Nazarene Space


My thinking is that before the fall of the angel of Gen. 6 the solar year was 360 days with exactly 12 lunar months (30 days) that fit with
perfect timing within the 360 day solar year.

Stars are identified with angels in Scripture, and when certain of the
angels rebelled, certain of the "stars" (heavenly bodies) fell out of
sync.

As a result twelve shorter lunar months (totaling 354 days) fell short
of a longer solar year (365.25 days) so a leap month had to be added to
the lunar year whenever passover would otherwise occur before the
Spring equinox.

Later some stubbornly tried to force the calendar of the time of Enoch
to work today, producing the Qumran Solar calendar, but no longer
observing true lunar months.

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All,

I do not advocate the Qumran Solar calendar, but the following is a
proposed reconstruction of the Qumran Solar calendar which I originally
posted back in 1998:

Although I do not recommend this calendar for observing feasts I
thought I would share what I know of the Qumran Solar Calendar (also
found in the Book of Enoch)

(I hope the formatting works here)

The 364 day Qumran (Essene) Solar Calendar (Note the first day of the year is always Wednesday):

FIRST MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2 3 4
___________________________________________________
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
___________________________________________________
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
___________________________________________________
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
___________________________________________________
26 27 28 29 30
___________________________________________________


SECOND MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2
___________________________________________________
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
___________________________________________________
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
___________________________________________________
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
___________________________________________________
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
___________________________________________________


THIRD MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
___________________________________________________
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
___________________________________________________
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
___________________________________________________
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
___________________________________________________
29 30 31
___________________________________________________


FOURTH MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
____________________________________________________
1 2 3 4
____________________________________________________
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
____________________________________________________
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
____________________________________________________
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
____________________________________________________
26 27 28 29 30
____________________________________________________


FIFTH MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
____________________________________________________
1 2
____________________________________________________
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
____________________________________________________
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
____________________________________________________
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
____________________________________________________
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
____________________________________________________

SIXTH MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
___________________________________________________
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
___________________________________________________
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
___________________________________________________
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
___________________________________________________
29 30 31
___________________________________________________


SEVENTH MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2 3 4
___________________________________________________
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
___________________________________________________
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
___________________________________________________
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
___________________________________________________
26 27 28 29 30
___________________________________________________


EIGHTH MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2
___________________________________________________
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
___________________________________________________
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
___________________________________________________
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
___________________________________________________
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
___________________________________________________


NINETH MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
___________________________________________________
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
___________________________________________________
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
___________________________________________________
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
___________________________________________________
29 30 31
___________________________________________________


TENTH MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2 3 4
___________________________________________________
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
___________________________________________________
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
___________________________________________________
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
___________________________________________________
26 27 28 29 30
___________________________________________________


ELEVENTH MONTH

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2
___________________________________________________
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
___________________________________________________
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
___________________________________________________
17 18 19 20 21 22 23
___________________________________________________
24 25 26 27 28 29 30
___________________________________________________


TWELFTH MONTH
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thurs Fri Sat
___________________________________________________
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
___________________________________________________
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
___________________________________________________
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
___________________________________________________
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
___________________________________________________
29 30 31
___________________________________________________


Intercalation: The Qumran Solar calendar falls behind by over a day each year.
In order to adjust this calendar to the true Solar Year and maintain the first day
of the year always be a Wednesday we must adjust the calendar by a week at
a time. This means that whenever the calendar falls behind the Spring Equinox
by seven days a week must be added.

To bring this calendar to life, just find the last year in which the Spring Equinox
was on a Wednesday and then move the calendar forward to the current date.

This may not be the intercalation system they used (they did not preserve one)
but it is the logical answer to properly adjust their solar calendar to actually function.
There is much controversy around the calendar section of the Book of Chanoch. The Book of Chanoch lays out a 364-day solar calendar (1En. 72). The solar calendar is divided into four seasons each having 91 days and twelve months which follow a pattern of 30 days, 30 days and 31 days each season. The months of this solar calendar are only given numbers and not names.

The Book of Enoch also lays out a lunar calendar of 354 days with six 30 day months and six 29 day months (1En. 73). The Book then tells us that the lunar year falls behind the solar year by six days each year or by 30 days (a month) every six years (1En. 74:10-11). However the gap between the 364 day solar year of 1Enoch 72 and the 354 day lunar year of 1Enoch 74 would be ten days each year and not the six reported in 1En. 74:10-11. There would be a six-day gap between the lunar year and a 360-day solar year, and in fact 1Enoch 82:4-7 criticizes those who use a 360-day solar year and not the 364-day solar year. And yet in 1En 74:10-12 insist that it speaks of the 364-day year. How a lunar calendar can fall six days a year behind a 364-day solar year instead of ten days a year is a mystery. The confusion continues because in 74:13-16 we are given accurate information about how many days the lunar calendar falls behind a 364-day solar calendar. Moreover the 364-day solar year loses 1-¼ days a year, yet 1En. 74:10-12; 82:7 seems to maintain that this calendar is exact.

Much the same solar calendar that we find in 1Enoch also appears in the Sefer Raziel (Book of Raziel), which says:

In the first season the Sun is in Aries, Taurus and Gemini for 91 days, three hours, and one fourth of three hours. In the second season the Sun is in Cancer, Leo and Virgo for 91 days, three hours, and one fourth of three hours. In the third season the Sun is in Libra, Scorpio and Sagittarius for 91 days, three hours, and one fourth of three hours. In the fourth season the Sun is in Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces for 91 days, three hours, and one fourth of three hours.


This is especially significant because the Zohar closely associates the Book of Enoch and Book of Raziel. The Zohar says of these two books:

God did indeed send down a book to Adam…
Tradition further tells us that Enoch also had a book,
which came from the same place as the book of the
generations of Adam… This is the source of the book
known as The Book of Enoch.
(Zohar 37b)

…when Adam was in the Garden of Eden, God
sent down to him a book by the hand of Raziel…
Similarly Enoch possessed a book through which
He learnt to discern the divine glory.
(Zohar 55b)

There is also great debate concerning the purpose of the lunar and solar calendars laid out in 1Enoch. Some maintain that the Book of Chanoch is advocating a solar calendar instead of the lunar calendar which was used by Pharisaic and Sadducean Jews of the first century and which is used in Judaism today, a calendar which may have been used by Essenes. Other scholars maintain that the Book of Chanoch is simply making astronomical calculations comparing the lengths of the lunar and solar years.

Some scholars believe that the Essenes used the solar calendar of 1Enoch at Qumran. They see this same calendar as being expressed in many of the Dead Sea Scrolls (of course seven copies of 1Enoch were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls.

On the other hand the Qumran community may have themselves misunderstood the Book of Chanoch and wrongly adopted its solar year as a religious calendar. Since 1Enoch 73 lays out the 354 day lunar calendar, and since 1Enoch 74 concerns itself with calculating the rate at which the lunar calendar loses days, it may be that the solar calendar of 1En. 72 is simply presented as a baseline for adjusting the lunar calendar to keep it in sync with the solar year. In short the point of 1Enoch 72 may be to track the sun through the twelve houses of the zodiac so that one could calculate and predict the Spring Equinox. The traditional Jewish calendar is a lunar calendar, which adds an additional month whenever calculations show that Passover would otherwise occur before the Spring Equinox. The point of 1Enoch 72 may be to track the movements of the sun and to predict when the Spring Equinox would occur. The fact that such a solar calendar would lose 1 ¼ days a year would still be workable if it only had to work for about three years before being “reset” by adding of the additional month and going about predicting the next spring equinox.

Unfortunately the Enoch calendar dates for Aviv will never align with John 20:1 & mark 16:1-2 “the 1st day of the week” which is counted as the 18th day of Abib. The day before was the weekly 7th day Sabbath, the 17th day of Aviv, an appointed time (Lev23:3). Check any calendar with this test for authenticity. The end of the 17th Aviv, when Mary ran to the sepulchre will always be a 7th day weekly sabbath in scripture and appear in its rightful place on the true Qodesh calendar! I pray you will see this tare sown in Enoch.shalom

At one point I did question that this may of occurred.

Why I do not support such a theory is that this would make day one of Abib, the first day of the month, the first of months, the beginning of year. The Hebrew calendar would become a solar calendar. The moon would have no law to rule the moedim.

Scripture says, Day and night were created on day one, Gen 1:3-5.

Gen 1:14 says;

And Elohim said, “Let lights (sun and moon) come to be in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be for signs and appointed times, and for days and years,

The first part of this scripture is a recital of Gen 1:3-5.

The second half of the verse (underlined) is a commandment, a teaching from Yahweh, Torah.

A sign or 'flag' to our appointed times 'Moedim' for days and years.

The evening and the morning was the FOURTH day.

So the new moon day MUST be on the FIFTH day!

Psalms 104:19  concludes that Gen 1:14 ‘A year’ dictates the first observance of the New Moon shall be the beginning of a Hebrew Year. The next Years New Moon shall be the end-closing of that last year, and the beginning of the next.

So the Hebrew calendar, within the boundary of the equinox, an agrarian calendar, starts and ends with the First New Moon each year.

An alignment of the moon with the sun, would create the start of  the calendar on the First day of creation week, (the first week of the year), day one of the first month, thus creating a SOLAR calendar.

So what would happen?

A continuous unbroken cycle of weeks, allowing the 7th day sabbath to always fall on a saturn-day!

This is the current consensus and way the Jewish and messianic communities keep moed.

The next Years New Moon shall be the end-closing of that last year, and the beginning of the next, how can the sabbath fall on the same day each year? It simply cant, whether we use the full moon or a crescent moon for the first day of the year, as yahweh ordained, set, the New moon day as the 5th day of creation week.

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