a FAST that I have CHOSEN? A DAY for a
man to AFFLICT HIS SOUL? Is it to bow down his head as
a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under
him? will you call this a FAST and an acceptable DAY
6 Is not this the FAST that I have chosen? To loose
the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy
burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that
you break every yoke?
7 Is it not to GIVE YOUR BREAD TO THE HUNGRY,
and that you bring the poor that are cast out
to your house? When you see the naked, that you
cover him; and that you hide not yourself from your
8 Then shall your LIGHT BREAK FORTH AS THE MORNING,
and your health shall spring forth speedily: and your
right-ruling shall go before you; the esteem of YHWH
shall be your rear guard.
9 Then shall you call, and YHWH shall answer; you
shall cry, and he shall say, Here I am. If you take
away from the midst of you the yoke, the putting forth
of the finger, and speaking vanity;
10 And if you DRAW OUT YOUR SOUL TO THE HUNGRY, and
SATISFY THE AFFLICTED SOUL; then shall your light rise in
obscurity, and your DARKNESS AS THE NOONDAY:
11 And YHWH shall guide you continually, and
satisfy your soul in drought, and make fat your
bones: and you shall be like a watered garden, and
like a spring of mayim, whose waters fail not.
12 And they that shall be of you shall build the old
waste places: you shall raise up the foundations of
many generations; and you shall be called, The
repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell
13 If you turn away your foot from THE SABBATH,
from doing your pleasure on my Set-Apart DAY; and
call the Sabbath a DELIGHT, the Set-Apart of YHWH,
honorable; and shall respect him, not doing your own
ways, nor finding your own pleasure, nor speaking
your own words:
14 Then shall you delight yourself in YHWH; and I
will cause you to ride upon the high places of the
earth, and feed you with the heritage of Yaqub your
father: for the mouth of YHWH has spoken it.
What can we glean from this passage?
1. In verses 3, 5, and 10 that AFFLICTING ONE’S SOUL is defined as A FAST. (this definition of AFFLICTING ONE’S SOUL cannot be found anywhere else).
2. In verse 5, the fast is identified as a FAST that YHWH has CHOSEN. While there were other days that YHWH called for a fast during the exile, those were not necessarily identified as a Sabbath. Here in this chapter, this FAST is identified AS A SABBATH. Since there are no other moedim or weekly Sabbaths which are chosen to be a fast, then this day in Yeshayahu 58 MUST BE YOM HAKIPPURIM.(see Wayiqra/Leveticus 23)
3. The people being spoken to in verses 7 and 10 are commanded to FEED the HUNGRY. It is safe to say that the hungry people begin WITHIN the commonwealth of Israel. To be consistent with other passages in Scripture about the poor and hungry, these verses primarily refer to those within Yisrael- YHWH is not commanding the people to go out to the foreign nations to feed people who have not joined themselves with Yisrael.
4. YHWH would NOT be telling the people to feed the poor in Yisrael DURING DAYLIGHT hours during Yom HaKippurim because that would be leading the poor Yisraelites astray-- the 24 hour fast is for everyone rich and poor alike.
5. If this is a fast (and it is), then EVERYONE in Yeshayahu is hungry, not just the poor. What do hungry people do after a fast is concluded? They EAT! Do poor people have enough to EAT? No. So if after a fast has concluded, and tthose who have plenty are eating. It is no wonder that it is displeasing to YHWH that those with plenty AREN’T SHARING THEIR FOOD WITH THE POOR, beause the poor have just finished thier fast, and they need to eat too!
6. As we have seen in Wayiqra/Leveticus 23:32, Yom HaKippurim is called a CELEBRATION. What do people do at a CELEBRATION? They EAT. Rich or poor, it should not matter, EVERYONE SHOULD EAT-- Rich, Middle Class, and Poor TOGETHER! Socioeconomic status should exclude NOBODY from this CELEBRATION WHICH INCLUDES EATING
7. In verse 10, the feeding of the hungry is equated with the time of darkness. So this buttresses the idea that the fast concludes at the begenning of evening/darkness (as per Wayiqura 23:32). So YHWH is saying that when the well-to-do SHARE their MEAL with the poor when the Yom HaKippurim FAST has concluded at DARK, then that ACTION of SHARING will SHINE LIKE THE NOONDAY at DARK.
8. Messianics are in error to presume that Yeshayahu 58:13 is talking about ALL weekly Sabbaths, because IF verse 13 is viewed in the WHOLE context of the whole chapter of Yeshayahu/Isaiah 58, it becomes clear that this is about a SPECIAL Sabbath: Yom HaKippurim.
9. Yeshayahu/Isaiah 58 taken together with Wayiqura/Leveticus 23:26-32 conclusively proves that the day beings at dawn and concludes the following dawn. The Yom Kippurim FAST begins on approximatly the remaining third the 9th of the 7th month and concludes at the completion of the beginning two thirds of the 10th of the month, then the CELEBRATION of Yom HaKippurim (complete with feasting/eating) begins at the last third of the 10th of the month.
10. Thus there are two meanings of day: daytime/daylight and a full 24 hour day. There are passages of Scripture which talk about day as daytime/daylight, and as we’ve seen in Wayiqra/Leveticus 23:26-32 and Yeshayahu 58, there are other passages that refer to a day as a 24 hour period. Context determines the meaning.